A 73-year-old man was referred to our hospital for further examination of an intra-abdominal mass. An upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed a 0-IIa+IIc lesion on the lesser curvature of the middle body. The lesion was diagnosed as early gastric cancer (tub1, SM), and a partial gastrectomy was performed. Pathological evaluation revealed a well-differentiated intramucosal adenocarcinoma that had partially spread to the submucosa. On immunohistochemical examination, the lesion displayed an intestinal phenotype. The submucosal lesion had poor stromal reaction, and there was smooth muscle tissue surrounding the lesion. As mentioned earlier, we diagnosed the lesion as a gastric intramucosal cancer spreading to the submucosal heterotopic gastric glands.
The risks of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and acute leukemia are increased in patients previously treated for other malignancies. Therapy-related MDS (t-MDS) occurs after exposure to certain cytotoxic agents or radiation used for cancer treatment. We report a case of t-MDS following curative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) for esophageal and oropharyngeal cancer. An 80-year-old male diagnosed with double cancers of the esophagus and oropharynx underwent definitive CRT and achieved a complete response. Six years later, he became anemic, and bone marrow examination showed 3.4% blast cells with fine chromatin structures and basophilic cytoplasm. Cytogenetic analysis indicated a complex karyotype that included chromosome 5 and 7 abnormalities. These findings were consistent with t-MDS. Subsequently, he developed acute myeloid leukemia and died 8 months later. This case indicates that long-term surveillance is needed to closely monitor the risk of t-MDS in patients treated with CRT.
The first case of obstructive colitis (OC) was observed in a 71-year-old man who presented to our hospital complaining of frank blood in the stool. After receiving a laxative for bowel preparation, he complained of lower abdominal pain. Colonoscopy revealed a circumferential tumor at the rectosigmoid junction. Diffuse erythema with erosion and ulceration was observed 5cm proximal to the tumor. The second case of OC was observed in a 73-year-old man. He was admitted to our hospital for endoscopic resection of a colonic polyp. After receiving a laxative for bowel preparation, he complained of lower abdominal pain. Colonoscopy revealed that the rectum was filled with feces. Diffuse erythema with ulceration was observed in the part beyond the feces. In both cases, although the cause of the obstruction differed, the obstructing lesions were located at the rectum, and the OC appeared to be induced by laxative ingestion.
We present a case of a man in his 60s who had been in clinical remission of ulcerative colitis (UC) after treatment with 5ASA. Over the clinical course, he developed an isolated deep ulcer at the end of the ileum. There were moderate active UC findings in the rectum. We diagnosed a simple ulcer associated with UC and started treatment with azathioprine and infliximab (IFX). Shortly after the treatment, the ulcer began to scar. We report a rare case of a simple ulcer that accompanied UC, and for which IFX was effective.
A man was referred to our hospital because of malaise and abnormal liver function tests. He had had a kidney removed for early renal cell carcinoma. We performed ultrasonography, CT scan, and liver biopsy, all of which were normal. However, FDG-PET revealed abnormal, diffuse uptake in the bone. A bone biopsy showed abnormal clear cells resembling renal cell carcinoma. Because there was no other primary origin, this histopathological finding led to the diagnosis of bone metastasis of renal cell carcinoma, and the abnormal liver function test was thus inferred to be due to Stauffer syndrome.
A 19-year-old Japanese woman had been diagnosed with diabetes at the age of 9 years. She had a strong family history of diabetes, and genetic screening showed she had maturity-onset diabetes of the young type 3 (MODY3). Ultrasonography of the liver and magnetic resonance imaging showed multiple nodules consistent with hepatocellular adenoma (HA). Biopsy of the liver tumors revealed hepatocyte nuclear factor (HNF) 1α-inactivated HA. HA is known as a MODY3-related disease due to mutations in HNF1α. We present the first report of HA associated with MODY3 in Japan.