Kiso horse is a breed of Japanese native horses. In this study, to clarify coat color gene variation in Kiso horses, we used SNaPshot™ genotyping to evaluate variation in MC1R, ASIP, and MATP genes at the Extension (E), Agouti (A), and Cream dilution (C) loci. The coat color of 149 horses was documented. The coat color of 140, 3, and 6 horses was bay, chestnut, and buckskin, respectively. Furthermore, the frequency of alleles E, e, A, a, C, and Cr was 0.80, 0.20, 0.86, 0.14, 0.98, and 0.02, respectively. Current status of coat color genes in Kiso horses was clarified, and this information will help plan further conservation of the horses.