Background: Oral immunotherapy (OIT) for food allergy requires exercise restrictions following the regular consumption of allergens to prevent immediate symptoms. We investigated the efficacy and the safety of exercise provocation tests to assess exercise tolerance after consumption of allergens following OIT.
Methods: This study was based on data from patients who underwent exercise provocation tests with consumption of their allergen after OIT in Miyagi Children's Hospital between April 2012 and March 2019. The results of exercise provocation tests and patients' characteristics were retrospectively analyzed.
Results: Fifteen out of 91 patients were positive for exercise provocation tests. The positive rates were 12% (4/33) with egg, 15% (5/34) with cow's milk, and 25% (6/24) with wheat. Intramuscular adrenaline injections were administered to two patients with allergies to egg, one with cow's milk, and one with wheat.
Conclusion: Following OIT, the assessment using exercise provocation tests should be performed prior to termination of exercise restriction because some patients remain intolerant to exercise.
Background & aim: In the clinical field of food allergies, dietary management towards patients is done inadequately. One plausible reason for this is the possible deficiency of food allergy education during the training courses for registered dietitians. This time, we will investigate the actual situations of food allergy education practiced in the training courses of registered dietitians, and reveal the point at issue.
Method: We conducted a factual survey via mailing method towards registered dietitian and dietitian nutritionist training facilities throughout the whole country. The survey items include the existence of lectures or practical trainings about food allergies, the pre-graduate education of food allergies, and much more.
Results: We got answers from 213 facilities (collection rate 75%). Lectures about food allergies were conducted in 96% of the facilities, and the median of the lecture hour was 210 minutes. Similarly, practical trainings were conducted in 74% of the facilities, and the median was 90 minutes. The rate of people who strongly feel the need for food allergy education was 49%, and the rate for people who felt it was 50%. However, the rate of an ideal educational condition was 32%, and the rate of people who didn't have any plans of increasing the number of lectures and practical trainings were 82%. The major reasons for this were, the crammed condition of the curriculums, and the difficulties conducting lectures and practical trainings that span over several fields of expertise.
Conclusion: In the training courses of registered dietitians, the practice of food allergy education is hardly adequate, and the educational sites seem to recognize the problem, but they are also pessimistic regarding the improvement of the situation due to the difficult problems that were revealed in this survey. From now on, it is strongly expected for the government and its people to work together to improve the current situation.
Background: In 1986, the Ministry of Health and Welfare started an airborne pollen survey as part of measures against JC pollinosis. We reported the important tree pollen antigens in 2016. We have now estimated the longitudinal investigated results for successful prevention and treatment for allergic symptoms related to grass and weed pollen in Japan.
Method: Since July 1986 we have monitored airborne pollen, year- round, using a gravitational pollen sampler (Durham's sampler), at more than 20 locations across Japan. Specimens were mailed to our facility, where they were stained with Calberla solution, counted under an optical microscope, and converted to the number of pollen per square centimeter. For convenience the number of collected pollen were compiled every six months, with the January to June samples classified as spring pollen and the July to December as autumn pollen even same family.
Result: Total pollen counts at each location were extremely small compared to tree-pollen, averaging 73~650 pollen grains per year. The Sagamihara location had the greatest count. Unlike cedar and cypress there were no significant annual fluctuations, but grass and Ambrosia pollen counts are increasing in some regions. Spring grass pollen gave the largest count, at 30% of the total collected.
Conclusion: This indicated we need to examine the rinoconjuctivitis and oral allergy syndrome related to herbaceous pollen carefully.
The importance of airborne pollen surveys for the treatment of the patients with pollen allergies was suggested.