A tentative plan to carry out a standard feeding diet for childhood diabetes subjects in a summer camp has been proposed in Part 1 of this paper. After the summer camp ended the children spending their usual daily family life were observed under the same standard feeding diet. The results were as follows: (1) In many cases the variation of blood sugar within one day was smaller in family life than in the summer camp. (2) The energy intake of each meal and the energy consumed during the period between the next meal were computed. The energy balance in the family life was apt to be lose as compared to the summer camp. In such cases outdoor exercises were regulated. However, to too active children an adequate amount of sugar was given before exercises, and for vigourless children refusing exercises the amount of insulin was increased. From these results it was confirmed that the standard feeding diet plan in the summer camp can also be applied to daily family life.
This paper is the first part of a series intended to present the results of a study on the actual conditions and obstacles in working women's dietary life. The object of this paper is to show the influence of circulatory shift work and the family composition upon dietary life. The number of subjects who were telephone operators accounted 205. The results were as follows: 1. Those who took two meals a day amounted to about one third of all. Therefore, the nutritive intake was lower than national levels, especially in Vitamins A and B2. 2. In the relation between dietary life and shift work, those who did not take three meals a day varied according to the time of shift work. But the influence of shift work upon the dietary conditions extended to all those engaged in circulation of shift work. 3. The family composition had influence on the regularity of breakfast, therfore the rate of omission of meals, and obstacles for the improvement of dietary life. Many of them who lived alone or single women living with their family took two meals a day. But there was no remarkable difference in the nutritive intake among families of different types. These results may indicate that breakfast was not a square meal in any case.
It is said that a mode of human life changes together with socioeconomic and cultural transformation. A survey was carried out on the everyday life of 47 part-time high school girl students. This communication is concerned with the results of an analysis of 64 dietary pattern composed of many factors such as number of dishes, kinds of cereals and the place of meal. The food pattern by meal interval is also studied: 1) The hour of rising and bed-in has certain regularity. 2) The variety of mealtime is observed. 3) As the hours of activity increase, meals are taken more times. The average times of meal are 3.6. 4) In relation to the last meal those who eat rice or bread at the last meal have tendency to take rice or bread again, respectively. Those who eat meal by four hour interval scarcely take more than 3 dishes. Without regarding the interval of meal, about 40 percent students take only one or two dishes. It seems to be important in respect of food-refuse.
After the 2nd World War, the physical growth of school children and pupils, which was severely damaged by the War, has been imporoved year by year as the food supply in our country has become better. Especially, children in Tokyo Metropolis were superior in their growth to those living in other areas. In recent years, however, the rate of increase in their growth has become rather dull and has been surpassed by some other prefectures. This paper is to report about their nutrient intakes which could have given influence on their growth tendency. The results of a comparison of Tokyo children and Miyagi children revealed that the amounts and the quality of the nutrients ingested by Miyagi children have been remarkably improved during these 20 years, and consequently their physical growth has surpassed that of Tokyo children. These facts indicate, of course, that the regional public nutrition education is very important to promote the children's growth and health.