This is one of the series of studies examing the assumption that levels and styles of living (LSL) consist of several interrelated components, i.e., economic, social-cultural, health and social psychological ones. My previous study had revealed that death rate caused by vascular disease and infant mortality rate were representative of the aspect of urbanization of LSL in 1965 and PMI and death rate caused by malignant neoplasm, that of gerontolization. In the present study, these indices were correlated at the prefectural level with res ponse rates on the 79 social attitude survey items by NHK Public Opinion Research Institute in 1978. In spite of a time lag of 13 years, those representative health indicators were highly correlated with social attitude at the prefectural level : The more prefectures were urban ized, the less were people living there conservative and local-minded, and the more gerontolized, the stronger was emphasis of blood relations and traditional-stable life behavior orientations.
At the time before World War Two, the physical constitution of school children (PCSC), i.e., height, weight, girth, etc., in the Kyushu district, (one of the main islands in Japan), was almost the same as that of the national average. After the 'War, PCSC throughout Japan, continued to improve until recently, as a result of the increases in the standard of living. However, the mean PCSC of seven prefectures in the Kyushu district have been found to be lower than that of the national average. It was also found that the levels of nutri tional intake, which is considered to deeply affect physical growth, have been lower in the Kyushu district than those in the other districts. So, in this study, the annual values of PCSC reported from the Education Ministry and of nutritional intake as calculated from the National Nutrition Survey carried out by the Welfare Ministry, is compared between the Kyushu district, with those of the national average, the Okinawa and Kagoshima prefectures and the Shikoku district. The results obtained are as follows; 1) The annual average height of school children, aged 15 years, were lower in all the prefectures of the Kyushu district than in the other districts throughout Japan during the years 1964-1976. The average height in the Okinawa prefecture were lower than those in the Kyushu district. 2) When data from the National Nutrition Survey was compared to PCSC, it was found that in 1964 and 1967, both mean values of nutritional intake and PCSC for children, aged 17 years, were lower in the districts of Kyushu and Shikoku, (another main island in Japan that neighbors Kyushu), than those in the other districts. 3) The results of the Farmer's Nutrition Survey, carried out annually by the Agriculture and Forestry Ministry shows that levels in the Kyushu district were lower than those throughout the whole country. This finding supports the differences in nutritional intake between the Kyushu district and the other districts, as reported in the National Nutrition Survey. 4) The cohort values of height of school children, aged 17 years in the year 1975, were calculated from the annual results of the Education Ministry and compared between the national average, the Okinawa prefecture, and the Kagoshima prefecture, with the lowest PCSC vlaues in the seven prefecture in the Kyushu district. The difference between the Kagoshima prefecture and the national average, and the Okinawa prefecture were already observed at the age of 5-6 years, and continued to the age of 17 years. 5) Annual mean values of heights of children, aged 5 years, were compared between national average and th Kagoshima prefecture. Those in the Kagoshima prefecture showed a trend of approaching the national average as time passed. The above facts suggest that the difference in PCSC between the Kyushu district and the whole country will decrease and probably disappear in the near future. However, that does not appear to be the case of the Okinawa prefecture.
The trends of food consumption pattern in last 30 years were showed on a Two Dimensional Spatial Diagram of Food Consumption. This diagram is a kind of correlation diagram which is composed by two axes of food characteristics. These characteristics, i.e., the omnivorousness of the first factor and the type of traditional vs modern food of the second which are deduced in terms of principal factor analysis using data of National Nutrition Survey 1971. This statistical method has been reported already as the numerical food ecology. During 30 years after the Second World War, the trends of food consumption pattern were divided into three terms; in the first term (1949-1961) food consumption pattern was almost stable, in the second term (1962-1971) there was an apparent change that amounts of cereals decreased widely and contrariwise the amounts of fruits, vegetables, meat and fish etc. increased and in the third (1972-1978) the food consumption pattern shifted into the modern food type. When we inspected the relationship between the food consumption pattern and economic status, we were able to find that food consumption pattern had changed as to the first factor together with economic growth especially in the second term. And the modernization of food consumption pattern had processed steadily throughout the second and third terms. As mentioned above, it has become clear that the two-dimensional spatial diagram of food consumption is available to practical problems.