Taiikugaku kenkyu (Japan Journal of Physical Education, Health and Sport Sciences)
Online ISSN : 1881-7718
Print ISSN : 0484-6710
ISSN-L : 0484-6710
Volume 7 , Issue 2
Showing 1-12 articles out of 12 articles from the selected issue
  • Type: Cover
    1963 Volume 7 Issue 2 Pages Cover2-
    Published: July 31, 1963
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
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  • S. Nose
    Type: Article
    1963 Volume 7 Issue 2 Pages 1-5,1
    Published: July 31, 1963
    Released: December 31, 2016
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    Shuji Isawa went to the United States of America in 1875 and studied there in the Bridgwater State Teachers College, Massachuseffs. Graduated from the college in 1877, he entered the Harvard University to proceed his study in October in the same year, and came back to Japan in May, 1878. Having his job in the Ministry of Educatin in September, 1879, he became a member of the Gymnastic Research Section newly founded there, and worked out a plan of physical education generally known as Shuji Isawa's plan of Physical Education in the Gymnastic Institute. In this plan the following facts can be clearly seen. 1. His gymnastic plan has something common with the music educational plan which he sent to the Educational Department when staying in the United States. For example, a) Any method or system of Physical education in America should not be adopted as it is, but should be properly modified to be suited to the Japanese educational system. b) Any suitable method should be first examined by putting it into practice either in the Tokyo normal School or in the Tokyo Women's normal School. 2. He was quite eager to discuss in detail how and how far the gymnastic System in America should be adopted and modified in Japan. Especially he emphasises to found the Gymnastic Institute.
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  • K. Suzuki, I. Matsuda, M. Kondo, M. Kaneko
    Type: Article
    1963 Volume 7 Issue 2 Pages 6-13,2
    Published: July 31, 1963
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    The problem was to determine the kinds and amounts of facilitation and interference in psychomotor performance resulting from two different kinds of practice on an original task and two kinds of practice on an interpolate task. The arms-legs coordination appratus was utilized in a study of role of proactive and retroactive facilitation and interference in the performance. Results : (1) The acquisition of skill was not interfered with the subsequent learning of the reversed task. (2) The acquisition of skill on the Original learning interfered the subsequent, but the errors decreased after 2 or 3 trials. And the amounts of decrement was so much than them on the interpolated task which was practised initially.
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  • A. Katsube, E. Tadaki
    Type: Article
    1963 Volume 7 Issue 2 Pages 14-20,2-3
    Published: July 31, 1963
    Released: December 31, 2016
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    Difference of response in psychogalvanic phenomenon in response to tennis play imagined between skilled players and beginners in soft tennis was studied. And the same studies were made when the subjects were watching a movie of ground stroke of soft tennis by skilled players and beginners in soft tennis, and the skilled players in lawn tennis. The results of these experiment were summarized as followed: The skilled players responded with characteristic rhythmical wave of psychogalvanic phenomenon when they imagined their own performances of ground stroke, and also they watched a movie of the performance of ground stroke. However the beginners did not show any remarkable characteristics in psychogalvanic phenomenon in response to tennis play imagined and viewed in motion picture.
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  • M. Asakawa, T. Koto, Y. Oshigiri
    Type: Article
    1963 Volume 7 Issue 2 Pages 21-27,3
    Published: July 31, 1963
    Released: December 31, 2016
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    Physiological effects of staiyng at the high altitude on the metabolic function as well as the blood were studied. The four subjects, including two sprinters and two long distance runners, climbed up to the top of Mt. Raicho-Sawa of altitude of 2280m and stayed for 12 days. These subjects had a daily exercise of 5 Km in walking and in jogging at this high altitude of 570 mmHg in atomospheric pressure. The experimental results were as followed; (I) Body weight, pH of the urine, content of protein in the urine, and flicker fusion value were not affected by this stay. (2) Hemoglobin in the blood was increased remarkably in the later half of this stay on the mountain. The increase of hemoglobin was found for 5 weeks after leaving the mountain. (3) In the first week after leaving the high altitude, the efficiency in exercise was found to be increased. On the ther hand the ratio of oxygen intake to the oxygen requirement was increased at the same stage on the sea level.
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  • S. Okada
    Type: Article
    1963 Volume 7 Issue 2 Pages 28-38,4
    Published: July 31, 1963
    Released: December 31, 2016
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    I'he physical level of the inhabitants in Gunma prefecture is below the national one, and poor records have always been made by the players of this prefecture in the annual Athletic meeting. Thus the auther has made public the consequence of examination about the fundamental physical ability of the players chosen in this prefecture. The items of tests were height, weight, girth of the chest, sitting height, lung capacity, back-muscle, breathholding, and pulse, and these results of measurement has been synthetically judged by the estimated standard of physical strength. The players of Judo, woman's volleyball, and field and track events are excellent as a whole. The functionary excellent items are bicycle race, swimming of middle school boy, woman's skiing, and swimming of middle school girls. The items which are very poor in physical ability are skiing; badminton, soccer, tennis, sumo -these are man's items- and woman's gymnastics. The physical ability of the players of both badminton and skiing in man's items is remarkably inferior, so that their physique and function must be strengthened. The fundamental question to strengthen the players of this prefecture will be to find out young men with a physically excellent quality, and to bring them up.
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  • Y. Matsuura
    Type: Article
    1963 Volume 7 Issue 2 Pages 41-48,4-5
    Published: July 31, 1963
    Released: December 31, 2016
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    Many analytical studies of Motor Fitness have been done until today, and the test methods of each factor have been established. Nevertheless, the method of integral evaluation Motor Fitness has ever been established. The author proposed here a method of integrating each test records to evaluate motor fitness integratedly. With regression equation, Motor Fitness Index was determined. The variables of regression equation are as follows ; Flexibility coefficient (F=X_<FO> + 1/2 X_<Ba> -130), Muscular strength and endnurance coefficient, (M=1/6X_<B.L>+1/2X_<g.s>+1/4X_<P.U>+1/4X_<S.U>1/4X_<S.U>-l5) Endurance (breath holding after exercise), Agility (Side step), and Power (vertical jump). The reliability and validity were proved to be very high with the tetrachoric correlation, internal consistency, and product moment correlation. Furthermore, it was proved that this index could distinguish the more skilled and able group from the less skilled and less able group.
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  • Y. Hayakawa, H. Kaga
    Type: Article
    1963 Volume 7 Issue 2 Pages 49-57,5
    Published: July 31, 1963
    Released: December 31, 2016
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    Recently, it is recognized that a trend to encourage sports to all men's sports is emerging. But necessarily, it seems to be not encouraged to a practical movement. How does such a trend concerning to sports emerge in Nagoya city? Retried to clear up on this point by analyzing of the states of public sports facilities and the uses of them in Nagoya City. And we pointed out how problems we must resolve to encourage sports to all men's sports in Nagoya City.
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  • Type: Bibliography
    1963 Volume 7 Issue 2 Pages 1-5
    Published: July 31, 1963
    Released: December 31, 2016
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  • Type: Appendix
    1963 Volume 7 Issue 2 Pages App2-
    Published: July 31, 1963
    Released: December 31, 2016
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  • Type: Cover
    1963 Volume 7 Issue 2 Pages Cover4-
    Published: July 31, 1963
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (27K)
  • Type: Cover
    1963 Volume 7 Issue 2 Pages Cover5-
    Published: July 31, 1963
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (27K)
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