Stature, body weight, maximum glabello-occipital length, maximum cephalic breadth, anatomical face length, face breadth, height of nose and length of nasal bone of 1166 men and women of age 50 to 69 years at a farm and a fishing village of northern Japan were measured in order to carry out a comparative study on the human facial cranial components, especially on external nose forms. These data were analyzed and discussed by the epidemiological procedures. The results follow : (1) Stature, maximum glabello-occipital length, anatomical face length, facial index of Kollman, height of nose, length of nasal bone, relative height of nose and ratio of nose height to stature are significantly larger for men of the fishing village than of the farm village, but maximum cephalic breadth, cephalic index and face breadth are significantly larger for the latter. (2) Stature, body weight, anatomical face length, facial, index of Kollman, height of nose, length of nasal bone, relative height of nose, relative length of nasal bone and ratio of nose height to stature are significantly larger for women of the fishing village than of the farm village, but maximum cephalic breadth, cephalic index and face breadth are significantly larger for the latter.
We investigated epidemiologically about 517 foetal deaths —210 spontaneous and 307 artificial foetal deaths—which occured during the period from 1959 through 1964 in Nishi-Usuki district, Miyazaki Prefecture, Kyushu, Japan . (Population : 52, 084) The following results were obtained : 1) The total births (live births puls stillbirths) in Nishi-Usuki district (1959-1963) is 5, 555. The number of spontaneous and artificial foetal death is 183 and 266. The foetal death rate is 80.8%. The rate in the whole country is higher than that of . Nishi-Usuki district, and the rate in Miyazaki Prefecture is higher than that of the whole country. The spontaneous foetal death rate is 32.9%. The order : the whole country, Miyazaki Prefecture, Nishi-Usuki district. The artificial foetal death rate is 47.9%. It is nearly equal to the rate in the whole country, and lower than the rate in Miyazaki Prefecture. 2) Annual Variations : The increase of the total foetal death rate due to the sudden increase of artificial foetal death in 1961 is very noticeable. 3) Mother's age : The peak of foetal death rate occures at age 30; in the case of spontaneous deaths between 25 and 30; and for artificial deaths about 35 years old. (Deeming the total foetal deaths to be 100%, the percentage of foetal deaths for each age calculated.) 4) Months of pregnancy : The peak is in 5th month (national average ……6th month). For spontaneous foetal death, the peak is in the 8th month (national average …… 6th month). For . artificial foetal death, the paek is in 5th month, and is the same as the national average. 5) Month of birth : Although not remarkable, the peak is around October. It is nearly equal to the case of the national statistics. The peak in the spontaneous deaths is about February. The peak in the artificial deaths is about August. 6) Regional variations : In Kamino, the spontaneous foetal deaths rate is low and the artificial foetal death rate is high, while in Gokase both the spontaneous and artificial foetal death rate are rather low. 7) Countermeasures : More complete and timely health guidance to pregnant mothers is necessary in areas where spontaneous deaths are high such as Hinokage. Education in birth control methods should be improved in areas, such as Kamino, where the artificial foetal death rate is high.
Recently the hypertention of young men is much discussed. It is a very good idea, if it is possible to search out some students of Latent Hypertention through the screening test. As for the purpose of searching, Hines and Brown method is used. At first we soak the right hand in the iced water at 4'C, and measure the blood pressure after one minute. The cold pressure test admits positive when the maximal blood pressure rises over 20mmHg and when the minimal blood pressure rises over 15mmHg. We meassured the blood pressure of 1085 collegian of the age 18-19, in 1964-67, their maximal blood pressure ; the average is 117, 4mmHg, their standard deviation 11.0mm ; and the minimal blood pressure 71.3mmHg and their standard deviation 12.0mmHg. The cooling test was examined then with the 24 collegian, whose blood pressure was over 130mmHg. As for the maximal blood pressure test, none of them rise over 20mmHg ; as for minimal blood pressure test, 5 persons rises over 15mmHg (20.9%). The cooling test was examined with the 111 collegian, whose blood pressure was obout 117mmHg. As for the maximal blood pressure it admits 13 persons (11.7%) rises over 20mmHg, and the minimal blood pressure in 67 persons (60, 4%) rises over 15mmHg. So the cooling test is not suitable for such screening test. In addition : Anthropological measurement of young women.
An attempt was made to construct differential diagnostic scales to discirimnate autistic children from mentally retarded and normal children. A list of 96 items covering various situations to which autistic children might react (cf Kanner, 1943; Asperger, 1944) were administered to three groups of mothers who had autistic children (N = 95) ; mentally retardates (N = 97), and normals (N = 90). Following statistical analyses (x2-test) of the results, 73 items were selected for Autistic-Mentally Retarded Discrimination Scale and 37 items for Autistic-Normal Discrimination Scale. For the use of differential diagnosis, cutting points for these scales were determined in terms of φ-coefficients.