Taiikugaku kenkyu (Japan Journal of Physical Education, Health and Sport Sciences)
Online ISSN : 1881-7718
Print ISSN : 0484-6710
ISSN-L : 0484-6710
Volume 8 , Issue 3-4
Showing 1-12 articles out of 12 articles from the selected issue
  • Type: Cover
    1965 Volume 8 Issue 3-4 Pages Cover6-
    Published: February 22, 1965
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
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  • A. Asai
    Type: Article
    1965 Volume 8 Issue 3-4 Pages 43-48,i
    Published: February 22, 1965
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Bei den Naturvolkern handelt es sich um nur den instinktiven Trieb fur die Erhaltung des korperlichen Lebens, wenn sie einst Sporte oder Spiele uberhaupt treiben. In den Kulturmenschen ist demgegenuber diese Triebkraft doch mit einer geistigen, einer bewuβtlichen und zweckvollen Handlung zusammengewirkt. Also mu β man heute, um die Leibesubung des gegenwartigen Menschens tief zu verstehen, uber das Verhaltnis des Lebenskraft zu dem Geistigen als der zwei fundamentalen Motive erforsch en. Unsere sinnbegreifende Wirkung, die als solche eine geistige Akion ist, verwirklicht sich eben-wie ein Punkt- in eine 0rt, wo es eigentlich weder die Zeit-dauer gibt noch des zeitichen Intervalls bedarf, das von solcher Aktion ausgefullt werden muβte. Noch genauer; sie vollendet sich nur im uberzeitlichen und zugleich gegenwartigen Jetzt, das dle strengste Grenz zwischen Vergangenheit und Zukunft bildet. Erst mit der Erfindung dieser Konzeption von absolutem Punkt der geistigen Gegenwart konnte sich del Mensch auch durch die Leibesubung iiber das biologische Wesen hinauf ausbilden lassen. Die Lebenskraft ist aber im Grunde eine treibende und blinde Bewegung, wie flieβender Strom. Ja, man kann sogar sie sei das kaum unterscheidbare Chaos des Lebens selbst, das fur sich keine Gestalt bewuβtlich formuliert aber daraus doch etwas ursprunglich Neues immer hergestellt werden konnte. Wahrend die Leibeserziehung von heute die Auseinandersetzung dieser zwei Motive, der uberzeitlichen Gegenwartigkeit des Geistes und des ursprunglichen Chaos des Triebes, als die leiblich-seelische Einheit des Menschenseins innerlich zusammengefasst hat, so hat sie indessen den formlichen Ausdruck, den das jene auch dem diesen pragen sollte, vernichtend abstrahiert. Der Begriff "Homo Ludens" verfolgt nun neulich in dem Spielen eine wesentliche Grundlage der Kultur. In dem Sinne, daB wir naturlich spielen wissen, haben wir eine auβervernunftige Neigung. Aber durch das vernunftige Wissen zu treiben erfahren wir, vielleicht oft genieβend, in uns auch etwas mehr als Rationales oder Zweckmaβiges, -also spielen wir hier wieder. Auf dieser Weise dyiirfen wir das echte, reine Spiel als der wesentliche Faktor in Kultur erkennen. So im allgemeinen hat die Kultur, einschlie Blich der K6rperkultur, im Spiele ihren eigenglchen Ursrun9.
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  • E. Tsuruoka, S. Kasai, T. Tawa, A. Iwata
    Type: Article
    1965 Volume 8 Issue 3-4 Pages 49-54,ii
    Published: February 22, 1965
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    For the purpose of researching part of the aptitude for ball-skill, we have analyzed the motion of picking up a ball. he choice reaction time at the two light stimuli was measured with the instruments of oscilloscope and straingage. The results of the experiment are as follows; (l) As to the reaction time required for the nervous function, a base-ball player is found to be the best. As to the time necessary for the muscular function to make steps, a volley-ball player is the best. As to the time of picking up a ball, including the skill, a basket-ball player is the best. (2) In almost all the reaction movements, beginners are generally inferior to experts.
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  • T. Hayashi, A. Tsunokawa
    Type: Article
    1965 Volume 8 Issue 3-4 Pages 55-60,ii-iii
    Published: February 22, 1965
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Time study and the energy metabolism of primary and senior high school students aged from 6 to 18, in Kyoto were studied from May to October 1958, and the following results were obtained. 1) As for the time spent for eating, personal preparation, and school attending, no significant difference were obtained between primary and senior high school students. As students grow older, they slept the shorter but studied the longer and took exercise including sports activities, the shorter. In the 3rd grade of senior high school, boys studied 200〜300 minutes for the preparation of the coming entrance examination, in addition to their formal studies in the school, while girls spent 60-120 minutes for cooking and other house keeping work. 2) Caloric expenditure per day were about 1400-1800 Cal. for boys, 1200-1600Cal.for girls in primary school, 2500 Cal for senior high school boys and 2000Cal. for girls in senior high school respectivery. In senior high school, boys consumed 200 Cal. more than girls in the same grade. Because of their sedentary work for the entrance examillation the 3rd grade boys in senior high school spent less than 2300 Cal. per day. 3) The calrie expenditure of primary school children and senior high school students, were found to be in the normal range. The sume of calorie expenditure found in this study, estimated calorie loss in digestion and absorption, and estimate calories required for growing was nearly equal to or rather less than the caloric allowance for the average Japanese Youth.
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  • M. Ikai, S. Ebashi, H. Kagaya, [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japan ...
    Type: Article
    1965 Volume 8 Issue 3-4 Pages 61-71,iii
    Published: February 22, 1965
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    The purpose of this study was to find out the limiting factors of endurance owing to the aerobic capacity. The heart rate, respiration rate, pulmonary ventilation and oxygen intake were measured during and after the all-out running on the treadmill with 8.6% slope. And the oxygen removal and oxygen pulse were calculated. The tidal volume of ventilation, oxygen removal and oxygen pulse were found to be decreased significantly at the point of all-out. It was supposed from these results that the decrease in efficiency of respiratory function might be one of the limiting factors to the endurance. How. ever, it must be revealed whether this decrease of efficiency in the respiratory function might be caused the dropped cardiac output or the disturbed diffusion of the oxygen in thn lung.
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  • M. Kaneko
    Type: Article
    1965 Volume 8 Issue 3-4 Pages 72-82,iv
    Published: February 22, 1965
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    The relation between the strength and the power was investigated in the arm flexor and knee extensor muscles respectively. In order to measure the muscle power, a modified Inertia Ergometer and the muscel strength was ordinarily measured with spring dynamometer. It was found that the muscle power measure in four kinds of loads was significantly related to the strength of individuals, while some individual differences were observed. Based on the electromyograms and the force curves it was revealed that the power ability was determinded by how to concentrate their nerve impulses to the acting muscles in addition to the strength.
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  • A. Nakamura
    Type: Article
    1965 Volume 8 Issue 3-4 Pages 83-92,iv
    Published: February 22, 1965
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    The water pletysmograph for the forearm, with electric recording apparatus, including an ergometer, was devised and presented. The collecting pressure applied to the arm was ascertained and the pressure lower than the dyastolic pressure by 5-10mmHg, applied for 5〜10 seconds, was found to be adequate to record the blood inflow to the tissue. By means of this method, it was demonstrated that the forearm blood flow was increased after exercise of maximum efforts exerted every two seconds, and the increase of blood flow was related to the number of maximum contractions, but it seemed to reach a plateau after certain contractions. Remarkable increase of blood flow was also found after exercise with the load of one-third of maximum strength to exhaustion. Among subjects, a large difference of blood flow was found after both kinds of exercise.
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  • H. Morishita
    Type: Article
    1965 Volume 8 Issue 3-4 Pages 93-99,v
    Published: February 22, 1965
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Longitudinao growth of weight, chest-girth in relation to height in 55 boys and girls from age 6 to 18 are presented by a straight line in logarithmic scales. The straight line is divided into two or three parts at critical points. The first point apeares at the height between 120 and 125cm which correspond to the age from 7 to 9 years. The second point appeares at the height of 145cm in girls and between 151and 156cm in boys are considered as an index of maturity, because in most girls the menarche onset at the height a little taller than the height at the second poins. The height when the menarche appeared is closely 96% of the final height. The relation between the weight and chest-girth and height is presented by the following equation Y=bX^a (where X is height, Y is weight or chest-girth, " a " and " b " are constants). Constant " a " increases after critical point as the followings, a = 1.50, 2.46 and 5.50 in girls, a=1.46, 263 and 5.76 in boys in weight, while a=0.89, 2.71 in girls, and 0./2,3.23 in boys in chest-girth.
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  • Type: Bibliography
    1965 Volume 8 Issue 3-4 Pages 1-5
    Published: February 22, 1965
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
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  • Type: Appendix
    1965 Volume 8 Issue 3-4 Pages App3-
    Published: February 22, 1965
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
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  • Type: Cover
    1965 Volume 8 Issue 3-4 Pages Cover8-
    Published: February 22, 1965
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (23K)
  • Type: Cover
    1965 Volume 8 Issue 3-4 Pages Cover9-
    Published: February 22, 1965
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (23K)
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