Japanese Journal of Health and Human Ecology
Online ISSN : 1882-868X
Print ISSN : 0368-9395
ISSN-L : 0368-9395
Volume 45 , Issue 5
Showing 1-7 articles out of 7 articles from the selected issue
  • [in Japanese]
    1979 Volume 45 Issue 5 Pages 169
    Published: 1979
    Released: June 28, 2010
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (139K)
  • Chiyo TADA
    1979 Volume 45 Issue 5 Pages 170-183
    Published: 1979
    Released: October 21, 2011
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    It is the purpose of this report to inform you the general state of the research of Japanese bed from the viewpoints of health. 1) The course of time in microclimate inside of the bed and skin temperatures distribution in sleep adequate to keep comfortable sleep were determined. 2) The weight distribution of mattresses and bedclothes which are being used at various places in Japan, were investigated. 3) Physical properties of nonhygroscopic mattresses and bedclothes which were developed one after the other owing to new techniques were tested in relation to the comfort and function in case of usage. 4) Recent research on bed has entered into a new-stage. The studies improving the recovery of functions in the brain and body during the sleep by the use of better mattress has become the central parts of interest.
    Download PDF (1666K)
  • Akira KOIZUMI, Shunji NISHII, Nobumichi SAKAI
    1979 Volume 45 Issue 5 Pages 184-188
    Published: 1979
    Released: June 28, 2010
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Annual changes of life expectancy at birth for males and females in Japan during the 1950-1976 period agree well with Gompertz curves. They also agree well with logistic curves as well as modified exponential curves. However, final values are slightly different among these three mathematical models. An equation was attained between life expectancy at birth and per capita national medical care expenditure during the abovementioned period in Japan. Factors affecting life expectancy at birth are discussed with special reference to regular decline of mortality. By means of Gompertz model, a prediction of future age-specific life expectancy was performed. Expected values mostly agree well with Hishinuma's estimations derived from the lowest mortality in 1974 in the world and a modified 1975 Japanese life table.
    Download PDF (414K)
  • Shigenori MAKINO, Senjun TAIRA, Syogo MIYATA
    1979 Volume 45 Issue 5 Pages 189-196
    Published: 1979
    Released: October 21, 2011
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    The present paper deals with the regional differences in maternal mortality rates and the factors involved in them in Gifu Prefecture. The results obtained are as follows: 1. There were found the regional differences in maternal mortality rates for the period 1964-1976. 2. Maternal mortality rates were lowest in the age group 20-24, but increased at ages 35 and over. 3. Maternal mortality rates were negatively correlated with birth rates and the percent population served by public water supply system. On the other hand, the rates were positively correlated with the proportion of delivery at ages 35 and over, the proportion of out-of-institution delivery, and the percent population engaged in the primary industries. 4. Since above valiables associated with the maternal mortality rates, showed a significant correlation with one another, the partial and multiple coefficients were calculated. These observations indicated that the rates were closely related to the proportion of delivery at ages 35 and over the proportion of out-of-institution delivery.
    Download PDF (1031K)
  • Kyoko WATANABE, Reiko UEDA
    1979 Volume 45 Issue 5 Pages 197-203
    Published: 1979
    Released: June 28, 2010
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    This paper discusses similarities and differences of behavioral development between boys and girls in preschool years. The samples were selected from children who were born in 1972 within the jurisdiction of K Health Center in Tokyo. They have been observed since they were three months of age. The data were analyzed when the infants were 3, 4, 6 and 9 months of age, and when they were 1, 2, 3 and 4 years of age respectively. The results are as follows: 1) Sex differences were found in some items of behavioral development, as well as habits and developmental problems. 2) The differences, which are significantly related to the mother's educational level, were found in some developmental areas, such as language and fine motor. (adaptive development) 3) Language developmental items at two years of age were related to both the child's sex and the mother's education. 4) It was found that the mothers' perception of child-rearing practices changed as her child grew. From these results, it is suggested that not only biological factors, but also sociocultural factors, which direct the child's behavior through child - rearing practice, should be considered in understanding differences of behavior between boys and girls. This paper discusses similarities and differences of behavioral development between boys and girls in preschool years. The samples were selected from children who were born in 1972 within the jurisdiction of K Health Center in Tokyo. They have been observed since they were three months of age. The data were analyzed when the infants were 3, 4, 6 and 9 months of age, and when they were 1, 2, 3 and 4 years of age respectively. The results are as follows: 1) Sex differences were found in some items of behavioral development, as well as habits and developmental problems. 2) The differences, which are significantly related to the mother's educational level, were found in some developmental areas, such as language and fine motor. (adaptive development) 3) Language developmental items at two years of age were related to both the child's sex and the mother's education. 4) It was found that the mothers' perception of child-rearing practices changed as her child grew. From these results, it is suggested that not only biological factors, but also sociocultural factors, which direct the child's behavior through child - rearing practice, should be considered in understanding differences of behavior between boys
    Download PDF (744K)
  • Nobuo Matsumoto, Mitsuru Sakuma
    1979 Volume 45 Issue 5 Pages 204-214
    Published: 1979
    Released: June 28, 2010
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (1212K)
  • Hideko SHIOBARA
    1979 Volume 45 Issue 5 Pages 215-219
    Published: 1979
    Released: February 25, 2011
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Concerning research after 1955, the author recently observed the differences between the groups of the income brackets and the economical situation of households in regards to health and medical expenses. The auther wants to pursue research concerning an introduction on the influence of health and medical expenses on national life and national health. Along with this, she wants to do an overview on researching trends in percentages of health and medical expenses on the household economy, and the differences in the classifications in the yearly income quintile groups. From around 1965 to the present, the percentage of health and medical expenses has increased among the people of the lower and middle income brackets. In comparison to other years, the cost of health and medical expenses has gone up considerably in 1975. Within the five income classifications, the cost of health and medical expenses has risen to approximately \2000 per month in 1970, for those in income brackets II, III, IV, and V. However, for those in income bracket I, health and medical expenses reached the same level as those in the other brackets, five years later, in 1975. The differences in the yearly income quintile groups were examined from the perspective of the highest and lowest amount of monies put out by the people to pay for their health and medical expenses. Examining these differences that were magnified, and looking at them from this aspect, we looked back to 1975, and were able to see a decrease in the amount of monies put out by the yearly quintile groups. However, in regards to health and medical expenses among the differences in the yearly income quintile groups, the biggest difference was between groups I and V, in 1975. Concerning those in the low-income bracket, we can see that the fixed health and medical expenses are increasing at a faster rate than the people's income, which remain the same. It is thought that one of the reasons people in the low-income bracket become destitute, is due to the increasing fixed, monthly costs that are required for getting health and medical care.
    Download PDF (594K)
feedback
Top