When we make a standard menu suitable for Japanese, it is necessary to know the actual dietetic pattern prevailing among them. This report is concerned with the results of a survey on pattern of menus of breakfast, lunch and supper of the general households in a large city and a suburban town. This kinds of side dishes were full of variety, and the numbers of these dishes were per 100 households, 89 in breakfast, 121 in lunch and 125 in supper. Misosoup and Tsukemono (pickles) were most widely utilized followed by raw eggs, broiled fish and “Ohitashi (boild vegetables). It seems that these kinds of side-dishes are most typical patterns still prevailing among Japanese people. About 36% of the households surveyed prepared 3 dishes a meal. As the staple foods, rice was mostly utilized either in breakfast, lunch and supper. Bread was used more in the large city than in the suburban town which was the most striking difference between these two areas. Of the protein sources eggs and fish were prominently employed in both the areas. The proportion of the cooked foods and uncooked foods such as raw eggs, natto, ham, sausage and fresh vegetable was also observed. More uncooked foods were used in the large town throughout three meals, especially in breakfast about a half was served uncooked.
We observed in the Diabetics which is most effective the diet therapy, the medical therapy and the diet, the medical both using therapy. Rat serum glucose was mesured during the course of the diabetics induction by Aloxan. As the diet therapy low-carbohydrate diet was used. As the diet, the medical therapy high-carbohydrate containing to HB 113 and low-carbohydrate diet containing to HB 113 (medicine has the effect for falling down serum glucose level) was used. We could observed both high-carbohydrate and low-carbohydrate diet containing to medicine alowed more effective for falling the serum glucose than low-carbohydrate diet only in the course of serum glucose level.
Rat serum complement was mesured during the course of hepatoma induction by D. A. B. in the different protein intake. The animal consists of a group of rats feeded by high protein diet (protein content 26%) and another group of rats fed by moderate protein diet (protein content 13%) containg 0.005% D. A. B.. Serum complement was mesured 2, 4, and 6 months (8 months for high protein diet group) after the onset of D. A. B. feeding. All the rats were sacrificed 6 months after D. A. B. feeding and the high protein diet group 8 months after and the liver and spleen were studied. In the high protein group the serum complement dropped 4 months after D. A. B. feeding whic gradually elevated from 6th to 8th month but still to be lower than the control group. On 8 hht month after D. A. B. feeding none of the rats developed hepatoma, which the spleen showed non remarkable follicular atrophy. In the moderate protein feeding group the serum complement dropped 2 months faster tha of the high protein feeding group and Hepatoma develop much heavier and became malignant at a faster rate than that of the high protein feeding group.
During summer camp for diabetic children their daily lives were strictly controlled by medical care. The diet, consisted of Protein 20%, Fat 30%, Carbohydrate 50%, was controlled through the amount of glucose in urine and blood glucose. Individual diet for each patient is an important factor.
The authers surveyed baily food intake of 102 obese school children and studied the effectiveness of reducing diet. Six types of low Calorie diet were used: for elder school children 2200, 2000 and 1500 Calorie diet, for younger school children 1800, 1500 and 1200 Calorie diet. As a pattern of reducing diet, rice and fatty food were restricted; milk, milk product, fruit and vegetables other than starchy ones were increased. About 60% of the children could reduce their weight.
During 3 weeks of summer vacation 7 obese children, 7-11 years old, were fed 1500 Calorie diet containing 70g of protein. Before supper a large cup of soup and raw vegetable dish were given, which helped to satisfy their hunger with low calorie supper. Six children could reduce their weight.