This paper aims to draw a comparison between some major regions and cities in Japan on the basis of an analysis of the number of performances presented by foreign artists from April 1990 through March 1991. Due to data limitation, the analysis covers only the regions of Hokkaido, Metropolitan Tokyo, Tokai, Kansai and Kyushu, and the major cities in those regions. While numerous analyses in Japanase urban research have been undertaken from a political and/ or economic standpoint, few have pursued a cultural perspective in a geographical context. Studies available on urban cultural areas quite often analyze only in terms of availability of related facilities and the like. In this sense, this study follows a relatively new viewpoint in investigating the attractiveness of cities and regions. Metropolitan areas owe their growth to more than just economic factors, and one must not overlook the other attractions they offer. The number of performances presented by foreign artists, as shown in this study, are just one of the many sources of metropolitan attractiveness. At the outset, the number of performances presented in the various regions and cities are enumerated. The results indicate that Tokyo (23 metropolitan wards) and its immediate environs had, predictably, the largest share of the numbers of performances; classical music concerts were predominant among them. The number of such performances presented in Osaka was fairly high, but it significantly trailed that of Tokyo. However, if the greater Osaka metropolitan area including Kobe and Kyoto is thought to be a considerable increase in the number of performances in the area was evident. Nagoya and Fukuoka are unlike Tokyo and Osaka in that they have no other major city in close proximity; however, they had not so many performances. Sapporo in contrast, had very few performances by foreign artists. 27.3% of all the artists from overseas presented performances exclusively in the Tokyo metropolitan area; only 17.5% of all artists presented their performances in both Tokyo and Osaka metropolitan areas. Only 14.2% of the artists from overseas bypassed the Tokyo metropolitan area. And the fact that 38.7% of the artists did not present their performances in Osaka explains the significant difference between the two cities. Thus, a significantly major portion of the performances presented by the foreign artists in Japan was in Tokyo. This phenomenon emphasizes a very high level of attractiveness of Tokyo commensurate with the drawing power of its great population. The overcentralization of Tokyo is not simply an economic and political phenomenon; it reaches far into the cultural dimension as well, as emphasized by the study findings. The differences in the number of performances between the cities and regions is positively correlated with their population. The correlation factor among the population, the number of performances, and the total number of days of performances were found to be quite high, as may be seen in the correlation graphs (Figs. 1 and 2).