Physical standards, for example, stature or chest-circumference, established for different region, occupation or degree of intelligence differ significantly from each other. The difference can be accounted for by assuming different mixture ratio of eurysome, mesosome and leptosome types. So the establishment of physical standard for each body type is more convenient than for the region and the occupation respectively. As neither the body type nor the relative chest-circumference depends on the body weight, we can use the relative chest-circumference as the index of the body type. Asstftning a limit value of the relative chest-circumference for eurysome type, we established the standard values of this type (Table 3). In this table of the stature is smaller and the chestcircumference larger than the corresponding standard for the mixture of three body types while the body weight retains the same value. These standard values may be comparable with ones for other countries
1. A high altitude colony of Nobeyama was subjected to general survey, with regard to inhabitability, by a team of medical men with Hukuda as the leader. 2. This community is situated on the eastern slope of Mt. Yatugadake at 1, 300-1, 400m. above sea-level. The colonization Occurred after the war, 4 chobu being allotted to each family. 3. Some of the families have stabilized with sufficient labour power and skill of cultivation. But others are on the limit of existence. Engel index is mostly around 801 4. Special aid and guidance as well as organization of some kind are necessary to lead high-altitude colonization to a success. With such suitable measures high-altitude areas above 1000m. throughout Japan may be made to support a proportion of the population.