有機合成化学協会誌
Online ISSN : 1883-6526
Print ISSN : 0037-9980
ISSN-L : 0037-9980
71 巻 , 12 号
選択された号の論文の13件中1~13を表示しています
巻頭言
総説および総合論文
  • 萩原 久大
    2013 年 71 巻 12 号 p. 1238-1251
    発行日: 2013/12/01
    公開日: 2014/01/22
    ジャーナル 認証あり
    Both enantiomers of carvone are versatile starting materials for total syntheses of a number of natural products such as sesquiterpenoids, diterpenoids, alkaloids and so on, taking advantage of a variety of transformations of enone and isopropenyl moieties along with easy availability of both enantiomers. In this review article, total syntheses of cyclic sesquiterpenoids starting from carvone since 2000 have been compiled according to structural types, hydrindane-, decalin-, guaian-, spiro- and bridged-sesquiterpenoids.
  • 正田 晋一郎, 小林 厚志, 野口 真人
    2013 年 71 巻 12 号 p. 1252-1258
    発行日: 2013/12/01
    公開日: 2014/01/22
    ジャーナル 認証あり
    Glycoproteins, naturally occurring hybrid macromolecules composed of a protein and oligosaccharide chains, show various important biological activities in medical and pharmaceutical sciences. In spite of strong demand for glycoproteins having a definite structure, its specific preparation is still an unsolved problem in the field of synthetic organic chemistry. Here we propose an efficient strategy for synthesis of glycoproteins via 1,2-oxazoline derivatives as glycosyl donors for enzymatic transglycosylation.
    We developed a facile method for synthesis of sugar oxazoline derivatives by the intramolecular dehydration reaction of the corresponding unprotected 2-acetamido-sugars in water using 2-chloro-1,3-dimethylimidazolinium chloride (DMC) as a dehydrating agent. According to this method, disialo-oligosaccharides can be converted to the corresponding 1,2-oxazoline derivatives in high yields without protecting the hydroxy groups.
    A transglycosylation of the resulting oxazoline derivative to the GlcNAc moiety on a protein has successfully been demonstrated catalyzed by a mutant of N-acetylglucosaminidase-M, giving rise to a monodispersed disialo-type glycoprotein.
  • 赤星 文彦
    2013 年 71 巻 12 号 p. 1259-1267
    発行日: 2013/12/01
    公開日: 2014/01/22
    ジャーナル 認証あり
    Dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-4) inhibitors have built trust through both efficacy and safety in the treatment of type 2 diabetes and have increased the prescription both in Japan and overseas. Among them, teneligliptin has potent and selective DPP-4 inhibitory activity, has an elimination half-life of 24.2 h in human plasma, and is eliminated via excretion from the kidney and metabolism involving some metabolizing enzymes. Therefore, teneligliptin provides postprandial blood glucose-lowering effects that are sustained throughout the day by once-daily treatment and has unnecessary dosage regulation in patients with renal impairment. In this article, discovery and preferable profiles of a novel DPP-4 inhibitor, teneligliptin, discovered first in Japan, are described. By comparative studies of the binding modes of launched DPP-4 inhibitors in the active site, the unique binding mode of teneligliptin in DPP-4 has been revealed.
  • 長谷川 真士, 渡邊 美穂, 御崎 洋二
    2013 年 71 巻 12 号 p. 1268-1281
    発行日: 2013/12/01
    公開日: 2014/01/22
    ジャーナル 認証あり
    Dendralenes, acyclic cross-conjugated polyenes having a nonplanar structure, containing 1,3-dithiole (DT) rings are of considerable interest as novel multi-stage redox systems for potential application to electrical conducting, magnetic, electrochromic, and nonlinear optical materials. In the present review, we focus on the electronic structures of DT[n]dendralenes and their π-extended compounds in which phenylene, thienylene, furylene, or tetrathiapenthalene (TTP) moieties are inserted. DT[n]dendralenes (n=3 and 4) employ a non-planar structure due to the steric effect, and cyclic voltammetry (CV) suggested multi-redox behavior of extended vinylogues. Their electronic structure and conjugation pathway in cationic states are strongly affected by the aromaticity of the inserted aryl groups. As for dication of DT[4]dendralenes with two thiophene spacers, the electronic structures depend on their substituents. In the cationic states of DT[5]dendralenes with two thiophene spacers, the positive charges are mainly located on the outer TTF moieties. On the other hand, cationic species of DT[3]dendralene having two TTP moieties, the positive charges are distributed mainly in the outer branching vinylogues.
  • 吉松 三博, 田邉 元三, 村岡 修
    2013 年 71 巻 12 号 p. 1282-1293
    発行日: 2013/12/01
    公開日: 2014/01/22
    ジャーナル 認証あり
    In this paper, molecular activation of sulfur functional groups, including the γ-sulfur-stabilization effect on propargyl cations generated from the corresponding alcohols and sulfur-activated cyclizations of oxygen- and nitrogen-tethered 1,6-diynes triggered by some useful transformations, is described. With respect to propargylation, Lewis acid-catalyzed C-C, C-O and C-N bond formations in nitromethane or nitromethane—H2O have been developed. Moreover, C-N bond formation for the synthesis of pyrazoles via intra- and intermolecular cyclizations is investigated. Thioamides underwent cycloaddition with allenyl cation intermediates, while this reaction did not occur with propargyl cations. In sulfur-activated cyclizations, nucleophile-triggered cyclization provided alkoxymethyl-, aryloxymethylfurans and tanshinon derivatives. Furthermore, the alkynylation- and amination-triggered cyclizations of 1,6-diynes are also described.
  • 安田 誠, 馬場 章夫
    2013 年 71 巻 12 号 p. 1294-1306
    発行日: 2013/12/01
    公開日: 2014/01/22
    ジャーナル 認証あり
    Borate complexes that contain tridentate ligands tris(o-oxyaryl)methanes and -silanes were synthesized. These complexes had a cage-shaped structure around a boron center. The geometry of the structure determined the properties of the borates in which ligands were consistently bound to the metal center by chelation. Theoretical calculations suggested that the cage-shaped borates had a large dihedral angle (Cipso-O-B-O) compared with open-shaped borates. The large angle leads to a greater Lewis acidity for cage-shaped borates. Substitution of a bridgehead Si for a bridgehead C decreased the Lewis acidity due to its smaller dihedral angle. The introduction of electron-withdrawing groups on the aryl moieties in the cage-shaped framework increased the Lewis acidity. The cage-shaped borates effectively catalyzed some organic transformations more than the open-shaped borate B(OPh)3. Selective recognition of aromatic aldehyde over aliphatic aldehyde was accomplished in a catalytic manner by using cage-shaped borates with a π-pocket.
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