By using Koike's method of classification, studies were made on the fingerprints of the inhabitants, 1, 141 males and 1, 358 females, of Nasu-gun, Tochigi Prefecture. The results are summarized as follows: (1) The fingers in which the types S. and OW showed the highest and second highest incidences, respectively, were the middle and small fingers of the right hand and the middle and small fingers of the left hand in males, and all the fingers other than the ring fingers of either hands in females. The fingers in which there were the highest and second highest incidences of OW and S respectively, were the ring fingers of either hands both in males and females. (2) Incidences of all the types of fingerprints in each finger were almost the same in males and females, and in the right hand as in the left, with slight exceptions. The type B occurred most often in the index finger, the type S in the small or middle finger, the type ODS in the thumb and type OW in the 4th finger. (3) In fingers in which there were differences in the incidence of the type of fingerprint between the right and left hands, the incidences of the types B, S, and ODS were higher in the left hand than in the right, while the type OW occurred in greater number in the right hand than in the left. In the middle finger in females, however, the incidence of the type S was higher in the right hand than in the left, and the incidence of the type OW was higher in the left hand than in the right. (4) When the incidences of all the types of finger prints in each finger were examined, there were some fingers which showed differences in incidence of the type of fingerprint due to sex. In these fingers the incidences of the types B, S and ODS were higher in females, while the incidence of the type OW was higher in males. (5) When the incidences of all the types of fingerprints in the five fingers of a hand were examined, there were some hands which showed differences in the incidence of the type of fingerprint between males and females. In these hands the incidences of the types B, S and ODS were higher in females, and the incidence of the type OW was higher in males. (6) In the incidence of the type of fingerprint in each hand, the inhabitants of Nasu-gun were in the intermediate position between the inhabitants of South Kanto and Tohoku Districts; in both males and females the incidence of the type B was higher in Nasu-gun than in South Kanto District, and lower in Nasu-gun than in Tohoku District, in males the incidence of the type OW was higher in Nasu-gun than in Tohoku District, though there was no significant difference in the incidence of this type between Nasu-gun and South Kanto District, while in females the incidence of this type was higher in Nasu-gun than in Tohoku-District, and lower in Nasu-gun than in South Kanto District, and there was not much difference between these districts in the incidence of the type S.
This village is by the beech, and is one of the largest orange-raising villages of central Japan. It was studied carefully on the spot. The conclusions are as follows: 1. There are more females than males among 1090 married people (including the divorced and those who lost their Partners). 2. Excepting the period of this lost war, the marriage situation showed a comparativety constant condition. 3. The marriage-age was quite early during the Meiji period, but it is becoming later according to the passing of years. 4. As to the study of the separation, among the dead, more husbands died than wives. 5. The marriage in villages has as one of its purposes the increase of labor power. And those who were divorced marry again the majority are husbands marrying again & women marrying for the first time.
Investigating the effect of therapy which was administered for 211 neurosis that visited at the Medical School of Gifu and the Toyooka Public Hospital, the following results are obtained. 1. All of the symptoms the patients showed, were insomnia, somatic and psychoneurotic complains. Insomnia and psychoneurotic complaints are more affected by therapy than somatic complaints and this result shows a significant difference by the X2-test. 2. The patients of the Medical School of Gifu were compared with those of the Toyooka Pub. Hosp., and the patients of the latter were more highly affected than the patients of the former by therapy, with a significant difference. The above-mentioned result is due to two facts. Firstly in the aforesaid two materials there is a different frequency between the numbers of the respective neurosis that we divided into seven groups, namely relatively many compulsive neurosis are included in the material of the Medical School of Gifu, on the other hand in the material of the Toyooka Pub. Hosp. reactive depressions are contained in large numbers respectively. Secondly in the material of the Medical School of Gifu the patients whose condition of illness is fixed and who visit psychiatrist from hand to hand are contained relatively in large numbers. 3. Existence of a motive has no influence on the effect of therapy of neurosis. 4. The neurosis with character-anomaly or mental defect are inclined to have no effect by therapy, and only in the neurosis with character-anomaly there is a significant difference. 5. In neurasthenia, conversions-hysteria, hypochondria and anxiety-neurosis the period from falling sick to visiting the psychiatrist has no influence on the effect of therapy, on the other hand in compulsive neurosis and reactive depression this period has an influence on the effect of therapy, and there is a significant difference between the patients with the short period and the patients with the long period. In sensitive reaction this period has an influence on the effect of therapy, but there is no significant difference. 6. As to the effect of therapy there is no difference between the patients with psychopathological traits, the patients without psychopathological traits which are limited to siblings, parents and children.
The blood pressure of part-time, night high school (for youth with occupations) boys (276) and girls (277) was measured and the result was compared with that of full-time, day high school boys (613) and girls (394), as a part of studies on hypertensive tendency in youth. The blood pressure of night high school pupils was measured in the evening from 6 to 8, and that of day high school pupils in the morning from 9 to 12. Therefore, in exact meaning it is not right to compare the blood pressure level of the pupils of these different schools. However, it seems the blood pressure level is higher in night high school pupils than in day high school pupils. The results of measurements of the physique, inclination tests and personality inventory tests of these high school pupils of the night-school group and the day-school group were compared. Some significant positive correlations were recognized between the physique and the blood pressure. However, the blood pressure level of the night high school pupils seems higher than that of day high school pupils, though the former were smaller in length and in width than the latter. There was no difference of blood pressure level between the group of pupils with and that without oCcupation, and between the group of pupils with physical work and that with sedentary work of night high school.
Reporting the present system and situation of “Health Counselling Unit” of the branch hospital of the University of Tokyo, the significance of the activity of health counselling unit in hospital was discussed. Regarding technique applied for health counselling carried out in the unit, directive as well as non-directive counselling seemed to be equally essential. About the management of health counselling, the referal systeur of counsellee to clinical consultation, medical social.: work, activity of preventive medicine etc should carefully be established, and close team approach among these referal units are extremely imporant. In addition to the health counselling, the unit is also active in home extension service of medical care. Through all cases concerned in this kind of service, it was thought that counselling toward the family of case is very important so as to make the service more effective. As a conclusion, the authors consider that every hospitalshould have health counselling unit as a part of health guidance unit, and that the health, guidance uuit also can offer home extension service of medical care in orderto establish comprehensive health care which is said to be a diserable type of health and medical care.