Purpose : The purpose of this study was to examine the correlation between changes in body weight and lifestyle behavior before and after pregnancy. Methods : The study population was 180 women who had visited a local health center to bring their children for a health check-up (18 months or 3 years old) in “A” town, Chiba Prefecture in Japan. A questionnaire including change in body weight and lifestyle behavior was distributed to the mothers. Results : Among 92 respondents (51.0%), 67 mothers completed the study requirements. The mean age (y) and BMI (kg/m2) were 32.4 and 20.7, respectively. Although body weight did not significantly change during the period from 18 years old to pre-pregnancy, there was a significant increase 1.83 kg during the period from pre-pregnancy to the current survey time. However, 13.4% of the mothers retained their underweight status or were newly categorized as underweight. Weight gain was correlated with increase in their food intake reflected by regular eating and reducing the number of cigarettes, and weight loss was correlated with decrease in their food intake reflected by irregular eating and increasing the number of cigarettes. Conclusion : Study results showed that women who were in the life stages of pregnancy, childbirth and child care, have health related problems not only related to becoming obese but also to becoming underweight. Lifestyle behaviors such as eating habits and smoking seem to be correlated with body weight changes. Health promotion strategies not only for children but also for their mothers will be needed.
Objective : The present study aimed to clarify relationship between children's habit of eating fish and Opisthorchis viverrini (O. viverrini) infection in central-southern rural area of Laos. We examined the influence of parent's habit of eating fish on children's habit of eating fish. Methods : September to November in 2006, we selected 59 paired children which was composed of case (with O. viverrini infection) and control (without O. viverrini infection) groups. Face to face interviews were executed to 118 children's parents about fish eating habit of both children and parents, especially about habit of eating raw fish. Results : Children in the case group was more frequently eating raw fish than those in the control group. Similarly, preference and frequency of eating raw fish in the case group's parent were significantly higher than those in the control group. Significant positive relationships between children and their parents were observed about preference and frequency of eating raw fish in both groups. However, concerning experience of eating raw fish, positive relationships were observed only in the case group. Thus, frequency of eating raw fish in parents gave the strongest influence on the frequency of eating raw fish among children Conclusion : Based on these results, it was suggested that parent's habit of eating fish might influence children's habit of eating fish. Especially parent's habit of eating raw fish would be considerable risk factor for children's O. viverrini infection.
Objective : This study is intended to examine the relationship between the past experiences of domestic violence and anger in a sample of Mexican adolescents who take social protection. Methods : Cross-sectional self-report data were obtained from a sample of 49 adolescents of both genders who live in a group home for street children. Anger feelings of these children were measured with The State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory for Children on Spanish version (STAXI-N). Results and Discussion : The percentage of female adolescents with violent experiences from male parent or female parent was significantly higher than that of male adolescents. Girls with violent experiences from mother were in a significantly higher state of anger compared with inexperienced girls. Girls with experiences of witnessing domestic violence between parents were more likely to restrain anger actions compared with girls who don't have such experiences. It should be necessary to seek a place of new learning opportunities for each gender group, as well as to offer individual care based upon his/her particular family experience.