Taiikugaku kenkyu (Japan Journal of Physical Education, Health and Sport Sciences)
Online ISSN : 1881-7718
Print ISSN : 0484-6710
ISSN-L : 0484-6710
Volume 11 , Issue 1
Showing 1-13 articles out of 13 articles from the selected issue
  • Type: Cover
    1966 Volume 11 Issue 1 Pages Cover1-
    Published: July 25, 1966
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
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  • T. NIWA, A. TAKEMURA
    Type: Article
    1966 Volume 11 Issue 1 Pages 1-8,1
    Published: July 25, 1966
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    To clarify the relationship between the group structure of athletic club and its member's attitude, 1270 students of about 160 athletic clubs were selected for this study. The study was administered by longitudinal methods from 1962 to 1965. The results obtained here were as follows: 1. The stronger their comradeship, the more similization in the attitude of club members. 2. The attitude formed by each individual was strongly influenced by the role and status in an athletic club. 3. The attitude of the person who has the power of deterring the norm of a club greatly affects group structure and the attitudes of its members. 4. High correlation between the structural pattern of norm and Member's attitude as found in this study.
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  • Keiichi Hanada, Hisanori Fujiyoshi, Masao Kawase
    Type: Article
    1966 Volume 11 Issue 1 Pages 9-16,1
    Published: July 25, 1966
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    To comprehend the image of a sportsman generally assumed, in the framework of space structure, 3889 samples were chosen at random from high-school students, their parents, and teachers of both sexes, all they were asked to respond to 30 questions. As the traits of sportsman-like character, we found some common answers such as Healthy, Enduring, Bright and Lively, regardless of their present or former sports experiences, except a few different response among teachers. Since some of its traits seemed to conditioned by traditional way of thinking and social backgrounds of the times, further intensive studies are necessary to generalize a sportsman-like character.
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  • H. Yamada, T. Iwami, K. Terada
    Type: Article
    1966 Volume 11 Issue 1 Pages 17-22,2
    Published: July 25, 1966
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Supposing that the visual function may involve the timing action which plays indispensable role in sports, so the authors intended to solve the relations between visual function and timing action by mastering the kinetic visual acuity which evaluate an ability to make a clear vision to the moving visual object. The following results were obtained from 36 professional baseball players. 1) On the variation in timing error accompanied with the change of speed of visual target, timing error was bigger when speed was slow. Furthermore, inspecting the individuality, degree of timing error in the case of slow movement of visual target showed nearly constant though the movement becomes fast, whereas the values of timing error in the case of fast movement of visual target showed variation when the movement became slow down. Therefore, it was supposed to find a clue in considering the faculty of timing from the results of timing error in the case of slow movement. 2) On the determination of relationship between the timing error and kinetic visual acuity by comparison two groups of inferior and superior tiersolls in timing error, decrease in the value of kinetic visual acuity was less in the group of superior and persons who showed less timing error than in the group of inferior persons. So the noticeable correlation was observed between the supero-inferiority of timing error and that of kinetic visual acuity. 3) On the consideration of which the comparison was made in the groups of superior or inferior in the kinetic visual acuity upon timing error superior group in kinetic visual acuity showed rather less change in timing error than the inferior group in kinetic visual acuity. So there seemed remarkable correlation between two functions. 4) On the relationship between the supero-inferiority of the kinetic visual acuity and the timing error when the speed of the moving target changed, higher correlation with both functions was observed in the case of slow speed, it was supposed that the act of making clear vision to the moving visual object was important when the speed was slow.
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  • T. Kusunoki
    Type: Article
    1966 Volume 11 Issue 1 Pages 23-27,3
    Published: July 25, 1966
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Measurement of leg strength has been an unexplored field of research in Japan. The author devised a leg dynamometer which was so designed as to enable to adjust the angle of knee joint in the sitting posture according to subject's leg length. It became possible to measure the maximum strength of leg extension accurately by this apparatus. It follows from the results obtained on the students of Yamanashi University that Leg strength is greater than either grip strength of both hands together or back lift. 2) There are rather greater individual differences and standard deviations. 3) Strength of right leg tends to be greater than that of the left.
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  • Leon E. Smith
    Type: Article
    1966 Volume 11 Issue 1 Pages 28-30,4
    Published: July 25, 1966
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    This study aims to clarify whether body-weight influences upon the magnitude of the relationship between strength and reaction time as usually believed by many athletic leaders. Reaction time under three experimental conditions, (1) leg standing, R.T.,(2) leg sitting, R.T., (3) leg "weight-less" R.T., and the leg strength of fifty young men, with an average age of 22, were recorded during one testing session. It appears to be true that correlation between reaction time and strength are too low to be used as a basis for the prediction of individual differences in reaction time from a knowledge of the subject's strength scores.
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  • Leon E. Smith
    Type: Article
    1966 Volume 11 Issue 1 Pages 30-31,4
    Published: July 25, 1966
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Purpose of this study was to determine whether the relationship between individual differences in body weight and explosive speed are highly correlated. Fifty college men with a mean age of 22 participated in the experiment. In light of the results of this study, it revealed that body weight cannot be used as a valid criterion in the prediction of maximal vertical speed.
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  • . Sato
    Type: Article
    1966 Volume 11 Issue 1 Pages 32-36,3
    Published: July 25, 1966
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    In order to study the degree of contribution of acquired muscle strength to the successful performance of the gymnastic "belly grind", some experimental programs for increasing the muscle strength were planned against the junior high school boys and girls who were in experienced and unsuccessful in that exercise even on low bar. Results were obtained as follows: 1) All of those who have took training of muscles which are especially needed for pulling by the upper limbs and elevation of the lower limbs have come to succeed in "belly grind". 2) The process of mastering it a was recorded simultaneously by means of elctro-myograph and cinematograph. The pattern of E.M.G.before success was rather similar to that after success, except of trapezius and brachial triceps. 3) It is assumed that the minimal muscle strength responsible for "belly grind" exists, while skill is also an important factor.
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  • M. Ito, K. Ito, K. Tanemura
    Type: Article
    1966 Volume 11 Issue 1 Pages 37-45,5
    Published: July 25, 1966
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    The Harvard Step Test as the circtlatory function test for youth has often been used in recent years. However, it has been said that the height of the bench is too high for female subjects. So, three kinds benches; 30, 35 and 40cm high, were used to test above mentioned opinion, and duration of the exercise were varied from 3 though 5 minutes. Then, expiratory gases, Oxygen-intake, E. C. G., blood pressure, heart-rate were examined during and after exercise. 1) Oxygen-consumption was increase with the increase of duration of exercise and with increase of height of the bench. And the trained subjects required a little oxygen in the same exercise than the untrained. 2) Using higher benches, heart-rate during the exercise was more rapid, and recovery time was longer than when using lower one. The female subject's heart-rate was quicker during exercise, and the recovery time was longer than that of males'. 3) Because of the simplicity of exercise and the easiness for discovering the abnormal symptoms, the optimum load was found; the height of the bench 35cm, the duration of exercise 3 minuets. 4) The pulse was examined with more than 700 students after the new load described above. For the subjects who showed quicker pulse after the exercise, the E.C.G. and other exact examination were given, and some abnormal symptoms at rest were noticed.
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  • Type: Bibliography
    1966 Volume 11 Issue 1 Pages 1-5
    Published: July 25, 1966
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
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  • Type: Appendix
    1966 Volume 11 Issue 1 Pages App1-
    Published: July 25, 1966
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
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  • Type: Cover
    1966 Volume 11 Issue 1 Pages Cover3-
    Published: July 25, 1966
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (35K)
  • Type: Cover
    1966 Volume 11 Issue 1 Pages Cover4-
    Published: July 25, 1966
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (35K)
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