We studied as to whether the incidence of heart diseases in farm areas and in non-farm. areas is different or not. The areas, where the percentage of farm households exceeds 80 per cent of all the households in the areas, were defined by us as the farm areas, and the areas, where the percentage of non-farm households exceeds 80 per cent of all the households in the areas, were defined as the non-farm areas. As heart diseases were the following diseases defined: arteriosclerotic and degenerative heart disease, other heart disease, cardiac arrythmia, arterial disease, venous disease and disease of lymphatic vessel and lymphatic gland. We examined the consultation rates of heart diseases during about two years among all those who carried the National Health Insurance in Toyama Prefecture, comparing farm areas with non-farm areas. When the following two conditions were taken in consideration, such as the difference of the consultation rates of all the diseasesa nd the difference of the incidence of new diseases from those, who consulted doctors, in these two areas, the consultation rates of heart diseases in farm. areas were significantly higher than those in non-farm areas, as well as the consultation rates of hypertension and cerebrovascular disturbances Moreover, we divided all the diseases in 33 categories and studied the differences of the consultation rates of these diseases in farm areas and in non-farm areas, which were also reported.
We investigated, for the consecutive two years of 1964 and 1965, into the incidence and the percentage of hospitalization, etc. of cases of mental diseases in one city and four towns under the jurisdiction of the Fukuyama Health Center in Hiroshima Prefecture, including Fukuyama-shi Kannabe-cho Kamo-cho, Nnmakuma-cho and Utsumi-cho (total population of 219, 781 as of October 1, 1945). The results of sludy are as summarized below: 1) The reported cases-reported through the established procedure of flling and information, examined cases and hospitalized cases were, respectively, 72 cases, 62 cases and 58 cases (93.5%) in 1964, and 86 cases, 83 cases and 76 cases (90.6%) in 1965. The frequency of such reporting in 1965 was highest in May and July. 2) The total cases of mental diseases treated in hospitals during the years 1950 324 or 1.47 percent of the total population. 3) Of these 324 cases, schizophrenic cases held a majority of 252 cases (77.7%), and those that ranked second were alcoholic psychoses and senile psychoses both numbering 14 cases (4.3%). 4) The analysis of such 324 in-patients by age resulted in: 90 cases (27.7%) in the 25-34 age bracket, 83 cases (25.6%) in the 35-44 age bracket and only 1 cases under 14 years of age. 5) The classiflcation of the same cases by the sources of sustenance indicated: 115 cases (35.4%) sustained under Article 29 of the Mental Hygiene Law, 107 cases (33.0%) assisted under the Livelihood Protection Law, 37 cases (11.4%) paid under the National Health Insurance Law, 60 cases (18.5%) under the Health Insurance Law and 5 cases (1.5%) sustained from other sources. 6) Of these 234, the number of cases hospitalized with the public fund under the application of Article 29 of the Mental Hygiene Law and the Livelihood Protection Law was 222, the 126 cases (56.7%) of which were unmarried.And 94 (87.8%) of the 107 patients paid under the Livelihood Protection Law were also the heads of the households. 7) According to the survey conducted as of March 31, 1966, out of such 324 patients 72 cases (22.2%) were discharged within 3 years of hospitalization, and 83 cases (25.6%) had been hospitalized already more than 5 years. 8) According to the 1964 survey, the capacity of mental hospitals per 100, 000 population was 168.3 in Hiroshima Prefecture as a whole, but 127.8 within the jurisdiction of the Fukuyama Health Center, considerably short of the need.