有機合成化学協会誌
Online ISSN : 1883-6526
Print ISSN : 0037-9980
ISSN-L : 0037-9980
72 巻 , 2 号
選択された号の論文の13件中1~13を表示しています
巻頭言
総説および総合論文
  • 田中 亮, 塩野 毅
    2014 年 72 巻 2 号 p. 118-125
    発行日: 2014/02/01
    公開日: 2014/03/17
    ジャーナル 認証あり
    Recently copolymers containing cyclic hydrocarbon structure are paid great attention for its high transparency, heat resistance, and low dielectric constants. One of the most promising monomer to synthesize these kinds of polymers is norbornene, which is polymerized by either of ring-opening metathesis polymerization or coordinated insertion polymerization. In our contribution, we developed a living coordination polymerization system using ansa-fluorenylamidotitanium complex as a catalyst and applied it to the norbornene homopolymerization and random copolymerization with ethylene, propylene, 1-alkene and styrene. Block copolymerizations with propylene, 1-octene, norbornene and methyl methacrylate are also described.
  • 早川 一郎
    2014 年 72 巻 2 号 p. 126-136
    発行日: 2014/02/01
    公開日: 2014/03/17
    ジャーナル 認証あり
    Development of biofunctional molecules is an essential research field in the progress of chemical biology and medicinal chemistry. Natural products show various biological activities, thus they are expected to be lead compounds of novel-type of drugs. Also, natural products with a novel mechanism of action are important tools for study of biological phenomena. We have achieved the total synthesis of (−)-13-oxyingenol. This approach is highlighted by ring-closing olefin metathesis for the construction of an inside-outside framework and Mislow-Evans-type[2,3]-sigmatropic rearrangement for the introduction of a hydroxy group at C5. On the other hand, we have synthesized a hybrid molecule, consisting of the macrolactone part in aplyronine A and the side chain part in mycalolide B, by using two asymmetric Ni/Cr-mediated reaction and an intramolecular Ni/Cr-mediated macrocyclization as the key steps and have biologically evaluated this compound.
  • 石原 一彰
    2014 年 72 巻 2 号 p. 137-148
    発行日: 2014/02/01
    公開日: 2014/03/17
    ジャーナル 認証あり
    Highly selective organic transformation reactions using halogen Lewis acids are described here. 2-Iodobenzenesulfonic acid has been found to be effective as a precursor of iodine(V) catalyst for the selective oxidation of alcohols and phenols in the presence of Oxone® as a cooxidant. C2-Symmetric iodoarenes bearing conformationally flexible chiral secondary amido groups have been developed as precursors of iodine(III) catalysts for the enantioselective dearomatization of 1-hydroxynaphthyl carboxylic acids and hydroxyphenyl carboxylic acids in the presence of m-chloroperbenzoic acid (mCPBA) as a cooxidant. Chiral quaternary ammonium iodide has been developed as a precursor of iodine(I) catalyst for the enantioselective dehydrogenative carbon-oxygen coupling reaction in the presence of hydrogen peroxide or tert-butyl hydroperoxide (TBHP). Several chiral phosphorous compounds have been developed as chiral nucleophilic base catalysts for the biomimetic enantioselective iodocyclization, bromocyclzation, and protocyclization of polyprenoids. These phosphorous compounds activate N-halosuccinimides (NIS, NBS) and sulfonic acids as halonium salts and protic salts, respectively.
  • 忍久保 洋
    2014 年 72 巻 2 号 p. 149-157
    発行日: 2014/02/01
    公開日: 2014/03/17
    ジャーナル 認証あり
    Porphyrin is a representative functional molecule, which consists of four pyrrole units linked by four carbon atoms with an 18π aromatic character. Most of porphyrin syntheses rely on acid-catalyzed condensation of pyrrole with aldehydes followed by oxidation, which are low-yielding in many cases. To establish more effective porphyrin synthesis, we have devoted our effort to combine porphyrin chemistry and modern organic synthesis through transition metal-mediated reactions. In this article, we focus on synthesis of novel porphyrin analogues through coupling of dipyrrin precursors. The metal-templated strategy using dipyrrin metal complexes was found to be quite efficient to construct porphyrin-like cyclic π-conjugated systems consisting of the dipyrrin unit, which exhibit intriguing optical and electronic properties.
  • 矢内 光, 田口 武夫
    2014 年 72 巻 2 号 p. 158-170
    発行日: 2014/02/01
    公開日: 2014/03/17
    ジャーナル 認証あり
    Bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)methyl (Tf2CH; Tf=SO2CF3) group is an appealing acidic functionality for development of novel organocatalysts. It has been reported that some compounds bearing Tf2CH functionality show notably strong acidity in both solution and gas phases, although the catalysis of such carbon acids has not been defined for a long time. On the other hand, we recently found that 1,1,3,3-tetrakis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)propane (Tf2CHCH2CHTf2) performs as an excellent catalyst for several carbon-carbon bond forming reactions using silicon enolates. Furthermore, as an effective strategy to prepare a novel type of carbon acid catalysts, we reported that Tf2CHCH2CHTf2 can be successfully used as a suitable reagent for incorporating Tf2CH functionality to neutral nucleophiles. On the basis of this strategy, multiple carbon acid catalysts were developed. Such carbon acids are effective but easy-to-handle acid catalysts.
  • 菅 敏幸
    2014 年 72 巻 2 号 p. 171-180
    発行日: 2014/02/01
    公開日: 2014/03/17
    ジャーナル 認証あり
    Summarized in this article are the syntheses of heterocyclic natural products by means of Rh-catalyzed C-H insertion reaction of diazoester. During the course of our total synthesis of (−)-ephedradine A (1) by application of Ns-strategy, we found that the Rh2(S-DOSP)4 mediated C-H insertion reaction was enabled to simplify the synthetic process and decided to use it for the natural product synthesis. In the synthesis of serotobenine (4), the C-H insertion precursor was efficiently synthesized by the Leimgruber-Batcho protocol and a regioselective Claisen rearrangement. The racemic nature of serotobenine (4) is suggested by the presence of p-quinonemethide intermediate 6. Enantioselective synthesis of SB-203207 (25a) was accomplished by desymmetric C-H insertion reaction of 33 for construction of a bicyclo[3.3.0] framework, stereoselective construction of sequential stereocenters of 37, novel conversion from an aldehyde to a carboxylic acid, and nitrile hydrolysis. Stereoselective synthesis of MFPA (54) was accomplished by intermolecular C-H insertion and the asymmetric center at the benzylic position of 58 permitted efficient incorporation of the three sequential stereochemistries on the pyrrolidine ring of 68. Synthesis of aperidine (70) was featured by the cis-selective construction of a dihydrobenzofuran ring of 82 utilizing by Hashimoto’s catalyst and preparation of diazoamide of 81 by Raines’ protocol.
Review de Debut
ラウンジ
十字路
Let’s Challenge!
feedback
Top