Taiikugaku kenkyu (Japan Journal of Physical Education, Health and Sport Sciences)
Online ISSN : 1881-7718
Print ISSN : 0484-6710
ISSN-L : 0484-6710
Volume 16 , Issue 6
Showing 1-14 articles out of 14 articles from the selected issue
  • Type: Cover
    1972 Volume 16 Issue 6 Pages Cover21-
    Published: March 30, 1972
    Released: September 27, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
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  • Type: Cover
    1972 Volume 16 Issue 6 Pages Cover22-
    Published: March 30, 1972
    Released: September 27, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (40K)
  • Type: Appendix
    1972 Volume 16 Issue 6 Pages App10-
    Published: March 30, 1972
    Released: September 27, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (24K)
  • K. Kageyama, T. Terasawa, H. Nishigaki, T. Nakashima
    Type: Article
    1972 Volume 16 Issue 6 Pages 309-318
    Published: March 30, 1972
    Released: September 27, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    This survey was conducted in order to clarify the factors affecting the formation and the development of the Japanese kitten baseball clubs in the community. When conducting the survey, specific observational emphases were put on the two main group functions, i.e., maintenance function and performance function, external conditions of the clubs, and various characteristics of the members composed of groups. This investigation was performed consecutively in three years from 1967 to 1969; in the first year, to clarify mainly the social background, in the second year, the social factors affecting the development of teams, and in the third year, the social factors causing the disintegration of baseball teams. The total number of baseball teams surveyed were 149. Conclusions drawn from this survey were as follows; 1. External social conditions were the most important factors affecting the formation, maintenance, and development of the baseball teams in the community. 2. The maintenance and improvement of teams themselves were more complicated and difficult than the formation of the teams. 3. Four factors were found to be necessary for maintaining and developing a team. 4. The most decisive factors concerned with the maintenance and the development of a baseball team in a community seemed to be the social conditions which affected the team's performance function.
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  • Tetsuo Meshizuka, Akira Nagata
    Type: Article
    1972 Volume 16 Issue 6 Pages 319-325
    Published: March 30, 1972
    Released: September 27, 2017
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    It is a well-known fact that the various muscular movement as one of the human body functions is essential for physical fitness and these movements have been observed in various experimental studies. The muscular movement research as a basic academic area for physical education through the fundamental kinetic method on human movements should play increasingly more important part. The purposes of the study were (1) to establish the method for measuring the control-ability which has never been designated clearly before, (2) to find out the suitable method for calculating the muscular components quantitatively, and (3) to prepare the apparatus of the motor control amplifier by which three mechanical loads will be manufactured continuously. The "control-ability" in the limb muscular movement has been thought to be the main part for regulation of physical activities, but its evaluative method to calculate the quantity of regulative elements, which constitute of three components; elasticity, viscosity and mass inertia, have not been developed yet. The dynamic properties of muscle contraction and its neural control were successfully carried on by numerous physiologists^<8)>, who mostly performed on animals applying the isometric contraction. In our method, the living upper-extremity was used in the examination, to which a special control device was attached with the greater power relative to that of the muscle. The neuromuscular control response was recorded as a variance of the directed control values which are also called "error variables". This type of stimulus has been found to be convenient in order to evaluate the characteristics; (a) of muscle properties, (b) of muscle control-ability, and (c) of the myotatic reflex. This sort of study on the limb control movement should be carefully followed up further in future. The device also was utilized in man to calculate his pursuit or tracking capability as the human operator, and to compare the normal human power with the given power on the apparatus. An essential part of this device was that the lengthening of the muscular group could be recorded when the amplitude in voltage between the external force applied and the force in kilogram exerted by the muscle differed. In this paper the limb muscle contractions are dealt with, for the existing methods and instruments seem to be lacking mechanical accuracy and qualitative measurements. Considering the defects involved in the existing methods for the neuromuscular control capacity of man, a new apparatus to measure more accurately and more quantitively has been developed by the authors, which proved to well-stand to elaborate measurements of muscular control.
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  • Masahiko Udo
    Type: Article
    1972 Volume 16 Issue 6 Pages 327-334
    Published: March 30, 1972
    Released: September 27, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    The purpose of the study was to establish fundamental principles governing the administration of physical education program by means of analyzing behaviors of the participants in various physical activities. A questionnaire survey among 1,025 participants to various physical activities representing various age levels was conducted and interviews with some school teachers and students were used in collecting data necessary to construct the analytical theory on the subject. Participants' approaching to, leaving from and escaping from the place where physical activities take place were of particular interest of the study. The fundamental factors governing such behavior were revealed to be the subjective premises like desire, need and experience in respective physical activity, and the indirect premises that would provide circumstances for participants. Such factors motivate and/or discourage participants on physical activities. The human relationship within the sports club and quality of leader-ship Provided by coaches were pointed out as an important factor for club service. The availability and handiness of facilities for the participants were revealed to be more effective premises than the distance between the facility and the participants' home. Such findings would promote the improvement of administration of physical education program in general.
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  • Ryozo TAKAHASHI, Junji TANAKA, Takej KAWAI
    Type: Article
    1972 Volume 16 Issue 6 Pages 335-355
    Published: March 30, 1972
    Released: September 27, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    A considerable amount of studies on the volleyball skills has been reported. However, the informations on the method of kinematographic analysis are quite scarce. Although the literature such as Ishiguro, Yamamoto, Takahashi, Miura, and Kawai are serving as the source of information in this particular area, the accumulated results may be still insufficient. Especially on the passing and spiking motions which should be one of the most fundamental skills in volleyball, there is no information available based upon kinesiological analysis. While players move unconsciously of their forms, it is of no practical use to give instructions about the body movements to hem while playing. Johnson insists that at least four factors are necessary to take into consideration as the variables of skills of an exercise, namely speed, accuracy, form and adaptability, upon an analysis of woodcutter contests. The present report intends to analyze the components in passing, tossing, and spiking in the sport of volleyball by use of kinematographic analysis, and to obtain some useful in formations in objectively instructing basic skills of volleyball.
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  • Yoshiro HATANO, Kan-ichi NISHIO, Tadafumi MIZUNO, Hisao HIRATA, Shoji ...
    Type: Article
    1972 Volume 16 Issue 6 Pages 357-366
    Published: March 30, 1972
    Released: September 27, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Current status of extracurricular sports activity programs in colleges and universities in the U. S. has been studied upon collecting questionnaire completed and returned by 105 chairmen of physical education departments in major colleges and universities. The major findinges included followings: 1. Intramural sports program for men and women has been well developed, being administered by staff in physical education department. 2. Intercollegiate athletic program is highly organized and more prevalently provided for students than extramural sports. The administrative policies on the latter are less developed and quite inconsistent among various institutions. 3. The evaluation of intercollegiate athletic program among physical educators was widely split between support and disapproval. Upon obtaining above results, the following conclusive statements were made, i. e., all of the extracurricular sports programs will be better developed, if it is administered by the department of physical education. This is especially so when development of participation oriented sports for all students is to be expected. At the same time, the educational values of intercollegiate athletic program should be re-evaluated.
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  • Yasuo MUKASA
    Type: Article
    1972 Volume 16 Issue 6 Pages 367-369
    Published: March 30, 1972
    Released: September 27, 2017
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    The Division for Sociological Studies of Physical Education has a decade-long history as it was established in January, 1961, as a part of the Japanese Society of Physical Education. Its members, great many of them belonging to colleges and universities spread all over the country amount to 120. Like other divisions, it is responsible for Division Symposium at the time of the JSPE annual convention, and for annual over-night study session. Besides monthly study meetings are held at various geographical areas. An organ paper is planned, in addition, to be published once a year beginning this year.
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  • Toshihiro ISHIKO
    Type: Article
    1972 Volume 16 Issue 6 Pages 370-372
    Published: March 30, 1972
    Released: September 27, 2017
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  • Yoshiro HATANO
    Type: Article
    1972 Volume 16 Issue 6 Pages 373-375
    Published: March 30, 1972
    Released: September 27, 2017
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  • Masahiko UDO
    Type: Article
    1972 Volume 16 Issue 6 Pages 376-379
    Published: March 30, 1972
    Released: September 27, 2017
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  • Shigeo KASAI
    Type: Article
    1972 Volume 16 Issue 6 Pages 380-383
    Published: March 30, 1972
    Released: September 27, 2017
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  • Type: Appendix
    1972 Volume 16 Issue 6 Pages App11-
    Published: March 30, 1972
    Released: September 27, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (15K)
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