The purpose of this study was to investigate the situation and relevant factors related to the unbalanced diet of 1,161 preschool children aged from 3 to 6 years in Shizuoka City in October, 2005. The findings of the study were as follows : 1 The prevalence of an unbalanced diet was about 60% in the 3 to 4-year-olds and about 40% in the 5 to 6-year-olds. 2 Among the 3 to 4-year-olds, those with an unbalanced diet had a higher proportion of children with the cavity and a slender build. However, among the 5 to 6-year-olds, having an unbalanced diet had a small effect on the children's physique and health. 3 Among the 3 to 4-year-olds, a delay in weaning and improper selection of food and cooking methods during infancy affected the prevalence of an unbalanced diet. 4 Children with an unbalanced diet tended to have an erratic lifestyle or lack independence. 5 Mothers of children with an unbalanced diet had low concern and took less practical steps with regard to their children's eating habits. These results revealed the necessity of providing support to mothers about weaning and children's lifestyle and eating habits in order to reduce the number of children with an unbalanced diet. Thus, it is important to provide the support according to the dietary awareness and child-rearing attitude of mothers.
This research examined the experiences in the workplace, and factors relevant to work motivation and depression, of patients in Japan with Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD), with the goal of clarifying the best way to support their work and mental health. Initial interview results achieved with 19 IBD patients, guided the development of an anonymous questionnaire which was distributed to 3,794 patients by mail. Valid responses were obtained from 2,009 patients. We analyzed the results with a focus on patients currently in a job. IBD patients with a job experienced 5 categories of typical difficulties in their day-to-day work life, and which had high degree of burden. The severity of difficulties was greater in patients who had retired within the past year, than it was in patients currently in work. In particular, difficulties that influenced patients' performance at work and in their careers, and the association between work that affected the physical condition and health care behavior of patients and the lack of work-related sensitive considerations' were strongly correlated or had a tendency to be correlated with the patients' work motivation and depression ; this applied to patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) or Crohn's disease (CD). Difficulties were associated with greater depression, while number of social support network (SSN) and post-traumatic growth (PTG) were associated with greater work-motivation or lower depression in both types of IBD patients. These results indicated the importance of the improvement of mental health of IBD patients in Japan, along with the reduction or elimination of difficulties at work, with particular attention to SSN and PTG.