In recent years, much attention has been given to the problem of the association of lifestyle with chronic disease. In this report, cerebrovascular disease, reported in male/femaleStandardized Mortality Rates (SMR), was correlated with family income and expenditures, as calculated in 18 categories. Data was grouped as being either from the eastern part or the western part of Japan. The results obtained were as follows: For both sexes, SMRs were higher in the eastern part of Japan than in the western part. Throughout Japan, 4 of the 18 categories were observed as being most significant. These categories concerned expenditures for a) dried and salted fish, b) condiments, and c) cakes, fruits and beverages, and d) social expenses. In all of these categories, expenditures were higher in the eastern part than in the western part of Japan. Throughout Japan, there was a significant correlation for both sexes between the categories and SMR. For both sexes, the correlation between SMR and expenditures for dried and salted fish was higher in the eastern than in the western part of Japan. For both sexes, the correlation between SMR and expenditures for cakes was higher in the eastern than in the western part of Japan. part of Japan. For both sexes, the correlation between SMR and expenditures for condiments was higher in the western than in the eastern part of Japan. Both consumption rate, and the relationship between SMR and family expenditures differ in the eastern and western parts of Japan. Correlations are therefore obscured if they are not analyzed separately for the two regions.
An index for evaluating acceptability of food article in a population has been not so much attempted. Therefor in order to establish an index for Food Acceptability, "Index for food Acceptability by Frequency" was proposed in termed of accounting number of food consumed in respective households. The computional formula for the index is defined as the following. Index for F.A.F. =100/N (N logs, N -Σ ni logs ni)where ni is frequency of the food article consumed in the target household (i) during the three-days, N are the total number of frequency of the article: N =Σni, and S are the number of all households. In the process of counting foods, food articles were grouped into 89 food items. This index will always take a value from 0 to 100. A value of F.A.F. =100 will occure when food article are consumed by all households in the same frequency. Hence a value of the index approach to 100 in proportion with increase of food acceptability in a population. If the article is consumed by only a household, a value of the index obtain zero. Since this index should indicate a standardized value for acceptability, the index should be able to compare with difference of acceptability of foods between regional groups. By the results applied to food consumption data which the subjects consist of 56 households in Gifu City, it was suggested that the index included information connected with both the number of consumed households and diversity of frequency in households.
We compared the Color Choice Test data of Chiang Mai University Students with the norm data of Japanese university students. The results obtained were as follows: (1) When they chose bright colors, Thai students preferred cold colors to warm ones. When they cose dark colors they preferred ward colors to cold ones, while in the case of achromatic colors they preferred white or black to gray colors. (2) For negative feeling words, both countries' students chose almost the same colors, but for positive feeling words, there were some differences. (3) Thai students had images for the words "parent" and "mother" slightly different from those Japanese students had. (4) There was much difference in color images for concrete words between Thai and Japanese students. The results of this comparative study suggest that the Color Choice Test would be useful as one of methods for approaching and understanding a community.
The serial study on health examination concerning with cardiovascular checks were carried out from 1976 to 1983 on 3, 437 boys in an junior and senior high school in Tokyo metropolitan. Systolic blood pressure (S.B.P) of 140 mmHg and/or more and diastolic blood pressure (D.B.P) of 90 mmHg and/or more were employed as the standards for moderate hypertension. S.B.P of 150 mmHg and/or more and D.B.P of 90 mmHg and/or more were also employed as the standards for hypertension. The results were as follows: 1) The proportion of the pupil diagnosed to hypertension was 8.4% in junior and 11.2% in senior. The junior high school boys of 0.1% and the senior of 1.4% have kept hypertensive blood pressure for three years. A significant difference was recognized between both proportional insidences. 2) Abnormal ECG was found in 19.2% in junior and 26.1% in senior according to the modified Minnesota Code Criteria. Right axis deviation, P-R prolongation, left high voltage, incomplete RBBB were highly found as slightly abnormal ECG, and then sinus tachycardia, junctional ST depression, flat T wave, occasional exrasystole were more found in hypertension group than in normotension. 3) Through screening examination on about 5, 919, 3 times of 1, 973 boys, ECG findings had revealed abnormality in 136 boys, who were examined on their ECG change by the load test of Master's two steps and other physical findings from 1980 to 1982. Eight pupils of 136 had to be controlled in their daily physical activities. However, as the abnormal ECG findings are usually reversible in boys, the control for their physical activity should be renewed at every month with repeated intensive follow up examination. 4) Twelve patients with congenital heart disease (0.35%), two cases with acquired heart disease (0.06%), a case of idiopathic cardiomyopathy (0.03%), twelve cases with the past history of rhuematic fever (0.35%), three cases with the past history of Kawasaki disease (0.09%) were found from 3, 437 boys by this health examination during these eight years. 5) These boys with positive familial history of hypertension, obesity, stressful personality, and less training of physical exercise were suggested to be associated with development of hypertension. According to the follow up study of boys for six years, the juniors whose height had highly increased had relatively high blood pressure, on the other hand, the seniors whose weight had highly increased had shown the hypertensive conditions. 6) The submaximal treadmill test had the burden more sever for cardiovascular of the hypertensives than the normals. It is likely to be the interesting findings that the hypertensive boys who had the training of physical exercise showed the less increased pulse in treadmill test and the more rapid recovery from elevated blood pressure than those without the physical training.