The aims of the symposium “Termination of Last Glaciation and the Formation and Development of Jomon culture in Japan” are to clarify (1) what changes have occurred in natural environments in and around the Japanese Islands from the Last Glacial Maximum to the Postglacial periods, (2) what changes have occurred from Late Paleolithic culture to Jomon culture in terms of the relationship between natural and cultural environments, in paticular changes in coastal and land ecosystems and ways of human life, and (3) how and when the Jomon culture was established in terms of natural environmental changes. The symposium consisted of three different parts: (1) Last Glacial Maximum (the age of upper Paleolithic culture, 20-15ka), (2) a transition period from Late Glacial to Postglacial (the age of formation of Jomon culture, 15-10ka), and (3) Postglacial period (the age of the development of Jomon culture, after 10ka). The topics were presented by three speakers for each part from the viewpoints of geology, paleoecology, pedology, and archeology. The topics of presentations in the symposium are the following: Upper Paleolithic culture in Japan and East Asia (Masao Ambiru); Spatial distribution of the vegetation around the Last Glacial Maximum in Japan (Mutsuhiko Minaki); Paleoenvironmental changes of the Japan Sea since the Last Glacial period (Ryuji Tada); A land ecosystem in the transition to the Jomon age (Sei-ichiro Tsuji); The formation of Jomon culture in the Southern and Northern parts of Japanese Islands (Michio Okamura); Soil formation and the environmental change (Kan-ichi Sakagami); Development of Jomon villages (Yasuhiro Okada); Forest vegetation and utilization of wood during the Jomon period in Japan (Mitsuo Suzuki and Shuichi Noshiro), and Jomon agriculture: retrieval of evidence (Masakazu Yoshizaki). The discussions in the symposium have focused on the relationship between the changes in natural environments and ways of human life, in particular the change of land ecosystems and the utilization of natural resources. The state of the art in studies of the natural environmental changes from the termination of the Last Glacial to the Postglacial and their relations to the regional development from the upper paleolithic culture to the Jomon culture in Japan are reviewed from various viewpoints, and future tasks of research are presented.