In Japan, debris disasters often took place caused by intense rainfall that intensity is more than 70～80 mm/hr. Other characteristics of these intense rainfalls are as follows; 1) affected areas was small within limited areas, and 2) continued period was very short such as 1～5 hours. From 2010 to 2015 years, many debris flows took place by these intense rainfalls and many lives were killed by these debris flows. In order to save human lives from these debris disasters, evacuation is very important in addition to construct check dams. Such evacuation may be achieved by the risk information about for hazardous site and time. For the purpose to mitigate debris disasters, three wears, hard (to construct disaster prevention structures), soft (to delineate hazard area and to push risk information) and human (to participate in evacuation training and to evacuate), are pointed as important measures.
APHRODITEとは，Asian Precipitation - Highly Resolved Observational Data Integration Towards Evaluation of Water Resourcesの略で，「アジアの水資源への温暖化影響評価のための日降水量グリッドデータ作成」プロジェクト，その降水プロダクトです．今回評価され，仲間と共同受賞でき，嬉しく思います．
In this article some fundamental issues in hydrologic modeling are discussed, and some emerging methods toward their solutions are presented. The issues discussed are i) the physically-based, distributed modeling of hydrologic processes in the face of climate change, ii) the coupled modeling of hydrologic and atmospheric processes in ungauged or sparsely-gauged watersheds, iii) modeling of hydrologic processes in the face of land heterogeneity, iv) estimation of the design flood for large structures under a changing future climate, and v) modeling uncertainty and long range dependence in hydrologic processes.