油化学
Online ISSN : 1884-2003
ISSN-L : 0513-398X
34 巻 , 1 号
選択された号の論文の13件中1~13を表示しています
  • 大村 智, 供田 洋
    1985 年 34 巻 1 号 p. 2-9
    発行日: 1985/01/20
    公開日: 2009/11/10
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 大場 健吉, 三浦 千明
    1985 年 34 巻 1 号 p. 10-16
    発行日: 1985/01/20
    公開日: 2009/11/10
    ジャーナル フリー
  • Kazuyoshi SEGUXHI, Yoshiko EBARA, Sanae HIROTA
    1985 年 34 巻 1 号 p. 17-23
    発行日: 1985/01/20
    公開日: 2009/11/10
    ジャーナル フリー
    The effects of surfactants and a variety of additives on the fluorescent behavior of four fluorescent whitening agents were investigated at 20°C. The used surfactants were two cationic (HDPC, HDAB), two anionic (SDBS, SDS), and a non-ionic ones (B-35). The main additives were alkylpyridinium salts, alkylammonium salts, and cyanoolefins. The surfactants had a remarkable influence on the fluorescence intensity and the maximum fluorescence wave length. In general, the intensity increased sharply with an increase in concentration above cmc, regardless of the ionic properties of the surfactant micelles. However, in the HDAB solution, the intensity for some anionic fluorescent agents decreased first with an increase in concentration of HDAB, and then increased with an increase in concentration above cmc, and in HDPC solutions the intensity for all fluorescent agents only decreased monotonously. It was found that these rather complicating changes in fluorescence intensity depended on the extent of electrostatic, and hydrophobic interactions of the fluorescent agents with micelles as well as the ionic properties of the surfactants. In addition, disappearance of the fluorescence intensity due to HDPC was discussed in terms of the energy transfer from the fluorescent agents to HDPC in the favorable molecular arrangement. Concerning additives, pyridinium salts always decreased the intensity. This observation also supported the above interpretation.
  • 川井 信子, 中山 行穂, 松岡 貞男, 森 俊隆
    1985 年 34 巻 1 号 p. 25-31
    発行日: 1985/01/20
    公開日: 2009/11/10
    ジャーナル フリー
    Lepidocybium flavobrunneum (すみやき科=くろたちかます科, 和名 : あぶらそこむつ, 筋肉脂質に大量のワックスエステルを含む) の種々の組織 (筋肉, 腸管, 幽門垂, 肝臓, 心臓, じん臓, 卵巣, 腸内容物) の脂質組成について検討した。筋肉, 幽門垂及び肝臓は大量の脂質を含む。筋肉, 幽門垂, 腸管及び腸内容物の脂質は, 大量の不けん化物を含む (high unsap. tissue) が, 心臓, じん臓, 卵巣及び肝臓の脂質は少ししか含まない (low unsap. tissue) 。特に, 肝臓は3.5%しか含まない。
    high unsap. tissueの脂質は主にワックスエステルで, 不けん化物は脂肪族アルコールであった。ワックスエステルの種々の組織に対する局在性がみられた。18 : 1脂肪酸は, 種々の組織のワックスエステルフラクションの主な脂肪酸成分であった。しかし他の脂質フラクションでは, 16 : 0と22 : 6脂肪酸が18 : 1脂肪酸と比較し得るほど存在した。16 : 0と18 : 1脂肪族アルコールは, ワックスエステル及び遊離アルコールフラクションで主なアルコール成分であった。low unsap.tissue (特に肝臓) は, 大量の遊離脂肪酸が含まれるがこれはトリグリセリドが冷凍保存中に加水分解されて形成されたものと考えられる。
  • シスロー ジョゼフ.P
    1985 年 34 巻 1 号 p. 32-35
    発行日: 1985/01/20
    公開日: 2010/05/07
    ジャーナル フリー
    種々のアルキル鎖長 (C3~C16) を有するカルバゾール界面活性剤9- (1-アルキル) カルバゾール硫酸塩に関する, 洗浄力, 浮遊力, 乳化力, 凝集力などの界面化学的応用試験について検討した。
  • 鎌田 恒夫
    1985 年 34 巻 1 号 p. 36-41
    発行日: 1985/01/20
    公開日: 2009/11/10
    ジャーナル フリー
    A TLC-FID method to determine four glyceride types (S3, S2U, SU2, and U3) of fats was developed. Dipalmito-olein, palmito-diolein and triolein were quantitatively oxidised to the corresponding azelaoglycerides with KMnO4, but not tripalmitin. These azelaoglycerides and squalane added as an internal standard were separated on silica-gel TLC and determined with FID. Very good agreement between the determined and calculated compositions was obtained for some synthetic triglyceride mixtures with less polyenoic acid, but not for those with much polyenoic acid. The glyceride type composition of some natural oils and fats with less polyenoic and hydrogenated fats was determined by this method.
  • 野田 万次郎, 稲津 宜彦
    1985 年 34 巻 1 号 p. 42-47
    発行日: 1985/01/20
    公開日: 2009/11/10
    ジャーナル フリー
    A new analytical method by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry is described for detection and determination of [2, 2-2H2] stearic and [2, 2-2H2] oleic acids as stable isotopic tracers. The content of methyl esters of the [2, 2-2H2] fatty acids in a mixture of the corresponding labeled and unlabeled fatty acid methyl esters can be calculated from the proportion of the peak intensities of ions at m/z 76 and 74 due to the McLafferty rearrangement of fatty acid methyl esters. The method was applied to trace the nonenzymic and enzymic interesterification reactions using [2, 2-2H2] fatty acids as tracers.
  • 青山 稔, 丸山 武紀, 兼松 弘, 新谷 〓, 〓本 正人, 東海林 茂, 松本 太郎
    1985 年 34 巻 1 号 p. 48-52
    発行日: 1985/01/20
    公開日: 2009/11/10
    ジャーナル フリー
    The following two fry tests were carried out to investigate the synergistic antioxidant effects of tocopherol (Toc) and citric acid (CA), monoacylglyceryl citrate (MGC), L-ascorbic (AA) or erythorbic acid (EA) on fried foods. In Fry Test I, potato chips were fried once at 160°C with lard systems consisting of a mixture of d-Tocs and one of each of the synergists. Five fryings at 30 min intervals were carried out at 170°C for Fry Test II. Stability of the chips toward oxidation was evaluated primarily on the basis of changes in the POV of the chip lipid fraction during a storage at 60°C.
    1) All the tested synergists contributed enhanced the antioxidant effects of Toe on potato chips. The time required to attain POV 30 and for a perceivable odor to occur during storage at 60°C of EA CA>AA>MGC.
    2) Potato chips stored at 60°C showed a tendency such that the remaining Toc was higher with increased oxidative stability.
    3) In Fry Test II, there was little difference in POV, carbonyl value or total Toc content of lard containing CA or EA in the initial and final fryings. Also, the oxidative stability of chips fried in each lard system hardly varied with an increase in fry times, when stored at 60°C. Notably, the synergistic antioxidant effect of EA with Toc on potate chips was still maintained provided the lard system was heated at 170°C for 2h.
  • 大郷 万寿美, 金平 浩一, 藤田 芳司, 田能村 昌久
    1985 年 34 巻 1 号 p. 53-57
    発行日: 1985/01/20
    公開日: 2010/02/19
    ジャーナル フリー
    In order to find new aroma chemicals, various type of terpenoid compounds are prepared using prenyl chloride (1) as a raw material. The main reaction is the condensation of (1) and aldehydes with aqueous sodium hydroxide (ca. 50%) in the presence of a tetrabutylammonium iodide catalyst. The prenylated aldehydes (2) are converted to the corresponding alcohols (3), acetals (4) or nitriles (5). Alcohols (6) are also obtained from (2) and various allylic Grignard reagents. Those compounds are evaluated by their odor : 2, 5-Dimethyl-2-propyl-4-hexen-1-ol (3c), 2, 5-dimethy;-2-phenyl-4-hexenal (2 e), 2, 5-dimethyl-2- (p-methylphenyl) -4-hexenal (2 h), 2, 5-dimethyl-2-propyl-4-hexenal dimethyl acetal (4 c) each emited an odor that will qualify them for cosmetic application.
  • 日高 久夫, 村田 雅彦, 小内 敏明
    1985 年 34 巻 1 号 p. 58-61
    発行日: 1985/01/20
    公開日: 2009/11/10
    ジャーナル フリー
    2-ヒドロキシアルキル基を有するアミノ酸誘導体の両性界面活性剤を合成し, それらのサーモトロピック液晶性をDSC及びIRによって測定した。
    2-ヒドロキシアルキル鎖のヒドロキシル基が分子間水素結合により, サーモトロピック液晶形成に大切な役割を果たしている。
  • 野村 正人, 藤原 義人
    1985 年 34 巻 1 号 p. 62-65
    発行日: 1985/01/20
    公開日: 2009/11/10
    ジャーナル フリー
    As a part of research program for the synthesis of biologically active substances, the present study was undertaken to synthesize (Z) -9-tricosene (11), a sex pheromone of house fly (Musca domestica), and other related compounds, (Z) -13-heptacosene (12), (Z) -13-nonacosene (13) and (Z) -14-nonacosene (14). The starting materials including saturated aliphatic alcohols (1) (3) (C13 : 1-tridecanol, C14 1-tetradecanol, C15 : 1-pentadecanol) were processed with relatively simple procedures such as bromination, Grignard reaction and dehydration and the sex pheromones (11) (14) were obtained from compounds (1) (3), respectively with yields of 3944%. The IR, NMR, and MS spectra of alcoholic compounds (8) (10), precursors of the sex pheromone derivatives were also determined.
  • 岩橋 槙夫
    1985 年 34 巻 1 号 p. 66
    発行日: 1985/01/20
    公開日: 2009/11/10
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 松浦 良平
    1985 年 34 巻 1 号 p. 67-71
    発行日: 1985/01/20
    公開日: 2009/11/10
    ジャーナル フリー
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