Japanese Journal of Health and Human Ecology
Online ISSN : 1882-868X
Print ISSN : 0368-9395
ISSN-L : 0368-9395
Volume 76 , Issue 6
Showing 1-3 articles out of 3 articles from the selected issue
Editorial
Original Articles
  • Mayumi OHNISHI, Keiko NAKAMURA
    2010 Volume 76 Issue 6 Pages 237-251
    Published: 2010
    Released: December 24, 2010
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    The sociodemographic characteristics, knowledge level and sexual behaviour regarding HIV/AIDS among adolescent orphans were examined. Orphans aged 15-18 years old in Nigeria were interviewed using a structured questionnaire. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the associations between sociodemographic characteristics and experience of sexual intercourse. Multiple linear regression analysis was performed to determine the associations between sociodemographic characteristics and their knowledge regarding sexually transmitted infections (STI) and HIV/AIDS. A total of 370 respondents were assessed. Sixty (16.2%) orphans reported having experience of sexual intercourse, and 19 (31.6%) orphans used a condom the last time they had sexual intercourse. The interviewees who were currently attending school had reduced likelihood of having experience of sexual intercourse [odds ratio (OR)=0.315 ; 95% confidence interval (CI) : 0.175, 0.568] . Among male orphans, those with higher scores of knowledge regarding STI and HIV/AIDS were Christian, complete orphans and reported good attitudes of people within the community toward orphans ; among females, those with greater age and completion of primary school showed higher scores. Orphans' health literacy-related avoidance of health risks, such as STI and HIV/AIDS, was dependent not only on age and educational level, but also on level of community support and satisfaction with their life.
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  • Fumi TAKEDA, Takashi ASAKURA, Kanako OKADA
    2010 Volume 76 Issue 6 Pages 253-263
    Published: 2010
    Released: December 24, 2010
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Objective : The objective of this study was to identify factors related to the job satisfaction of Yogo teachers.
    Methods : An anonymous, self-administered survey comprised of items related to background, job satisfaction, occupational stressors, social support and self-esteem was conducted on public elementary and junior high school Yogo teachers in urban areas. The 184 valid responses obtained (valid response rate 62.8%) were analyzed using logistic regression analysis to examine the relationship between job satisfaction and background, occupational stressors, social support and self-esteem.
    Results : Factors significantly related to job satisfaction were “relations with the teacher in charge” stressor and “self esteem”, but not social support. The odds ratios for job satisfaction were 3.4 (p=.016) for those with a low level of “relations with the teacher in charge” stressor against those with a high level, and 3.1 (p=.031) for those with a high level of “self-esteem” against those with a low level.
    Conclusions : Job satisfaction among Yogo teacher is significantly related to the stressor of relations with the teacher in charge and self-esteem, but not related to social support. The findings suggest that improving relations with the teacher in charge and increasing self-esteem are important in increasing job satisfaction of Yogo teacher.
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