地理学評論 Ser. A
Online ISSN : 2185-1735
Print ISSN : 0016-7444
67 巻 , 3 号
選択された号の論文の5件中1~5を表示しています
  • 井関 弘太郎
    1994 年 67 巻 3 号 p. 147-148
    発行日: 1994/03/01
    公開日: 2008/12/25
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 源 昌久
    1994 年 67 巻 3 号 p. 149-168
    発行日: 1994/03/01
    公開日: 2008/12/25
    ジャーナル フリー
    本稿の目的は,中国の近代化の契機といわれているアヘン戦争 (1840~1842年) から第二次世界大戦終了(1945年)までの期間,約100年間に日本の地理(学)書が中国地理学にどのような影響を与えたかを調査し,中国の近代地理学史研究にひとつの素材を提供することである.調査方法として,第1に,日本語の地理(学)書が中国語に訳されている状況を調査して,翻訳書誌を作成し,時系列,主題・原著者別等について分析を試みた.第2に,第二次世界大戦以前,中国の高等教育機関に属する5大学の図書館=および1国立図書館を取り上げ,それらの蔵書目録を点検し,地理学書および地理学関連領域の図書について,主として翻訳書の状況を調べた.第3に,西洋の近代地理学書が中国語に訳されている状況について,先行調査に基つきまとめた.第4に,中国で刊行された近代地理学書の1冊であるr新地学』(1933年刊)を紹介し,内容を検討した.
    その結果,次のことが明らかになった. 1840~1893年(揺籃期)においては外国人宣教師による漢訳西洋地理学書が刊行されていたが,中国の地理学に対して西洋の近代地理学は,影響を与えなかった. 1894~1912年(第1期)においては日本の地理(学)書が多数,中国語に翻訳された.これらの中国語訳地理(学)書は教科書ないしは啓蒙書の役割を果たした. 1913~1945年(第2期)においては中国近代地理学に対する学問的影響の面からみると日本より欧米の方が強力であった.しかし,日本の歴史地理学は,中国地理学界に強いインパクトを与えた.
  • 大城 直樹
    1994 年 67 巻 3 号 p. 169-182
    発行日: 1994/03/01
    公開日: 2008/12/25
    ジャーナル フリー
    The landscape of distinct cemeteries found in contemporary Okinawa, the islands of southern Japan, is closely connected with the monchu sytem, which is a patrilineal group social formation and functions as a social norm. Although it has generally been considered that this system was established by the ruling samurai class since the late period of seventeenth century monchu as observed currently should be distinguished from the historical one: it is an “invented tradition” (Hobsbawm, 1983) of the modern period. To interprete the dynamic relation between monchu as invented tradition and the cemetery as a cultural landscape, “cemetery” in this research note is grasped as not only a substantial artifact but also a “place”.
    I would like to consider “place”, not as a position within an objective cordinate system or depository of meaning, but rather as what lies between them as the two extremes of a spectrum and as an unstable and competitive domain, where various relations- are interwoven. Such a point of view is similar to that of Sack (1980), Entrikin (1991), and Daniels (1992). This perspective enables us to take up both consciousness of the subject in question and the “reality” constituting it. It also leads to an analysis of social process at work in the changing context of possible interaction between the subject and the place. Since we regard this constitutional aspect of place as important, the naive conceptualization of place-for instance, that it has a given essence or an authenticity-is denied.
    For fully exploring the cemetery as a place, it is necessary to take into account that the cemetery is a locus of memory of the dead for the living and that the memory is socially constructed. In this case, memory can be grouped into the two types: paradigmatic form, constrained by synchronicity, and syntagmatic form, which converges contingent paradigms to contiguous unity in a syntactic way with a certain grammar. Given the possibility of the interpretation that while the former form represents a burial place, the latter, a cemetery, we now identify the latter in the monchu system.
    A part of the relation between the subject and the cemetry can be shown by sense of place, which is formed by arbitrarily delimiting relations concerned with the place under consideration. In our case, it is notable that the norm of monchu allows such a delimitation. According to Tuan (1980), who set out a binary opposition of rootedness and sense of place, we in the modern world cannot experience rootedness. Therefore, rootedness itself cannot be an sich. Thus it is only a für sick set of representation which necessarily has sense of place as an oppositional term. This development of reflection leads us to the viewpoint that in the context of the rootedness-oriented monchu system, a cemetery is a locus, where a sense of place is experienced through common feeling of “imagined community” (Anderson, 1983) based on genealogical relations over time and space. It may be suggested that, like nationalism, the constitution of intention, in which a long arrow of time can become a motiva-tion of authorization, is no doubt a dynamism of the “modern period”; such a dynamism goes outward beyond the life-world over time and space.
  • 1994 年 67 巻 3 号 p. 183-200
    発行日: 1994/03/01
    公開日: 2008/12/25
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 1994 年 67 巻 3 号 p. 201-203,205_1
    発行日: 1994/03/01
    公開日: 2008/12/25
    ジャーナル フリー
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