日本農村医学会雑誌
Online ISSN : 1349-7421
Print ISSN : 0468-2513
ISSN-L : 0468-2513
24 巻 , 4 号
選択された号の論文の9件中1~9を表示しています
  • 若月 俊一, 菅野 二郎, 林 茂樹, 松島 松翠, 北出 公俊, 有馬 和雄
    1975 年 24 巻 4 号 p. 571-594
    発行日: 1975/12/01
    公開日: 2011/02/17
    ジャーナル フリー
    1. 昭和48年と昭和49年の2年にわたり, 全国の5つの病院において, 罹病調査と有病調査を実施した。登録し得た疾病件数は, 前者では160, 309件, 後者では33, 549件である。
    2. 罹病調査では, 呼吸器系疾患, 消化器系疾患, 神経系・感覚器疾患, 等が多く, 有病調査では, 循環器系疾患, 消化器系疾患, 呼吸器系疾患等が多かった。すなわち, 感冒, 急性咽頭炎など比較的経過の短いものは前者に多く, 高血圧など経過の長いものは後者に多かった。
    3. 性別にみると, 消化器系疾患, 呼吸器系疾患, 不慮の事故, 外傷などは男子に多く, 性尿器系疾患 (膀胱炎等) は女子に多かった。
    4. 年代別では20~29才の「お嫁さん」年令の罹患がもっとも多かった。また一般に乳幼児, 小児では, 呼吸器系疾患, 青年・中年層では消化器系疾患, 高年層では循環器系疾患が多くみられた。
    5. 職業別では, とくに農家や「農業を主」としているものに, 循環器系疾患, 筋骨格系・結合織疾患, 新生物が多くみられた。とくに筋骨格系・結合織疾患は, 専農女子に多く, 不慮の事故は兼農男子に多くみられた。また非農に多いものは呼吸器系疾患, 皮膚疾患であった。
    6. 20年前の罹患調査と比較して, 著しく減少しているのは, 伝染病・寄生虫疾患であり, 増加しているのは, 循環器系疾患, 呼吸器系疾患, 消化器系疾患, 性尿器系疾患, 精神病, 不慮の事故・外傷等であった。すなわち, 感染性の疾患は少くなり, 慢性の成人病を中心とする疾患がふえつつあるといえる。
  • 宮下 厚, 東海林 文夫, 郷路 勉
    1975 年 24 巻 4 号 p. 595-600
    発行日: 1975/12/01
    公開日: 2011/02/17
    ジャーナル フリー
    Statistical analyses on out-patients, in-patients and operations were reported. The incidence of important clinical diseases were as follows: lower urinary tract infection of 23.6%, upper urinary tract infection of 8.0%, urinary calculus of 9.0%, benign prostatic hypertrophy of 5.0%, urogenital neoplasma of 4.0%, urogenital tuberculosis of 2.4% in out-patients from 1969 to 1973. The numbers of out-patients and in-patients were increasing year after year, especially in urinary calculi, urogenital neoplasmas and benign prostatic hypertrophys. Total numbers of surgery excluding examinations and needle biopsies were 605, with 456 males and 149 females. Main operative statistics were as follows: numbers of surgeries of kidney and ureter 218, those of urinary bladder 70, those of prostate 136, those of plastic operations with large and small intestine 28, those of penis, testicle, epididymis and urethra 115, those of adrenal 3, and others 25. Regarding those data, our roles to this district and medical system were discussed.
  • 宮下 厚, 郷路 勉, 馬場 弘二郎
    1975 年 24 巻 4 号 p. 601-606
    発行日: 1975/12/01
    公開日: 2011/02/17
    ジャーナル フリー
    Open surgery in 107 cases with prostatic hypertrophy and TUR in 97 cases with prostatism were performed at the Urological Department of Ibaraki Central Hospital during 1963 to 1973. Main statistics were as follows: Mortality rates of open surgery and TUR were 1.9%(2 cases) and 0%, respectively. Average ages of operated patients in open surgeries and TUR were 70.0 and 70.7 years old. Average bleeding amount in 47 cases (from 1971 to 1973) of suprapubic prostatectomy was 340ml. with operative time of 73minutes. The results of enquete showed that voiding power after operations was improved subjectively in all patients but one case treated by open surgery and all patients but 2 cases treated by TUR, respectively.
    Regarding these data, problems of prostatic diseases and surgeries were discussed. Total numbers of prostatic diseases in Ibaraki district in 1972 were 464 cases (21.7/100, 000 population), with 64 cases of prostatic cancer (3.0/100, 000 population, or 32/100, 000 population over 50 years old male), 359 of benign prostatic hypertrophy and 41 of bladder neck contracture.
  • 高橋 政教, 井口 弘三, 笠川 宏子, 若井 司郎, 石見 貞次, 木村 正方
    1975 年 24 巻 4 号 p. 607-614
    発行日: 1975/12/01
    公開日: 2011/02/17
    ジャーナル フリー
    Each of the 1, 000-times dilute solution of both drugs, Salithion and Sumithion, were experimentally sprayed over rabbits in vinyl greenhouses at a rate of five hours a day for three consecutive days. Changes in the residual quantity of the drugs in the blood and also in the quantity of PNMC, a metabolite of Sumithion in urine, were measured with the passage of time after the spraying. At the same time, the liver functions of the rabbits were checked and they were also subjected to a urinalysis and a pathohistological examination. The conclusions drawn from these studies are as follows:
    1) No abnormal findings were observed on the appearance of the rabbits exposed to Salithion and Sumithion. Nor were there any abnormalities in the ophthalmologic findings, especially, in the funduscopic findings, at 10 and 30 days after the spraying of these drugs.
    2) The residual quantity of both drugs in all the experimented rabbit's blood was measured immediately after the spraying. However, these drugs later disappeared rapidly from the blood, and they could not be detected 10 days after the spraying.
    3) There was a significant rise in the quantity of PNMC 24 hours after the spraying. Later, it decreased rapidly. Ten days after the spraying, its values returned to normal level before the spraying.
    4) With respect to the serum ChE level, the changes in the groups exposed to Salithion and Sumithion were the same as those in the control groups. So, any influences were not observed on serum ChE by the spraying of these drugs.
    5) In the liver function test, urinalysis and pathohistological examination, no abnomal findings attributable to the inhalation of both drugs were observed.
    6) The drug concentration in the air in the vinyl greenhouses at the time of their spraying was 61.5μg/m3 for Salithion and 30.1μg/m3 for Sumithion.
  • 藤田 邦彦
    1975 年 24 巻 4 号 p. 615-619
    発行日: 1975/12/01
    公開日: 2011/02/17
    ジャーナル フリー
    1) 208 patients who had external ocular bacterial infections (conjunctivitis, holdeolum, dacryocystitis) were observed on organismus, sensitivitis test and therapeutic effect from 1972 to 1974 on rural area in Nagano prefecture.
    2) The most common organismus was Staphylococcus epidermidis (23.1%) Haemophilus influenzae, Staphylococcus aureus, α-Streptococcus and Diplococcus pheumoniae were found in more than 10%. Pseudonomas aeruginosa and Klebsilla were not found. This tendency was seen in the city previously.
    3) Cases of 2 or more organismus isolated found in 37%, this percentage was higher than previous paper.
    4) The results of sensitivity test showed the most effective antibiotics were KM and GM.The most effective instillation was KM.
  • 井上 喜美雄, 三好 久視, 塚本 穆, 堀内 登, 斉藤 純悦
    1975 年 24 巻 4 号 p. 620-632
    発行日: 1975/12/01
    公開日: 2011/02/17
    ジャーナル フリー
    In the insured of the agricultural cooperative life insurance program (12, 156, 022 cases), 12, 588 persons were involved in accidents in 1973 fiscal year. The following analysis was conducted on these 12, 588 persons with special reference to the 2, 218 persons who were involved in farm machine accidents.
    1. There were 3, 945 cases of traffic accidents. Of them, there were 2, 499 deaths and the fatality ratio stood at as high as 63.3%. There were 57 cases of traffic accidents involving farm machines. Of them, there were 42 deaths and the fatality rate was evidently high with 73.6%
    2. There were 54 deaths caused by farm machines excluding those caused by traffic accidents. Of them, 45 were caused by cultivators. The ratio was extremely high with 83.3%.
    3. Of the 45 deaths caused by cultivators, 26 were the cases in which the operators were pressed by fallen cultivators. In 13 cases, the operators were caught in between the machine and tree or building.
    4. There were the other 2, 164 cases of farm machine accidents in which the patients were later seized with sequelae. Of these cases, 564 cases (26.0%) were caused by cultivators, 379 cases (17.5%) by thrashing machines and 316 cases (14.6%) by reapers. The accidents caused by these three types of machines accounted for 1, 259 cases (58.1%).
    5. In the overwhelmingly large portion of the cases of accidents, sequelae broke out in fingers. Thus, 89.6% of those who were involved in machine accidents suffered from sequelae in fingers.
    6. There were 1, 939 cases of finger accidents, of which 1, 032 accidents were caused by machine belts and 441 by machine blades. The accidents caused by these two items accounted for 75.9%.
    7. From the statistical analysis, it might be said that the correlation coefficients between the number of farm machines available in a given area and that of accidents are less significant for cultivators and reapers, and that the environmental and working conditions are just as important elements as the number of machines.
  • Keizo Fujii, Yoshinori Iriuda, Kazuhiko Masuda, Hiroko Tanaka
    1975 年 24 巻 4 号 p. 633-634
    発行日: 1975/12/01
    公開日: 2011/02/17
    ジャーナル フリー
  • Keizo Fujii, Chihiro Sekiya, Koji Naka, Hidenori Nakai
    1975 年 24 巻 4 号 p. 635-638
    発行日: 1975/12/01
    公開日: 2011/02/17
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 柳沢 利喜雄
    1975 年 24 巻 4 号 p. 639
    発行日: 1975/12/01
    公開日: 2011/02/17
    ジャーナル フリー
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