有機合成化学協会誌
Online ISSN : 1883-6526
Print ISSN : 0037-9980
ISSN-L : 0037-9980
37 巻 , 12 号
選択された号の論文の19件中1~19を表示しています
  • Synthesis and Properties of Organolithium, -sodium and -potassium Compounds
    檜山 為次郎
    1979 年 37 巻 12 号 p. 982-990
    発行日: 1979/12/01
    公開日: 2010/01/22
    ジャーナル フリー
    The general features of organolithium, -sodium and -potassium compounds are reviewed particularly with the emphasis on their stability and reactivity. Successively, experimental procedures for the synthesis of these organometallic reagents are summarized. Finally discussed is the preparation of metal amides.
  • Preparation of Copper Compounds Utilized for Organic Syntheses
    伊藤 嘉彦
    1979 年 37 巻 12 号 p. 991-995
    発行日: 1979/12/01
    公開日: 2009/11/13
    ジャーナル フリー
    Lithium dialkylcopper, cuprate, is prepared in situ by treating a suspension of cuprous iodide in ether or THF with 2 equivalent of alkyllithium. Anhydrous cupric chloride is prepared by heating commercially available CuCl2·2H2O at 120°C for several hours. Cuprous oxide is prepared by heating commercially available Cu2O in vacuo at 6070°C for several hours. Copper (I) carbonyl cation is generated by treating cuprous oxide in sulfuric acid with 1 atm. of carbon monoxide. Active copper powder is prepared by reducing cupric sulfate in water with zinc powder under nitrogen gas. Copper (I) tert-butoxide is prepared by reacting anhydrous cuprous chloride with lithium tert-butoxide in THF. Copper (I) tert-butoxide is thermally stable under nitrogen and purified by sublimation at 170°C/1 mmHg. Copper (I) triflate · (benzene) 1/2 complex is prepared by heating cuprous oxide with trifluoromethanesulfonic acid anhydride in benzene at reflux. Some synthetic reactions using the copper compounds thus prepared are also described.
  • Preparation and Reaction of Zinc Compounds in Organic Synthesis
    西口 郁三
    1979 年 37 巻 12 号 p. 996-1000
    発行日: 1979/12/01
    公開日: 2010/01/22
    ジャーナル フリー
    Recent progress of preparation and reaction of a variety of zinc compounds, such as organozinc compounds, zinc-other metal couples and activated zinc, in organic synthesis is described in this article.
  • Organomercury and Organothallium Compounds
    植村 栄
    1979 年 37 巻 12 号 p. 1001-1007
    発行日: 1979/12/01
    公開日: 2009/11/13
    ジャーナル フリー
    Preparation methods for 11 organomercury compounds, mercury (II) trifluoroacetate, 4 organothallium compounds, 4 inorganic thallium (III) salts, thallium (I) ethoxide, and thallium (I) t-butylthiolate have been described. The price of the chemical and the name of the company which produces it are cited, when it is commercially available. The utility of each compound for representative organic synthesis and some of their chemical and physical properties (toxicity, reactivity to air and water, melting point etc.) have also been described.
  • Synthesis and Properties of Boron Compounds
    山本 嘉則, 丸山 和博
    1979 年 37 巻 12 号 p. 1008-1016
    発行日: 1979/12/01
    公開日: 2009/11/13
    ジャーナル フリー
    Boron compounds frequently used in organic synthesis are classified into three groups; i) reducing reagents, ii) hydroborating reagents, and iii) organoboranes. Synthesis, properties, and commercial availability of these boron compounds are described. Furthermore, typical applications to organic synthesis are briefly mentioned. The compounds listed are NaBH4, NaBH2S3, NaBH3CN, LiBH3CN, Bu4NBH3CN, LiEt3BH, Li and KsecBu3BH, BH3·THF, BH3·SMe2, BH3·Amine, 9-BBN, Disiamylborane, Thexylborane, Dipinylborane, Catecolborane, BH2Cl·SMe2, BHCl2·SMe2, R3B, 9-BBN-triflate, Aminohaloborane, 3-Pinanyl-9-BBN, and Boronic Esters.
  • Organoaluminum Compounds
    平林 忠道
    1979 年 37 巻 12 号 p. 1017-1021
    発行日: 1979/12/01
    公開日: 2009/11/13
    ジャーナル フリー
    The directions for use of organoaluminum compounds in the field of organic synthetic chemistry are explained with the assistance of 37 references and one table on the physical properties of major compounds which are commercially available. The general caution with respect to handling of organoaluminum compounds is also described to give the beginners.
  • Titanium Compounds in Organic Synthesis
    大辻 吉男, 去来川 覚三
    1979 年 37 巻 12 号 p. 1022-1025
    発行日: 1979/12/01
    公開日: 2009/11/13
    ジャーナル フリー
    Preparation and properties of various types of titanium compounds are described, and their applications in organic synthesis are presented with practical procedures under the following three categories : the use of titanium (IV) compounds as Lewis acids, the use of low-valent titanium compounds as reducing reagents, and the use of titanium-aluminium complexes as catalysts.
  • Synthesis and Properties of Organometallic Compounds of Silicon and Tin which are Used in Organic Synthesis
    細見 彰
    1979 年 37 巻 12 号 p. 1026-1033
    発行日: 1979/12/01
    公開日: 2010/01/22
    ジャーナル フリー
    Synthetic procedures and notes and their properties of representative organometallic compounds of group IV B elements (Si, Sn) which are used in organic synthesis are described.
  • Applications of (Arene) tricarbonylchromium Complexes in Organic Synthesis
    吉藤 正明
    1979 年 37 巻 12 号 p. 1034-1036
    発行日: 1979/12/01
    公開日: 2009/11/13
    ジャーナル フリー
    (Arene) tricarbonylchromium complexes can be prepared simply by heating arenes with hexacarbonylchromium in high yield. These complexes undergo selective reactions on or adjacent to metal-complexed aromatic rings; removal of electron density from the arenes through coordination allows nucleophilic reactants to add to a carbon of the arene ring under mild reaction conditions and the bulky Cr (CO) 3 moiety can exert a large steric blocking effect causing stereo-selective reactions. Some typical experimental procedures are described.
  • Applications of Organozirconium Complexes in Organic Synthesis
    吉藤 正明
    1979 年 37 巻 12 号 p. 1037-1040
    発行日: 1979/12/01
    公開日: 2009/11/13
    ジャーナル フリー
    Hydrozirconation using chlorobis (η-cyclopentadienyl) hydridozirconium (IV) is a useful procedure for functionalizing alkenes, alkynes, and 1, 3-dienes via organozirconium (IV) intermediates. These intermediates react with a variety of electrophilic reagents to give organic products in high yield. Via transmetalation the zirconium intermediates also serve as precursors of reactive organometallic compounds of metallic elements whose chemistry is well established with regard to C-C bond formation processes. Some typical experimental procedures are described.
  • Molybdenum and Tungsten Compounds Utilized in Organic Synthesis
    中村 晃
    1979 年 37 巻 12 号 p. 1041-1046
    発行日: 1979/12/01
    公開日: 2009/11/13
    ジャーナル フリー
    A variety of molybdenum and tungsten compounds, e. g. MoCl5, Mo (CO) 6, MCl6, W (CO) 5CR2, has been utilized as catalysts in Lewis acidic catalysis, olefin metathesis, olefin epoxidation, or as reagents in chlorination etc. Selected typical examples of these reactions are listed and properties, prices, methods of preparation, and precautions in practical uses are described.
  • Synthesis and Properties of Selenium Compounds Used for Organic Synthesis
    近藤 清, 園田 昇
    1979 年 37 巻 12 号 p. 1047-1052
    発行日: 1979/12/01
    公開日: 2009/11/13
    ジャーナル フリー
    Synthesis and properties of several useful selenium compounds are described.
  • The Preparation and Reactions of Tetracarbonylferrates
    渡部 良久
    1979 年 37 巻 12 号 p. 1053-1058
    発行日: 1979/12/01
    公開日: 2009/11/13
    ジャーナル フリー
    Various tetracarbonylferrates including potassium tetracarbonylhidrido-, tetramethylammonium tetracarbonylhydrido-, disodium or dipotassium tetracarbonyl-ferrate can be prepared from pentacarbonyliron and bases or reducing agents by different methods. All these ferrates are widely used as effective reducing and carbonylating agents in organic synthesis.
    Several reactions of dieneirontricarbonyls are also described.
  • Ruthenium and Osminum Compounds
    松本 英之
    1979 年 37 巻 12 号 p. 1059-1064
    発行日: 1979/12/01
    公開日: 2009/11/13
    ジャーナル フリー
    This article deals chiefly with low-valent ruthenium- and osmium-phosphine complexes and presents a brief review of their available methods of synthesis with preparative examples. Also described are the recent examples of their use in homogeneous catalysis.
  • Syntheses of Cobalt Complexes
    山崎 博史, 若槻 康雄
    1979 年 37 巻 12 号 p. 1065-1071
    発行日: 1979/12/01
    公開日: 2009/11/13
    ジャーナル フリー
    Syntheses and properties of the following nine selected cobalt complexes which are of importance in the catalytic and stoichiometric syntheses of organic compounds are described : octacarbonyldicobalt, tetracarbonylhydridocobalt, sodium tetracarbonylcobaltate, μ-acetylenehexacarbonyldicobalt, alkylidynenonac arbonyltricobalt, dicarbonyl-η-cyclopentadienylcobalt, bis (η-cyclopentadienyl) cobalt, hydridodinitrogentris (triphenylphosphine) cobalt and η-cyclopentadienyltriphenylphosphine (cobaltacyclopentadiene).
  • Rhodium and Iridium Compounds
    山岸 敬道
    1979 年 37 巻 12 号 p. 1072-1080
    発行日: 1979/12/01
    公開日: 2009/11/13
    ジャーナル フリー
    Since the prominent application of the Wilkinson complex to the hydrogenation of olefins, many organic reactions catalyzed by rhodium complexes and iridium analogs have been reported. In this review, the preparative methods, properties of rhodium compounds and their applications to organic synthesis as well as those of iridium compounds are described. Rhodium and iridium compounds are generally prepared starting from their water-soluble halogeno compounds such as RhCl3·3H2O or IrCl3H2O. The oxidation state of the compounds obtained is strongly dependent on the nature of the ligands. Low-valent (from -3 to zero) complexes are stabilized by carbon monoxide which behaves as a strong π-acceptor. Uni-valent complexes are coordinated by olefins, dienes, carbon monoxide, phosphines, arsines or amines. Most of low-valent complexes are air-sensitive and should be handled under inert atmosphere. They easily undergo the oxidative addition reaction and catalyze organic reactions, such as hydrogenation, hydrosilylation, hydroformylation, oligomerization, isomerization, carbonylation, decarbonylation, etc.
  • Nickel
    玉尾 皓平
    1979 年 37 巻 12 号 p. 1081-1085
    発行日: 1979/12/01
    公開日: 2009/11/13
    ジャーナル フリー
    Properties, manipulations, preparative methods and typical reactions have been described for the following twelve representative nickel compounds which have been used and/or should be useful as catalysts and/or reagents for synthetic organic reactions : nickel (II) halides, his (acetylacetonato) -nickel (II), nickel peroxide, dichloro (bipyridyl) nickel (II), dihalobis (trialkylphosphine) nickel (II), dichlorobis (triphenylphosphine) nickel (II), dichloro {1, 3-his (diphenylphosphino) propane} nickel (II), trans-chlorophenylbis (triphenylphosphine) nickel (II), tetracarbonylnickel (0), bis (η- 1, 5-cyclooctadienyl) nickel (0), tetrakis (triphenylphosphine) nickel (0), di-μ-bromobis (1-3-η-allyl) dinickel (II).
  • Organic Syntheses Using Palladium and Ruthenium Compounds
    村橋 俊一, 細川 隆弘
    1979 年 37 巻 12 号 p. 1086-1098
    発行日: 1979/12/01
    公開日: 2010/01/22
    ジャーナル フリー
    Recent developments in organic syntheses using palladium and platinum compounds are surveyed. Emphasis is placed on preparation of useful palladium and platinum compounds and their practical applications for organic syntheses.
  • 齋藤 太郎
    1979 年 37 巻 12 号 p. 1099-1104
    発行日: 1979/12/01
    公開日: 2009/11/13
    ジャーナル フリー
    Metal atom syntheses of organometallic compounds are described from the viewpoint, of reactor designs, reaction procedures and interesting examples of the application of the method.Organometallic syntheses using activated metals are also reviewed briefly.
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