This study investigated what degree the students helped in food life, understood study contents in the food area and were skillful for knife. The results are as follows : 1. Either the returned students or students in general did not much carry out their works in food life, for example meal planning and seasoning. 2. They did not quite understand about nutrition, menu, table setting, cutting and measurement in food area. 3. When they cut cucumber with knife, they had a individuality for the number of leaves and cutting position. The students who did not much help in their home life, were unskilled in spite of the returned students or not. 4. Homemaking teacher need to guide according to individual character of the returned students, considering the environment of education and life experiences abroad.
In today's highly information-oriented society, computers and various educational information technologies have been penetrated into the teacher training programs at university level as well as in-service teacher re-training programs. In fact, there exist high demands of trained teachers who could adapt themselves to the comming new technological environments. The Ministry of Education, school administrators, educators as well as the technicians in software/hardware industry are coping with this new tidal wave by creating their own educational concepts and technologies. However, their approaches and achievements seem to be relatively unsatisfactory in the local areas such as Okinawa, due to the inconveniences of it's geographical location. Therefore, the current problems in educational technology field in Okinawa are discussed from three different perspectives : 1) the teacher training programs at university level, 2) the in-service teacher re-training programs at university level, 3) the educational and technological assistance from the software/hardware industry. In this paper, the discussion is focused on the theme in 1) The results of research are as follows : 1. A student's performance in acquiring relevant information takes time, and the amount of information is also limited in volume. 2. A student's performance in computer operation and information processing is relatively unsatisfactory, due to the scarcity of methods in educational technologies as well as information resources. 3. A student feels uneasy in applying the learned educational methods and technologies after graduation. 4. A university should create new educational curricula to enhance a student's performance ability in computer operation, information acquisition and information processing.
The purpose of this study was to examine the awareness of a group of university students towards different social and domestic roles based on sex difference. The subjects were male and female students of the Faculties of Education and Technology, Kumamoto University, ho took part in questionnaire from May through June 1992. The major findings were as follows : 1.About 70% of the female students reacted negatively to the traditional male/female roles ; about 70% of the male students reacted positively to such roles. 2. A large male/female gaps was found in the their awareness of dividing household duties and of the situation of women working outside the home. Female students showed a positive attitude towards shared housework, child care, caring for the aged, and working women. The biggest difference between male and female was found in attitudes to working women, the second biggest difference related to shared household duties, child care and caring for the aged showing a comparatively smaller attitude difference between the sexes. 3.The students' awareness of the existing situation showed a clear difference. The traditional awareness towards social and domestic roles could have been fostered at school as well as in daily life situations. As a result, it would seem to be necessary to re-examine the elementary and secondary school curriculum in relation to male/female roles.
There are two hypotheses about the ability of observation : continuous theory and stepping theory. For the examination of these two hypotheses, in this investigation the observation of maple leaf was carried out by elementary school students from first grade till sixth grade and these results were analyzed. These results show the observation ability developing continuously on the stage of elementary school students, while they show few developments between fifth grade and six one in the case of observation by sight.
It was tried to make a subject matter of computer assisted instruction (CAI) for homemaking education using the LOGO computer language. The elements was extracted from learning unit of "making a small thing" described in a homemaking textbook for elementary school. The relationship between elements was examined through interpretive structural modeling method (ISM method) applied to the subject matter. The elements had learning hierarchy structures and were classified into cognition, affective, psychomotor domains. The subject matter of CAI made was aimed to realize the attitude toward practical capability which is an important behavioral objective of homemaking education. The LOGO computer language has structured algorithm and make it easy to prepare the subject matter of CAI with the assistance of the ISM method. A educational practice using the subject matter made was performed for the fifth grade pupils of elementary school. It was assumed that CAI performed would be effective to learn educational content including psychomotor domains.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relations among reflection-impulsivity and intelligence, school abilities. The Matching Familiar Figures Test (MFFT) was used to evaluate 99 male and 129 female 7th-grade students. The results were as follows : (1) The female group, compared with the male group, showed statistically significant tendencies to get higher reflective and efficient scores. (2) Having intelligence controlled and figuring out the partial correlation of each MFFT index and school ability, less significant differences were revealed. From these results, it can be shown that intelligence positively correlated with school ability. (3) Based on the response latency and the number of errors, the traditional quadrant median split was used to classify 4 groups of subjects that had different cognitive styles. The male reflective subjects showed higher school ability and intelligence than male impulsive subjects. The female reflective subjects showed higher school abilities than female impulsive subjects.