The object of this study aimes to find out the conditions of comfortable clothing of farm work under the climate which shows marked change by seasons, and to set up the wearing standards to keep healthful living in Akita area. The survey was carried out on 105 farm women at 11 districts in rural area of Akita prefecture. Each subject was examined by questionnaire about her wearing clothes on a work day and on an off-day of June 1982, and was compared between both the days. The following results were obtained. 1. The subjects wore their clothes by their feelings against the indoor temperature . Thus, most of the people did not complain of discomfort in house . However, the complaints of discomfort increased at outdoor owing to the difference of adaptability to the outdoor temperature. So the adjustment of the wearing form of the clothes was needed using comple mentary clothes. 2. Most frequent number of pieces of working clothes wearing among the subjects was 10, and that of the daily clothes was 7 . Average number of complementary clothes was different by the districts. 3. The difference of the total weights between the working clothes and the daily clothes was highly significant below the level of 1% of the risk . Most of the difference was based on those of the complementary clothes and the footwears . 4. The relationship between the weight of the garments and the warmth correlated negatively for both the daily and the working clothes at the indoor and the outdoor temper atures. Also the weight and the numbers of the garments correlated highly positive for both the daily clothes and the working clothes . 5. As for the distribution of the weight and the numbers of the garments at the parts of body, marked difference was not seen by the by the parts of trunk, However, the weight of the footwear differed significantly on foot back between the working and the daily garments. 6. From the above mentioned results, the standard garment to keep comfortable out door work for this climate of June in Akita area at about 20.8°C of outdoor temperature will be a combination of 10 kinds of clothes including upper, lower and one-piece garments and complementary clothes. The total weight of the above mentioned garments amounts to about 1914 g in average.
The present study aims at identifying characteristics of non-respondents in a longitudi nal comprehensive observation of community elderly residents . The subjects were 422 elderly adults (197 males, 225 females) living at home in Koganei City, Tokyo. They res ponded to a comprehensive health survey in 1976 when they were aged from 69 to 71 years.They were followed up in 1981, 5 years later. Out of the 422 elderly, 213 responded to the follow-up survey (the respondents). One hundred and nineteen did not respond (the nonrespondents), although they were alive and living at home. The 116 non-respondents were interviewed at home. A one-fourth random sample of them were also examined medically at home. The differences were observed between the respondents and the non-respondents concerning the variables both at ages 69-71 and 74-76. The results obtained were as follows: 1) No difference was found between the respondents and the non-respondents as for the variables at age 69-71 for males. On the other hand, levels of education, activities of daily living (ADL), social activities, and memory as measured by Benton Performance test at age 69-71 were significatly lower in the non-respondents than in the respondents for females. 2) Concerning the variables at age 74-76, the non-respondents had significantly lower levels of locomotion and serum albumin, and a significantly higher rate of lying ill at home for more than a week during the year prior to the the survey in both sexes. In males, left axis deviation in electrocardiograms was found significantly more commonly in the nonrespondents than in the respondents. Only females showed significantly lower levels of ADL, grip, social activities, and memory, and, further, significantly higher blood pressures and a higher rate of admission to hospital during the year prior to the survey in the non-respon dents. It could thus be concluded that physical, psychological and social deteriorations with advancing age were more pronounced in the non-respondents than in the respondents.
The variations of days of week were analyzed on live births and fetal deaths Kurume of Fukuoka Prefecture during 1975-7 and 1981-3. Live births on Sunday were 15.6% fewer in 1975-7 and 21.1% fewer in 1981-3 than expected number, and decreasing percent showed larger value year by year. National holiday had 6.1% fewer births than expected number in 1975-7 and 9.1% fewer in 1981-3. Live births on Saturday were 5-6% fewer than expected number. Live birth by place of birth were observed no differences of days of week. Spontaneous fetal deaths were fewer than expected number, but population size was small, so we will plan to analyze on more large population.
It has been considered that the first Japanese recommended dietary allowances announced officially in 1926. But we are introducing another report which can be believed to have been earlier recommendation than the former one . The report appeared in the bulletin of the Institute of Hygiene, Vol.2, published by the Department of Hygiene, Ministry of Home Affairs . In this report, the authors, Ryojun Tahara and Katsusaburo Suda, established?gproper diets for health?h(?gHoken Shokuryo?h), which meant recommended dietary allowances at that time . The?gproper diets for health?hwas established on the basis of the standard of Prof. Voit, Munchen University, with due regard to Japanese own dietary practice and Japanese people's body weights. It advocated that Japanese need 96gm protein , 20gm fat, and 450gm carbohydrate per capita per day. They reported also how to utilize this recommendation as an index for the evaluation of the nutritional survey in various types of work . Furthermore, they made an example of food constitution table, that was named“standard diets”, on the basis of the“proper diets for health”for the purpose of education to laymen. In some occasion, sample foods were shown in the institution as an activity of nutritional education . In the last paragraph of the report, they mentioned that the aim of this establishment of" proper diets for health"has recommended dietary allowances was racial eugenics for the Japanese to follow the western countries.