栄養学雑誌
Online ISSN : 1883-7921
Print ISSN : 0021-5147
ISSN-L : 0021-5147
35 巻 , 2 号
選択された号の論文の7件中1~7を表示しています
  • 安武 律, 金崎 邦子, 河野 由起子, 陣内 ヒロミ, 高光 敏子, 三村 悟郎, 陣内 冨男, 坂本 安弘, 城戸 〓爾, 梶原 敬三, ...
    1977 年 35 巻 2 号 p. 69-78
    発行日: 1977/03/25
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    A tentative plan to carry out a standard feeding diet for childhood diabetes subjects in a summer camp has been proposed in Part 1 of this paper.
    After the summer camp ended the children spending their usual daily family life were observed under the same standard feeding diet. The results were as follows:
    (1) In many cases the variation of blood sugar within one day was smaller in family life than in the summer camp.
    (2) The energy intake of each meal and the energy consumed during the period between the next meal were computed. The energy balance in the family life was apt to be lose as compared to the summer camp. In such cases outdoor exercises were regulated. However, to too active children an adequate amount of sugar was given before exercises, and for vigourless children refusing exercises the amount of insulin was increased. From these results it was confirmed that the standard feeding diet plan in the summer camp can also be applied to daily family life.
  • 石黒 弘三, 伊藤 静子
    1977 年 35 巻 2 号 p. 79-85
    発行日: 1977/03/25
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    農村婦人に多発的傾向の貧血の要因を解明する目的で, 東北地方の1農村に在住する貧血婦人の栄養摂取状況を血液値との関連でとらえ, かつそれらを同地域の非貧血婦人のものと比較する調査を実施した。
    貧血婦人は一般にビタミンB1, エネルギーおよびたん白質の摂取量が少なく, とくにビタミンB1摂取量は非貧血者に比して有意に低値であり, エネルギー摂取量も平均で150Cal不足していた。鉄摂取量は成分表から計算された値では充足されていたが, 実測値ではかなり低値であった。この点は将来さらに検討する必要がある。
    貧血, 非貧血婦人をまとめた全対象者において, ヘモグロビンは血清鉄のみならず, 血清コレステロールおよび血清たん白質どの間においても有意の正相関を示した。
    これらの成績から, 農村婦人に高頻度にみられる貧血を改善するためには, 鉄や動物性たん白質の摂取量を増すことに加えて, 脂肪およびたん白質摂取を含めた日々の食事におけるエネルギー摂取量に充分な考慮がはらわれなければならないものと考える。
  • 永山 育子
    1977 年 35 巻 2 号 p. 87-94
    発行日: 1977/03/25
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    This paper is the first part of a series intended to present the results of a study on the actual conditions and obstacles in working women's dietary life. The object of this paper is to show the influence of circulatory shift work and the family composition upon dietary life. The number of subjects who were telephone operators accounted 205. The results were as follows:
    1. Those who took two meals a day amounted to about one third of all. Therefore, the nutritive intake was lower than national levels, especially in Vitamins A and B2.
    2. In the relation between dietary life and shift work, those who did not take three meals a day varied according to the time of shift work. But the influence of shift work upon the dietary conditions extended to all those engaged in circulation of shift work.
    3. The family composition had influence on the regularity of breakfast, therfore the rate of omission of meals, and obstacles for the improvement of dietary life. Many of them who lived alone or single women living with their family took two meals a day. But there was no remarkable difference in the nutritive intake among families of different types. These results may indicate that breakfast was not a square meal in any case.
  • 島矢 寿々子, 橘 雅子, 武藤 志真子, 秋山 房雄
    1977 年 35 巻 2 号 p. 95-100
    発行日: 1977/03/25
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    It is said that a mode of human life changes together with socioeconomic and cultural transformation. A survey was carried out on the everyday life of 47 part-time high school girl students. This communication is concerned with the results of an analysis of 64 dietary pattern composed of many factors such as number of dishes, kinds of cereals and the place of meal. The food pattern by meal interval is also studied:
    1) The hour of rising and bed-in has certain regularity.
    2) The variety of mealtime is observed.
    3) As the hours of activity increase, meals are taken more times. The average times of meal are 3.6.
    4) In relation to the last meal those who eat rice or bread at the last meal have tendency to take rice or bread again, respectively.
    Those who eat meal by four hour interval scarcely take more than 3 dishes. Without regarding the interval of meal, about 40 percent students take only one or two dishes. It seems to be important in respect of food-refuse.
  • 岩谷 昌子, 小畠 義樹, 田村 盈之輔
    1977 年 35 巻 2 号 p. 101-107
    発行日: 1977/03/25
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    南氷洋で捕獲されたオキアミ (Euphausia sperba) のたん白質の栄養価をラットによる動物実験で測定した。
    1. オキアミたん白質は煮熟オキアミについては, 体重増加量, PER, NPRともにカゼインとほぼ等しく, また全卵たん白質より劣ることを確かめた。
    2. Slope ratio 法によるRNV (標準たん白質を全卵たん白質として) は煮熟オキアミ87.4, カゼイン77.6となった。
    3. オキアミたん白の生物価は煮熟オキアミ82.2, 生オキアミ77.6, アルカリ抽出たん白質84.9, 内臓除去煮熟オキアミ87.4となり生オキアミより煮熟オキアミが高かった。また生オキアミの消化吸収率は88.8%で煮熟オキアミの91.7%に対し低かった。
  • 平山 昌子, 宮崎 基嘉, 福井 忠孝
    1977 年 35 巻 2 号 p. 109-115
    発行日: 1977/03/25
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    After the 2nd World War, the physical growth of school children and pupils, which was severely damaged by the War, has been imporoved year by year as the food supply in our country has become better. Especially, children in Tokyo Metropolis were superior in their growth to those living in other areas.
    In recent years, however, the rate of increase in their growth has become rather dull and has been surpassed by some other prefectures.
    This paper is to report about their nutrient intakes which could have given influence on their growth tendency.
    The results of a comparison of Tokyo children and Miyagi children revealed that the amounts and the quality of the nutrients ingested by Miyagi children have been remarkably improved during these 20 years, and consequently their physical growth has surpassed that of Tokyo children.
    These facts indicate, of course, that the regional public nutrition education is very important to promote the children's growth and health.
  • 松野 信郎, 野村 美弥
    1977 年 35 巻 2 号 p. 117-129
    発行日: 1977/03/25
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    1. FAOのアミノ酸組成表 (1970) から, 210種類の食品のEAA-index およびA/T比化学価を算出表に示した。
    2. 5種類の全卵必須アミノ酸組成〔FAO/WHO (1973), FAO (1970), FAO/WHO (1965), 日本(1966) 英国 (1970)〕, を比較基準として, 30種類の食品のEAA-index およびA/T比化学価を算出比較した。全卵のアミノ酸組成の相違により EAA-index, A/T比化学価ともに明らかな差は見られなかった。
    3. 53種類の食品について生物価とEAA-index あるいはA/T比化学価との関係をみたが, 生物価とEAA-index の相関係数は+0.60, A/T比化学価との相関係数は0.63であった。
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