工学教育
Online ISSN : 1881-0764
Print ISSN : 1341-2167
ISSN-L : 1341-2167
最新号
選択された号の論文の27件中1~27を表示しています
工教言
特集企画趣旨
論説
  • -コンピテンシーに焦点化して-
    松下 佳代
    2024 年 72 巻 4 号 p. 4_4-4_7
    発行日: 2024年
    公開日: 2024/07/20
    ジャーナル 認証あり
    This paper explores the concept of competencies as part of “new concepts of ability, ” aiming to delineate their essential characteristics and to identify educational practices for their development. The notion of competency, pivotal across various educational sectors-including postgraduate professional, liberal arts, and specialized education-remains subject to debate regarding its definitive features. We define competencies as action-oriented, holistic and integrative, responsive to demands, and evolving over an individual’s lifetime. To enhance the pedagogical value of competency development, merely listing and hierarchizing the competencies as educational goals is insufficient. Instead, it is crucial for students to engage in integrative activities that embed those competencies, making them a property not only of educators but also of the students themselves.
解説
  • -効果の解明と実施のポイント-
    竹下 浩
    2024 年 72 巻 4 号 p. 4_8-4_12
    発行日: 2024年
    公開日: 2024/07/20
    ジャーナル 認証あり
    Both the government and the industries expect higher educational institutions to ensure their students’ development in the technical, human, and conceptual skills at employable level, before they graduate. This paper develops the previous analysis by the author and the colleagues, and provides a simple explanation of how manufacturing PBL can develop students’ skills. Practical implications for engineering education practice are: First, teamwork in manufacturing PBL comprehensively and effectively develops students’ technical, human and conceptual skills; Second, teachers are able to play an important role before, during, and after teamwork. By understanding the rules explained in this paper and using specific concepts described as a checklist, teachers will be able to support students’ skill development.
論文
  • 「ネガティブ・ケイパビリティ」に注目して
    小川 泰治, 岩内 章太郎
    2024 年 72 巻 4 号 p. 4_13-4_19
    発行日: 2024年
    公開日: 2024/07/20
    ジャーナル 認証あり
    This essay aims to clarify the critical role of philosophical dialogue in engineering education from the perspective of cultivating negative capability. Negative capability can be defined as the specific ability to endure the untenable situation that often involves a question that cannot be easily answered. For engineers, who are expected to communicate with citizens as well as with colleagues and project members, it is essential to acquire the negative capability, as they are confronted with the problems or issues where different interests and points of view intermingle. We claim that the practice of philosophical dialogue will make the future engineers capable of dealing with the untenable situation and embodying the negative capability.
  • -考え抜くTBL実践のためのディスカッション教材の開発-
    間田 潤, 朝本 紘充, 今滝 暢子, 秋田 紘長, 柴山 均, 高橋 智輝, 森 健太郎, 松本 真和
    2024 年 72 巻 4 号 p. 4_20-4_32
    発行日: 2024年
    公開日: 2024/07/20
    ジャーナル 認証あり
    We designed a course aimed at engaging students in thorough critical thinking through Team-Based Learning (TBL) centered around the theme of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which is attracting great attention from the public and industries. We used resources from the students’ respective departments, i.e., Mid-Techs as classroom materials, to motivate and nurture their independence; however, the classroom practices of the previous academic year showed that students had been following unintended thought processes in the TBL, influenced by their discussion experience. Consequently, we developed a discussion material incorporating a design for logical thinking, which we implemented in classes to let students follow a more structured thought process during TBL activities. This paper evaluates the effects through analysis of student surveys and TBL outcomes.
  • 佐藤 雄哉, 西口 廣志, 佐々木 大輔, 板谷 年也, 谷口 幸典, 松本 佳久
    2024 年 72 巻 4 号 p. 4_33-4_38
    発行日: 2024年
    公開日: 2024/07/20
    ジャーナル 認証あり
    This study examines the impact of cross-disciplinary collaborative activities on the cultivating of KOSEN students’ ability to perceive Ethical, Legal, and Social Issues (ELSI). Cross-disciplinary collaborative activities provide opportunities to discuss one’ s research with diverse entities from various fields of expertise and backgrounds, allowing for insights into the practical aspects of social implementation. In this study, twice questionnaires were administered in July and December 2022 to analyze changes in the ability of KOSEN students to perceive the ELSI. As a result, the cross-disciplinary collaboration activities had a positive impact on the KOSEN students’ understanding of what ELSI is. At the same time, however, it became evident that the specific ELSI that arises when research outcomes are implemented in society is not yet grasped. Therefore, it was suggested that in order to cultivate the ability of KOSEN students to perceive ELSI, it is necessary to incorporate and increase the opportunities to consider specific solutions for ELSI in cross-disciplinary collaborative activities.
  • 堤 博貴, 藤野 宏, 中村 源一郎
    2024 年 72 巻 4 号 p. 4_39-4_43
    発行日: 2024年
    公開日: 2024/07/20
    ジャーナル 認証あり
    The significance of STEAM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts, Mathematics) education has been accentuated globally, amidst the technological advancements of Industry 4.0. The evolution into STEAM education, by incorporating Arts, aims to foster a holistic skill set, combining creativity with technical acumen. Although prevalent in elementary education, extending STEAM to secondary levels remains a challenge, particularly within the engineering domain. This study introduces a novel STEAM approach by merging traditional concepts with 3D technology, exemplified through the creation of bamboo-copters. This initiative not only aims to bolster interest and comprehension in scientific disciplines but also to enhance collaborative and problem-solving capabilities among students, illustrating the integration of traditional elements into contemporary educational frameworks.
  • -宮島町家の保存と活用をテーマとした地域課題解決実習-
    伊藤 雅, 金澤 雄記, 光井 周平
    2024 年 72 巻 4 号 p. 4_44-4_49
    発行日: 2024年
    公開日: 2024/07/20
    ジャーナル 認証あり
    This article reports a trial of inter-university collaborative problem-based learning (PBL) on the theme of traditional townhouses in Miyajima. It also aims to compare findings and proposals of group work with mixed grade and department students. As this theme of PBL is familiar to architecture, students of architecture field tended to propose concrete ideas. However, another academic field group also proposed concrete ideas such as information instruments. Thus, this PBL shows that mixed academic field group has potential to create useful proposals. Furthermore, this PBL was more effective to promote interaction among students. Students had shared multiple perspectives such as by grade, by academic field, by region and so on.
  • 川端 洋
    2024 年 72 巻 4 号 p. 4_50-4_55
    発行日: 2024年
    公開日: 2024/07/20
    ジャーナル 認証あり
    Fukuoka University offers opportunities for students to participate in manufacturing based on rockets. The objectives are to provide an environment in which students can practice the knowledge and skills learned in classroom lectures, support students manufacturing activities, develop space transportation engineers, and provide an environment where they can feel connected to society. The educational effects were evaluated based on the questionnaire results. This initiative is helping students on their path to becoming engineers. It also contributes to solving problems faced by the space industry. The effectiveness of education in terms of technology was confirmed, and 70% of students were able to utilize what they learned in their work even after graduation. Higher educational effects can be obtained by providing financial and management support from students and teachers.
  • 蛇嶋 華, 新垣 美奈, 梅崎 野梨子, 稲毛 真一
    2024 年 72 巻 4 号 p. 4_56-4_60
    発行日: 2024年
    公開日: 2024/07/20
    ジャーナル 認証あり
    Fukuoka University launched the Carbon Neutrality Promotion Centre in 2022 with the aim of producing outstanding human resources involved in carbon neutrality. The authors belong to the human resource development team, which has promoted carbon neutral education and achieved certain results, which are reported here. Specific activities centered on the establishment of new common courses that integrate the humanities and sciences, and the publication of textbooks to be used as texts for these courses. In addition, staff and students are also authors of the textbooks. Based on the classes and textbooks launched, ripple effects such as cooperation with national and international carbon neutrality promotion organizations, and project-based learning (PBL) have been observed.
  • 遠藤 慶一, 小林 真也
    2024 年 72 巻 4 号 p. 4_61-4_66
    発行日: 2024年
    公開日: 2024/07/20
    ジャーナル 認証あり
    This paper proposes a method for self-assessment of competencies (behavioral characteristics that produce excellent outcomes) before and after attending an educational program. The competency self-assessment proposed in this paper can be conducted easily and without cost. Furthermore, the results of the self-assessment can be used by educators not only to analyze educational effects and improve teaching methods but also to foster awareness of improving competencies among learners. The content of the competency self-assessment sheet has been carefully designed so that it can be used effectively to raise awareness of the need to improve competencies and to enable reflection on the results. As an example of the analysis of educational effects, we discuss the differences in the effects of competency development depending on the content of the graduation research and the students’ attitude toward the graduation research.
  • -工学系大学生と文系大学生の比較検討-
    上田 勇仁, 石田 百合子, 新目 真紀
    2024 年 72 巻 4 号 p. 4_67-4_72
    発行日: 2024年
    公開日: 2024/07/20
    ジャーナル 認証あり
    The paper tower was used to conduct a leadership development workshop. The workshop was conducted with participants who belonged to the engineering faculty and those who belonged to the liberal arts faculty. The results showed that the liberal arts students perceived the workshops more positively than the engineering students. However, a comparison of the Leadership Behavior Scale showed that the factors of “taking initiative,” “accepting challenges,” and “supporting result-oriented activities” tended to increase from pre- to post-workshop for participants in engineering programs than for those in liberal arts programs. This suggests that the workshop developed in this study can be expected to be more effective in capturing leadership behaviors among engineering students than liberal arts students.
  • 森口 肇, 小林 浩昭, 市川 修
    2024 年 72 巻 4 号 p. 4_73-4_78
    発行日: 2024年
    公開日: 2024/07/20
    ジャーナル 認証あり
    As the application fields of pneumatic control technology expand, the training of pneumatic control engineers has become an urgent need. Typical vocational training in the pneumatic control has been conducted in person. However, online education is expected to improve learning effectiveness by allowing students in remote locations to receive efficient education. On the other hand, acquiring skills requires a process of thinking by oneself and using one’s hands, and it is essential for students to learn through trial and error using actual devices. In this paper, we propose an online implementation scheme of the vocational training course that makes students acquire skills, technologies, and knowledge for pneumatic control for production facilities.
事例紹介
  • 鷹野 典子, Leon Loh, 下村 萌, 張 彦芳
    2024 年 72 巻 4 号 p. 4_79-4_84
    発行日: 2024年
    公開日: 2024/07/20
    ジャーナル 認証あり
    F High School is collaborating with the SDGs Design School of Faculty of Design, Kyushu University to conduct group work using design thinking during the “Period for Inquiry-Based Cross-Disciplinary Study.” In this class, students formulate their own problems and think of solutions to those problems. In order for learning to be independent, interactive, and profound as an inquiry activity, it is important to have empathy for the issues. In this study, we examined the reasons and backgrounds behind the students’ choice of issues to analyze factors that enhance empathy towards those issues.
  • 勝木 祐仁, 櫛橋 康博, 粂野 文洋, 細田 彰一, 山地 秀美
    2024 年 72 巻 4 号 p. 4_85-4_90
    発行日: 2024年
    公開日: 2024/07/20
    ジャーナル 認証あり
    To support people’s complex and diverse lives, it is essential to have empathy with others and to collaborate with people in various occupations and positions. In order to nurture engineers with these abilities, we offered a cross-disciplinary class, “Support for People’s Lives and Collaboration of Engineers”. The class aims to foster interest in people’s daily lives and to acquire methods, tips, and attitudes for sharing thoughts and ideas with team members. This paper reports on the outline of the class, the findings obtained through the practice of the class, and the educational effects of the class.
  • 松岡 雅忠, 林 壮一, 木下 弘一, 坂田 美和子
    2024 年 72 巻 4 号 p. 4_91-4_101
    発行日: 2024年
    公開日: 2024/07/20
    ジャーナル 認証あり
    Students studying science are expected to possess an interest in a wide range of academic disciplines and to foster the ability to understand practical issues from scientific perspective. Therefore, our faculty has introduced courses that include Problem-Based Learning (PBL), in which students conduct research through small group activities and cultivate the ability to communicate and actively explore. In the “Science Communication” class, nine lessons were held, focusing on the history of the evolution of daily necessities, the birth and evolution of target products, the principles of their operation, and future society. The results of the questionnaire survey showed that the preparation of presentations examining future prospects based on scientific evidence was highly satisfactory for students and effective in supporting their motivation to learn science.
  • 五十嵐 賢次, 池田 英俊, 堀 雅和, 中村 誠, 佐藤 栄一
    2024 年 72 巻 4 号 p. 4_98-4_107
    発行日: 2024年
    公開日: 2024/07/20
    ジャーナル 認証あり
    This project is subsidized by Niigata Prefecture and aims to develop “manufacturing/IT hybrid human resources.” In this project, we attempted to train students who aspired to engineering (especially IT students) to make full use of IT in the manufacturing industry through paid internships in those industries. This paper introduces examples of SE internships in the manufacturing industry and examines their educational effects as well as their advantages for both students and companies.
  • 内田 泰, 堀田 忠義
    2024 年 72 巻 4 号 p. 4_102-4_107
    発行日: 2024年
    公開日: 2024/07/20
    ジャーナル 認証あり
    With the development of information and communication technology in recent years, unprecedented technological innovation is in the limelight, so it can be said that AI human resource development is an urgent national strategy. However, there is no subject that can teach AI professionally with practical skills in the current standard curriculum in Polytechnic College. Therefore, we have developed the AI education teaching material for Polytechnic College students, who are AI beginners. In addition, its effectiveness is shown by the class practice using our developed material in Okinawa Polytechnic College.
  • 菅波 昌広, 黒木 和雄, 西脇 純一, 上島 誠司
    2024 年 72 巻 4 号 p. 4_108-4_112
    発行日: 2024年
    公開日: 2024/07/20
    ジャーナル 認証あり
    In 2004, Faculty of Engineering Learning Support Office was established to support developmental education and the first-year experience. In 2021, it was reorganized as Learning Center to support students to learn proactively and became one of the central organizations that collaborates with several departments on campus. In addition to the regular learning support, Learning Center has been providing support for arithmetic ability questions such as SPI exam, and in recent years, efforts are being made to focus on preparation for civil service exam because of the increase in the number of civil service applicants. Due to these efforts, Learning Center has achieved significant results in career education, mainly in Faculty of Science and Engineering and Faculty of Law in collaboration with Faculties and Department of Employment. In this paper, we introduce the career education efforts and the case studies of collaboration among Faculty of Science and Engineering, Faculty of Law, and Career Support.
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