Japanese Journal of Health and Human Ecology
Online ISSN : 1882-868X
Print ISSN : 0368-9395
ISSN-L : 0368-9395
Volume 27 , Issue 1
Showing 1-6 articles out of 6 articles from the selected issue
  • Naokata ARAI, Atsuyoshi MORI, Yoko SHIBATA, Joya MURATA, Yoshie YABUKI ...
    1961 Volume 27 Issue 1 Pages 1-10,A1
    Published: 1961
    Released: December 22, 2010
    The investigation was performed in a city and a village in Chiba prefecture in July 1960. The finding is follows:
    1) There were found more schizophrenics in the city than in the village. This may be partly caused of heredobiological factors as has often been suggested up to now, yet it is also necessary to notice whether the circumstances may influenced the adjustment of their social life.
    2) The alcoholic were divided into four groups according to their brinking pattern, and that percentage of each groups of alcoholic are follows:
    city village
    (1) occasional drinker 51.0% 46.4%
    (2) habitual drinker 39.8 44.1
    (3) addictional drinker 6.3 7.0
    (4) chronic alcoholism 2.9 2.5
    These results showed ehat there were no great differenses between two districts and the criminals were found more in III and IV group than in the others.
    This suggests some relationships between alcohol and crime.
    3) In the low culturized district there were found more criminals, but this fact has need of the further investigations from the viewpoint of social psychiatry
    Download PDF (1752K)
  • Toshihiro ISHIKO, Jun YAMAKAWA, Setsuko MIYAUCHI
    1961 Volume 27 Issue 1 Pages 11-17,A2
    Published: 1961
    Released: November 19, 2010
    Respiratory movements in bronchial asthma were studied by attaching two pneumographs on the chest and the abdomen of the patients in supine, sitting and most confortable positions.
    Following results were obtained.
    1. Respiratory types on seizure were almost coincident with those out of seizure in every position.
    2. The amplitude of pneumogram on seizure was, in general, greater tha-. 1 that out of seizure.
    3. The ratio of inspiratory time to expiratory time showed no significant difference between on seizure and out of seizure. So dyspnoea on seizure exists both on inspiration and expiration.
    4. The chest and the abdomen did not move paralel on seizure. Abdominal movements always preceded chest movements. The authors guess that some air went and back between upper and lower parts of the lung.
    5. Pnuemogram showed that dysp2oea became less when the patints changed their position from supine to sitting. 6.
    Bronchial asthma can be classified from the pneumogram. (1) heavy attack-the relation between chest and abdominal movements is destroyed. (2) middle attack contrary movements between chest and abdomen exist. (3) light attack-phasic unequality is seen in both movements.
    7. A slight abnormality of pneumogram was seen, on some occasions, even out of seizure of bronchial asthma.
    Download PDF (5006K)
    1961 Volume 27 Issue 1 Pages 18-52,A3
    Published: 1961
    Released: November 19, 2010
    From the psychiatric point of view, 198 cases of divorce from the village zone in S. prefecture placed near to Tokyo were in vestigated.
    In this district, the manner of life is comparatively modernised and the degree of culture is rather high but in the manners or customs, especially in the feeling about marriage, between the bride and her mother-in-law there is yet the custom of the priniciple of family first or like the old feudal custom.
    The will or hope of the people who want marriage is not highly valued, many people are completed to marry for the hope of the family, the term of each intercourse after the first interview is short in many cases, there are remarkably many cases like this among the divorced.
    In occuring from the factors of divorce, 198 cases are classified in 7 groups.
    After omitting the 2 groups, namely the group based on illness (D group) and on poverty (E group), another cases are divided into 2 large groups: the I st large group is chracterized by the failure in human relationship between the husband and wife or interfamiliar persons (P. & So. groups). The 2nd large group is characterized by the deviated personality (I., G. & Sx groups). In the P. & So. groups there are many cases of the so-called interview marriage after the short term intercourse.
    Their human relationship from the victimological point of view is also reserched. About the I., G. & Sx. groups we valued it applying the Glueck's theory of prediction of crime after making a decision of the defects causing divorces.
    As the result, we thought that, in these groups (esp. in I & G), the predicition of divorce could be previously established before such events.
    Download PDF (8015K)
  • Masayuki WATANABE
    1961 Volume 27 Issue 1 Pages 53-98,A3
    Published: 1961
    Released: November 19, 2010
    We have described the shape of auricle analysed in the following three traits: 1) the aspect of general contour ; 2) the form of lobule and 3) the form of beginning part of helix to the base of auricle. We classified the 1st trait in 4 types, A, B, C and D. The 2 nd trait in 3 forms, R, P and Q; the 3rd trait in 4 forms, 0, 1, 2 and 3.
    The main object of the present study is to affirm the affinity between these types and forms and also to determine their hereditability. We failed, however, in this latter purpose; we could not calculate the percentage or penetrate rate of their hereditability. Regarding the affinity between types and forms we could determine their relative strength as follows:
    (1) As for the 4 types of general contour of the auricle:
    The greatest is the affinity between C-D, and the next is between B -D. The thirds are relation between A-C, and B-C: These two are nearly equal. The affinity between A-B is rather more feeble than the former two. The affinity between A-D is the weakest.
    If we take the distance between C-D as 1, the distance between A-C, and B-C are 2, that of B-D is 1.4-1.5, and that of A-B is nearly 3.
    (II) As for the 3 forms of lobules:
    The affinity between P-Q is the greatest. The next is that between R-P. The distance R-Q is the farthest.
    If we take the distance between P-Q as 1, the R-P 1-2, R. Q is (III) As for the 4 forms of the beginning part of helix:
    We may safely say that 0, 1, 2 and 3 can be taken as 4 equidistant points on a straight line.
    Download PDF (6902K)
  • Kenzo SATO
    1961 Volume 27 Issue 1 Pages 99-113,A4
    Published: 1961
    Released: December 22, 2010
    Refering to the knowledge about the metabolic pathway of melanine, certain reports about the role of SH-groups in the biosynthesis of rhodopsine, sense of taste, and olfactory response in animals, and to few facts which suggest the relationship between the darkness of skin color and sensation, the author speculate that there must be some relationship between the skin color and the sensorium in human being.
    In this paper, the results is summarized about the observations in the relationship among the darkness of skin color, sense of taste, olfactory response, and the certain components of serum in 500 human adult cases.
    1) About the sense of taste against P. T. C., NaCl and saccharine, female was more sensitive than male, and distinct correlations among the threshold value against 3 substances were observed. 2) There were no difference observed between male and female about the threshold of olfactory response against acetone and that against skatole, and between two values, distinct correlation was observed. 3) Between the cases who lived in urban district and rural district, there was no difference about the values above mentioned. 4) There were no correlation observed among the threshold ol sensorium, darkness of skin color, socalled vitamin C cutane resction, copper contents of serum, and iron contents of serum.
    Download PDF (2323K)
  • Hiroshi SEKINE, Tamio KAKEGAI
    1961 Volume 27 Issue 1 Pages 114-122,A5
    Published: 1961
    Released: November 19, 2010
    As the mortality of infant at the Joboji-machi was very high as compard with national mean value, this town was appointed as the special district for sanitaly guaidance of mothers and children in 1955.
    The Preesent author conducted an examination for infants and studied on the actual sanitory condition of mothers and children in August 1955.
    1) On the infantile nursing and the other items.
    The results of the reseach on 295 mothers who have infants 2 months to 1 year and half aiter bjrth.
    Indifference of the infant nursing 80.7%
    Nurse is grandparents 66.1%
    Use of “Ejiko”= a cracel 52.0%
    Days of taking bath once in 6.4 days
    Change of underwear once in 2.2 days
    Change of diaper. 6.4 in a day
    Days of puerperium 50 days
    No holiday during pregnancy 74.8%
    Witness of birth except doctor and midwife. 13.9%
    2) On the infant.
    The result of the research on 297 infants from 2 months to 1 year and half after birth.
    a) Illness 122 infants (41.1%)
    Rachitis constitution 20.5% Harnia 16.4%
    Bronchitis 22.9% Impetigo 11.5%
    b) Body measurement.
    Stature and weight on the birth at maternity clinic was a little higher than national mean value and it was a slight dicrease to school age from a threemonth old baby.
    c) The manner of nutrition.
    Breast milk WS%
    Artificial feeding 1.7%
    Mixed feeding 22.9%
    d) The state of development.
    Dentition (at a seven-month old baby of the national value.). c34.1%
    Walking start (at a thirteen-month old baby of the national mean value.). c25%
    Weaning start (at a seven-month old baby.). c16%
    e) Marriage of parents was earlier then that of the city people.
    Male 23.2 3.7 years old Female 20.3 2.6 years old
    f) Mother of the dead child were 26.8% more then that of the city people.
    3) On the state of birth.
    a) The body weight on the birth was lower that of the national meal value.
    13) - The rote stillbirth was 2.5% and the birth after bleeding was 4.5%.
    Download PDF (1393K)