The present study aims to determine how dancing gives effects on the mood of the dancers where the performed dance is a free dynamic one accompanying high speed music called Kachasii dance. The subjects were 181 college students, 83 women and, 98 men A three-way factorial design was used where the variables were Dance (dance, non-dance), Sex (female, male), and Cultural Congruence (high, low). The mood state was measured with POMS (McNair, et al). Main findings were as follows: 1) Performance of Kachasii dance significantly raised vigor mood scores. There was, however, a three-way interaction among the variables, suggesting the complexity of the manner in which dancing gives effects on the mood state. 2) There was a significant Dance x Cultural-Congruence interaction as assessed in terms of Tension, Depression, Anger, and Confusion mood scores respectively. Students from outside Okinawa scored lower under Non-Dance condition than Dance condition as assessed in terms of these measures, while Okinawan students obtained lower scores under Dance condition. In other words, not dancing Kachasii led to lesser Tension, Depression, Anger, and Confusion for students from outside Okinawa (low Cultural-Congruence), whereas the same dance brought about reduction in the same measures for Okinawan students (high Clutural-Congruence). This interaction may be attributed to individual differences in familiarity with, or affinity to, Kachasii as part of folk culture 3) Dancing Kachasii definitely brought about increase in vitality and decrease in tenssion for, at least, Okinawan subjects who are familiar with it. Kachasii, thus, can be expected to enrich the mood of those who may become familiar with it as part of folk culture and give themselves a chance to engage in its performance.
To evaluate the relationships between life style and risk factors to cardiovascular diseases, we surveyed the life style of 206 women aged from 30 to 60 years living in urban and rural areas, and simultaneously conducted serum biochemical examinations. We analysed the correlations between biomedical variables and life style scales (developed by ourselves) mainly by multiple regression analysis. Obtained results are as follows. (1) In rural area, the mean value of the High Salt Intake scale was significantly higher than that of urban area, and the means were also higher on the Moral Obligation/Personsal Relationships and Tradition/Moderation scales and lower on the Exercise scale. In urban area, the mean values of the Meat/Fats and Western-Style Diet scales were significantly higher than those in rural area; means of the Culture. Motivation in Cooking, Exercise, Social Service, Extroversion and Voluntariness scales were also significantly higher. (2) The mean values of BMI, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, uric acid and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbAlc) in rural area were significantly higher than those in urban area, while the mean value of HDL-cholesterol was significantly higher in urban area. Nevertheless, all the mean values in two areas were within normal ranges. (3) Multiple regression analysis was conducted using biomedical variables as criterion variable and life style scales as explanatory variables. Several dietary habits scales were selected in the cases of BMI, systoric blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, cholesterol uric acid and HbAlc by the stepwise backward regression method. In the case of HDL-cholesterol as criterion, no dietary habit scales were selected. However, it was found that region was statistically significant. The Heredity-Based Health perception scale was selected in the cases of BMI, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and HbAlc. It is seemed to suggest the importance of health perception. (4)It is though that findings indicated the importance of health education to prevent cardiovascular diseases by improving life styles.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate health state of mentally retarded persons (MR) using health examination data and to discuss on preventive methods for chronic adult diseases among them. 338 adult MR accommodated in institutions were studied in physical and blood examinations and the results were compared with those of 7, 732 public officials. The result were as follows; 1) MR had lower abnormality rates of health examinations as compared with a general population. It may be due to relatively good control of life style among MR in institutions. 2) Young females of MR had higher abnormality rates of body weight, and serum total cholesterol, GOT, GPT, and γ-GTP, as compared with a general population. 3) Long term medication of neuroleptics may have adverse effects on liver function among MR. 4) Establishment of MR specific health care system for chronic adult diseases is necessary.
A path analysis model of burn out is proposed and applied to data from survey with the staff of institutions for mentally retarded people. The subjects of the survey were 596 staff who were directly responsible for the care of mentally retarded people at 32 institutions (both inpatient and outpatient institutions) for the mentally retarded in Hokkaido which had been in operation for more than 3 years. The items surveyed were general attributes of the subjects (sex, age, martial status), working conditions (number of days on duty per month, number of general and special bathing duties per week), burn out, coping, and stress. The results of analysis were as follows: 1) The age of the subject which is both a general attribute as well as a stressor, the number of days on duty per month, and the number of special bathing duties per week affected the positive and negative stress which are secondary factors, 2) The secondary factors determined the ways of coping in terms of problem solving, emotional adjustment and avoidance (problem-forcused forms of coping, emotional-forcused forms of coping, avoidance coping), 3) These ways of coping determined burn out, and 4) Positive and negative stress, which are secondary factors, strongly determined burn out. The importance of investigating direct and indirect effects of variables via path analysis is discussed.
For the purpose of knowing the actual condition of between-meal eating habit and the relationship between the habit and the dental caries in preschool children, we conducted a questionnaire survery. From the answers by questionnaire and caries prevalence in 26 preschool children and 50 primary school children, we obtained following results : Frequency of intake was higher in preschool children than in primary school children in regard to solid snack foods, solid sweets and sweet beverages. Considering these differences and other factors comprehensively, preschool children were considered to be exposed to risky condition compared to primary school children in view of dental caries attack. From the statistical analysis about preschool children using the correlation coefficient between dental caries and the between-meal eating habit, significant correlation was observed in the intake of green tea or ptisan, the regularity in intake, the liking for solid sweets, the liking for sweet beverages, the daily frequency of solid sweets, and the daily frequency of sweet beverages. From the statistical analysis using Fisher's exact probability test, it was suggested that the occasional or usual intake before bedtime, the strong liking for sweet beverage, the everyday intake of solid sweets and low frequency in intake of green tea or ptisan were considered to be risk factors influencing on dental caries occurrence in the preschool children.