Taiikugaku kenkyu (Japan Journal of Physical Education, Health and Sport Sciences)
Online ISSN : 1881-7718
Print ISSN : 0484-6710
ISSN-L : 0484-6710
Volume 13 , Issue 2
Showing 1-13 articles out of 13 articles from the selected issue
  • Type: Cover
    1968 Volume 13 Issue 2 Pages Cover5-
    Published: November 25, 1968
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
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  • M. KATO
    Type: Article
    1968 Volume 13 Issue 2 Pages 69-74
    Published: November 25, 1968
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    In diesem Studium sollen diese Punkte, die korperliche Seite im Leben von Goethe,die Beziehung zwischen die korperliche und geistige Spannung, und die Stellung der Korpererziehung und des Sports in seinem Leben dargelegt werden. Diese Forschung liegen die Werke von Goethe und Diem zugrunde sowie meinen Gedanken. Bei der Behandlung vieler Fragen werden auch die Forschungen der anderen Forscher berticksichtigt. Im Rahmen eines ersten Abschnitt wird diese Forschung in folgenden Hanptpunkte dargelegt. 1) Die Korpererziehung bei Goethe hing mit seiner Anschauung von der Natur. 2) Sie bezog sich auch die Selbsterziehung und Selbstausbildung in der Natur. 3) Sie beruhte auf dem Aktivismus von Goethe. 4) Goethe trachtete nach dem Gleichmass von korperlicher und geistiger Ausbildung in der Korpererziehung.
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  • Zentaro Tomita
    Type: Article
    1968 Volume 13 Issue 2 Pages 75-82
    Published: November 25, 1968
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    The results of autogenic training applied to a high school swimming team were as follows; 1.The results of the questionnaire sent to the members of the team (1) Emotional stability of the subjects treated had increased. (2) Mental rehearsal ability for swimming had been improved. (3) Human relationship among the members had been bettered. (4) The training was effective in preventing "stage fright" in a certain measure.2. Analysis of YATABE-GUILFORO personality test. Comparison between the results of Y-G personality test conducted before and after the training showed an improvement of personality traits, especially in D (Depressive tendency), C (Cycloid tendency), I (Inferiority feeling), T (Thinking introversion),and S (Social extroversion).
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  • Shinkichi Ogawa, Shigeru Katsuta, Michikatsu Konno, Hideaki Nakashima
    Type: Article
    1968 Volume 13 Issue 2 Pages 83-91
    Published: November 25, 1968
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    In orders to know the effects of endurancetraining (for middle and longdistance running events) on the cardio-respiratory functions in the period of development, the oxygen intake, heart rate and other parameters of that function were measured from April to October on 18 subjects who were all beginners in endurance training, aged 12, 15 and 18 years, and untrained boys as control. The results were as follows: 1) Increase in body weight was restrained by the endurance training. 2) Endurance running time were increased in the training group, but unchanged in non- training group. 3) We could not find the difference of maximal heart rate between training group and non-training group. But the maximal heart rate of the older subjects were some what lower than that of the younger ones. 4) In oxygen pulse, the training group showed superior values than the non-training group, and higher in the older subjects than in the younger ones. 5) Both training and non-training groups showed increase in the capacity of oxygen intake according to the increase in age. The oxygen intake per kilogram of body weight was unchanged in the training group, but decreased in the non-training group with the increase in age.
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  • Hiromu Nagasawa
    Type: Article
    1968 Volume 13 Issue 2 Pages 92-100
    Published: November 25, 1968
    Released: December 31, 2016
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    The development of physical activity of junior and senior high school students is thought to be closely related to the mode of their lives. This study was intended to examine how these factors affect the development of maximum O_2 intake and maximum O_2 debt which are indices of their endurance ability under aerobic and anaerobic circumstances, respectively. A continued examination for 3 years was made on boys in both junior and senior high schools from their first grade to the third grade. A total of 144 subjects were divided into the following 3 groups: 1) Those who want to study more and to go on to the advanced school (study-group), 2) Those who are sportsmen usually trained by physical exercises (sports-group), and 3) Those who are going to enter the business society immediately after graduation (employment-group). The investigation was done annually from September to December. The maximum working capacity was estimated utilizing the Douglas bag method and the bicycle-ergometer. Maximum O_2 intake was determined in the way subjects were to display the highest work toward the end of 5 min- work, and maximum O_2 debt by pedaling as hard as possible for 6O seconds. The result was summarized as follows. As to both maximum O_2 intake and maximum CO_2 output, the sports-group was superior to the other two, but little difference was noted between the study-group and employment-group. The working capacity tended to increase with age, but the rate of its development was the highest in the sports-group at their 2nd year grade in both junior and senior high school. A similar tendency was observed on the maximum O_2 debt. As compared with these values per unit body weight, body surface area and basal metabolism, the student of sports-group showed a higher value than the other two. The record collected from the sports-group was also the highest with respect to the oxygen pulse, the increment of heart rate and the oxygen utilization. The above facts suggest that the daily training is highly important to improve their working efficiency and to build up the maximum working capacity. In this sense, the sports-group has the highest capacity, the employment-group came to the next place and the study-group the last. It may be concluded, therefore, that there are differences in maximum working capacity among the pupils who are in different manner of their lives, and the training effect and working efficiency are of considerable importance in the development of physical activity for pupils of the age of junior and senior high schools.
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  • S. Tsuboi
    Type: Article
    1968 Volume 13 Issue 2 Pages 101-109
    Published: November 25, 1968
    Released: December 31, 2016
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    The study was made to examine what sort of bodily structure and physical function are built through playing "Kendo" in comparison with the "ratio of weight to stature", 12 points in "muscular power" and other 5 points in bodily conditions of Kendomen and laymen of Kendo. The results of the measurement are as follows; Among players of Kendo the level of significance in "girth of upper arms", "girth of forearms" and "back and leg strength" became more and more distinct in accordance with the length of the period of practice and the progress in skill, but among laymen of Kendo we could not recognize it.
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  • Hideji Matsui, Tamotsu Hoshikawa
    Type: Article
    1968 Volume 13 Issue 2 Pages 110-117
    Published: November 25, 1968
    Released: December 31, 2016
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    Most of human activities are based on the movement of both legs. Therefore, in order to analyze the mechanics of human activities, it is essential to record the force exerted by foot on the ground. For the purpose of this recording, a new apparatus was devised. The new recording element is the PIESO resistance effect of the semi-conductive crystalloid. The effect is that when an external force is applied to a crystalloid, it's potential resistance is changed in accordance with the magnitude of the force and is returned to the normal level when the external force is removed. This element is attached to a supporting stainless steel frame (10X15X5mm). Those frames are fixed in the parts of toe and heel of shoe. From them electrical changes are led to an oscilograph through a Wheaston's bridge. In the various activities such as walking, running, jumping and side stepping, the force exerted by foot could be presicely recorded using this apparatus. This new device will be applicable in the wide range of kinesiological studies.
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  • M. Fujimoto, Y. Watanabe, Y. Tamura
    Type: Article
    1968 Volume 13 Issue 2 Pages 118-125
    Published: November 25, 1968
    Released: December 31, 2016
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    1) As a part of survey of physical fitness of far rural children in Gifu prefecture, nutritional and statistical analysis of their food intake was performed on a total of 148 boys and girls in the Tokuyama Elementary School and Middle School, Ibi-gun, Gifu from Sep. 20 to 27, 1967. 2) The family food of those children usually comprised of rice, miso-soup and egg and was characterized by low total calorie, low protein and high lipid intake as compared to the standard food allowance for the average Japanese children, and of their total protein intake animal protein was 23-31%. The intake of vitamins and Fe was satisfactory, but that of calcium was considerably low. 3) The execution of school provision of food (perfect provision at lunch time) was served to mitigate the low intake of protein, and hence, growth of body weight of those children was retained within standard level. However, the intake of calcium remained still at low level (about 60-70% of standard allowance). 4) The pattern of amino acid of their food was characterized by low lysine, and further both tryptophane and sulfur-containing amino acid were also subnormal. The protein index of their food was at best 70-80%. 5) The major characteristics of those rural children with regard to physical fitness (underdevelopment of maximum muscular exertion and relatively well-developed endurance ability) could be accounted for, at least in part, from the view point of their nutritional situation, as well as the result of medical examinations.
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  • Yayoi Hirota, Nobuo Ohashi
    Type: Article
    1968 Volume 13 Issue 2 Pages 126-139
    Published: November 25, 1968
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    In this report, the back ground of seamen's physical exercise on the basis of the studies on their labor and its actual status from out research were explained and in conclusion the authors gave suggestions what seamen's physical exercise should be. From the studies on seamen's labor after the second world war, we could find many problems of seamen's health For example, the most basic elements to keep one's health as sleep, nourishment, physique, diseases, injuries, and character, have been pointed as follows; A. SLEEP.. A number of seamen felt a lack of sleep due to vibration, noise, heat etc. B. NOURISHMENT.. Many seamen had no good appetite and unbalance in taking of nourishment was observed. C. PHYSIQUE.. Most of them have fine bodies but their physical strengths were not good enough . D. DISEASES AND INJURIES.. There were many seamen's diseases and injuries, which put a number of seamen under medical treatment. E. character.. Seamen were not necessarily aggressive to do something that they have not ever done. In other words, their attitudes are generally negative to improve anything including betterment of their health. Though some of the studies pointed necessity of physical exercise and we believe that it is the best way to help solve these problems, the actual status of it which have been made clear from our research in 1964 on actual status of interest in physical exercises, using a question sheet, on 788 seamen and 379 employees on land employed by certain marine transportation company has been as follows; Many seamen ware realizing a lack of physical exercises and they felt keenly the necessity to take exercise for their health, however, the actual status on board was not vigorous due to many restrictions including special circumstances which are peculiar to their labour.
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  • E. TSURUOKA, T. KOMURA, R. FUKUHARA
    Type: Article
    1968 Volume 13 Issue 2 Pages 140-148
    Published: November 25, 1968
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    The study was made to clarify the feature of soccer game by examining the frequency and effectiveness of such fundamental skills to be used in soccer game as shooting, kicking, heading, keeping, tackling, throw-in and goal-keeping. 125 matches played in Japan were measured. Main findings were as follows: 1. About half of the skills used in games were kickings and a third of them were keepings. The percentage of the frequency of these two skills to the seven skills mentioned above had relativity to the skill levels of teams. 2. The number of the skills leading to shooting was mainly 0 and 1. The efficiency of shooting was higher when the skills were succeeded from 5 to 7 times. 3. To indicate the degree of the succession of skills "coefficient of skill succession" was adopted. 4. To indicate correlatively of the contents of games "ratio of game content" was adopted.
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  • Type: Appendix
    1968 Volume 13 Issue 2 Pages App1-
    Published: November 25, 1968
    Released: December 31, 2016
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  • Type: Cover
    1968 Volume 13 Issue 2 Pages Cover7-
    Published: November 25, 1968
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (28K)
  • Type: Cover
    1968 Volume 13 Issue 2 Pages Cover8-
    Published: November 25, 1968
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (28K)
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