栄養学雑誌
Online ISSN : 1883-7921
Print ISSN : 0021-5147
ISSN-L : 0021-5147
16 巻 , 3 号
選択された号の論文の6件中1~6を表示しています
  • 長嶺 晋吉, 久我 達郎, 山川 喜久江, 大島 寿美子, 鈴木 慎次郎
    1958 年 16 巻 3 号 p. 71-78
    発行日: 1958年
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    The correlation analyses of the body composition were studied on 14 men who were members of our institute as the first experiment for the purpose of evaluation of human nutritional status. The mean age of these men was 21.9 years old. All measurements were conducted at fasting condition in the forenoon.
    Methods: The basal metabolism was measured by Douglas-bag method. The skinfolds were measured with the Minnesota caliper model at the pressure of 10g/mm2 of the skin surface, and at five sites of the chest, upper arm, upper ileocrista, subscapula and upper knee. The body density was computed from the volume of displaced water by submersed body at the maximal expiration, the body weight in air and the residual lung volume. The volume of displaced water was determined by reading the side burette which was attached to the tank. The error of this method was estimated about ±100ml. The residual air was determined by the forced breathing method of Lundsgaard and Van Slyke. The nitrogen contents of the oxygen gas, expired gas and alveolar air were analysed with the Showlander's apparatus. The body water measurements were made by the antipyrine space method of Brodie and Soberman et al. The serum cholesterol was determined by the modification of Bloor's method.
    Results: The mean skinfold thickness of six sites was 5.8mm (table 1). This value was only about a half of that in the reports for American (Brozek, Neeman, Pascale).
    The body density was in the range of 1.0542 to 1.0903 and showed a mean value of 1.0725. The body water (antipyrine space) was in the range of 47 to 65% of body weight and was 57.6% as a mean value.
    The body fat estimated from the antipyrine space showed the variable values of 19.0, 19.7 and 21.3% of body weight respectively according to each author's equation, and the fat values calculated from the body density by the equations of Keys and Brozek and Pace and Rathhun were 9.0 and 13.0%, as shown in table 2. Such as this, the coincidence was not recognized between the body fat values calculated from the antipyrine space and from the body density.
    In the correlations between body density and various skinfold thicknesses, the coefficient value was the highest on the chest and were higher on the upper arm and subscapula as shown in table 3. The correlation between body density and the sum of skinfold thicknesses of six sites showed the fairly high value of γ=-0.71.
    The correlations of the basal metabolism (cal/hr.) to the body weight (kg.), body surface area (m2) and fat-free body mass (kg.) were γ=0.626, γ=0.872, γ=0.874 respectively as shown in table 3. These coefficient values showed that the correlation of the basal metabolism to the fat-free mass was as high as to the body surface. In the correlations of basal metabolism (cal/hr. kg.) to the body density and to the skinfold thickness (the sum of six sites) fairly high coefficients of γ=0.780 and γ=-0.819 were seen.
    The correlation between the serum cholesterol and the skinfold thickness was not recognized in these healthy subjects.
  • 高居 百合子
    1958 年 16 巻 3 号 p. 79-90
    発行日: 1958年
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 井上 憲政, 大嶋 竹一
    1958 年 16 巻 3 号 p. 91-92
    発行日: 1958年
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    東京都内の市販納豆14種, うち稲藁苞納豆7種と経木包納豆7種について Aerobacter 型細菌の検出と分離を試み, 次のような成績を得た。
    (1) 納豆試料は稲藁苞納豆にせよ, 経木包納豆にせよ略ぼ70%の Aerobacter 型細菌を検出した。
    (2) 納豆試料10種のうち稲藁苞納豆5種及び経木納豆5種について Aerobacter 型細菌を分離し, 各分離細菌について, その細菌学的諸性状を検し, 分離菌10株中7株は Aerobacter aerogcnes, 2株は Aerobacter cloacae, 1株は Aerobacter mannanolyticus と同定した。
  • 綾野 雄幸, 橋本 タニ, 井上 憲政
    1958 年 16 巻 3 号 p. 93-95
    発行日: 1958年
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    乳糖及びヨーグルト添加が大腸菌群細菌の増殖を禁抑し, Streptococci 型菌 (Lactic Streptococci 型菌と推定される) や Lactobacilli の増殖に効果のあることが分つた。何れにせよこれはヨーグルトの単用のみではなく, 牛乳, 乳糖などの乳酸菌の増殖用培地になる食餌成分を与えることによつて効果の顕れることが大体推察される。
  • 綾野 雄幸
    1958 年 16 巻 3 号 p. 97-99
    発行日: 1958年
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    市販罐詰オレンヂ・ジユース10罐について, そのビタミンP含量 (Flavanoids) の測定を試みたが, ジユース100cc中 Hesperidin として最高145mg, 最低27.5mgであつた。
  • T. W. Goodwin, 北川 三郎
    1958 年 16 巻 3 号 p. 101-106
    発行日: 1958年
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
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