栄養学雑誌
Online ISSN : 1883-7921
Print ISSN : 0021-5147
ISSN-L : 0021-5147
27 巻 , 6 号
選択された号の論文の9件中1~9を表示しています
  • 大礒 敏雄
    1969 年 27 巻 6 号 p. 249-250
    発行日: 1969年
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 鈴木 秀雄
    1969 年 27 巻 6 号 p. 251-256
    発行日: 1969年
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    うさぎ♂45匹を318日飼育して, そのうちコントロール群15匹を除いた30匹について最初の140日間を動脉硬化発生食で飼い, その後は標準食と10%米油食とに切替えて, 動脉硬化の治癒経過を追求した。その結果を要約すると次の如くであった。
    1) 標準食切替群も米油切替群も動詠硬化発生当時より全身的にまた諸内臓の各所見においても著明に治癒の傾向を示した。即ち, 動脉硬化発生食に伴う体重や全血比重は回復し, コントロール群と全く同じになり, また, 肝, 脾臓, 副腎の肥大も減少しコントロール群に近くなった。更に化学的所見, 例えば血清コレステロール, 肝コレステロール, 肝脂肪量, 大動脉コレステロールなどにおいても著明に減少してきてコントロール群に近づいた。
    2) 大動脉所見は大動脉コレステロール含量と平行関係にあってよく一致した。一方, 血清コレステロール水準は大動脉コレステロールを直接表わすというよりも, むしろ肝コレステロールの如き貯蔵性のコレステロール水準との関係が深い様相がうかがえた。
    3) 標準食切替群と10%米油切替群との間の治癒傾向の差異は, 米油群の方が肝コレステロール, 大動脉コレステロール, 大動脉所見などにおいて治癒経過の良好な傾向を示したが, この実験条件では期待した程の差異は認められなかったので, なお実験条件などの検討が必要と考えられる。
    4) 前回の成績と併せ考えるとコーン油や米油などの植物油は, 一度発生した動脉硬化症に対してもある程度の治癒力をもたらすことが結論としていえよう。
    しかし, 何れにせよ一度発生した動脉硬化はその治癒に非常な時期を要し, 根治は困難と思われるので治癒より予防に重点をおくべきものといえよう。
  • 細川 和子
    1969 年 27 巻 6 号 p. 257-266
    発行日: 1969年
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    Correlationship between degree of lipids deterioration and relative protein digestibility was investigated by means of in vitro enzyme digestion of dried Herring Meat stored under various conditions during summer season with average daily room temperature of 29°C at the day of 10, 24 and 38 in the experimental period.
    Light, temperature and humidity were the most important factors for deterioration of lipids in the dried fish meat, and the factors above mentioned also lead the enzyme digestibility to be low in case of the lipids in the fish meat were rancid.
    If the dried fish meat was stored under the best condition being dark, low temperature, and low humidity environment, refrigerator, duration of the storing should be need within 10 days.
  • 辻 悦子, 辻 啓介, 大島 寿美子, 鈴木 慎次郎
    1969 年 27 巻 6 号 p. 267-272
    発行日: 1969年
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    白ネズミに高蛋白高脂肪食および高糖質食を与え, これを更に運動負荷の有無の2群に分けて合計4群として7週間飼育した。毎週1回体重測定および採尿を行ない, 尿中17-KS排泄量および尿中クレアチニン排泄量を測定した。
    1. 17-KSの排泄は食餌により影響を受け, 高蛋白高脂肪食群に排泄の増加が認められた。体重当り排泄量についてみると, 各群とも日数の経過と共に減少し, また高糖質食群が総じて17日KS高レベルを示した。
    2. 17-KSに与える運動の影響は, 運動量が未だ少ない時期であったため判然とはしないが, 平均的には排泄を増加させる傾向にあった。
    3. 尿中クレアチニン排泄量におよぼす食餌の影響は1日当り排泄量においては見られたが, 体重当り排泄量では差は認められなかった。このことは食餌による直接的影響ではなく, むしろ体重によるものと思われる。
  • 今村 知子
    1969 年 27 巻 6 号 p. 273-279
    発行日: 1969年
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    Recently obese women attempt to decrease their body weights in the view point of beauty as well as of health. We treated 11 obese women aged from 32 to 44 for a period of one year and six months. This treatment is not accompanied with any pain or any disturbance of daily life. The patients had exercised physically for an hour once or twice a week. Calories of their diets were limited in 1800Cal/day but their diets consist of rich protein and fat.
    Before and after the treatment, anthropometry such as body weight, skinfold thickness, girth of waist, girth of hip; Carlson test and clinical examinations were carried out and we compared of them. Body weights had distinctly decreased in all cases.
    We proved that decrease of body weights was due to fat loss, not to lean body mass. All of them became somewhat lean and are now healthier than before treatment.
  • 細川 和子
    1969 年 27 巻 6 号 p. 280-290
    発行日: 1969年
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    In the previous paper, results obtained from storage experiment of dried meat of Herring were reported.
    This paper is the report regarding with results obtained from dried meat of Pacific Saury preserved at various conditions. Results obtained from this experiment showed the similarity to the previous one. Significant differences were found out between the results of dried meat of Herring and of Pacific Saury concerning with their fat.
    In this paper, three kinds of experimental results and discussions are performed.
    1) On relative enzyme digestibility of protein of dried Pacific Saury meat under the various storage conditions.
    2) On deterioration of fat of the dried meat.
    3) On correlationship of relative enzyme digestibility of the dried meat and deterioration of fat of the dried meat.
  • 渡辺 和子, 磯部 しづ子
    1969 年 27 巻 6 号 p. 291-295
    発行日: 1969年
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    The appropriate period of the dietary survey is one of the most important factor to carry out the survey.
    This paper is to report about our study concerning the duration of the survey period. The data of the National Nutrition Survey and other were used to examine, and each average nutrition intake from 1 day to 7 days was compared and examined statistically, and no significant difference was recognized among them.
    The variations of the individual groups or persons in all the nutrient intakes are considerably great. but the rate of convergence of the cumulative days is smaller as the period is longer.
    From the above it may be concluded that the longer the period the better is the result.
  • 石松 成子
    1969 年 27 巻 6 号 p. 296-302
    発行日: 1969年
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    Studies on the food patterns of infants have little data as compared with the data of babies and school children, so, as the first step of the studies on the food patterns of infants, we investigated the contents of lunch of kindergarten children on 4 and 5 years of age.
    The following is our results of investigation.
    1) As for life environment of 4 years old children and 5 years old, there is no significant difference between the former and the latter on school career of their parents, income and age of their mother, but as a degree of care for children, the former mother is stronger than latter.
    2) About quality of the lunch, 4 years old children have lower cereal-caloric ratio than the 5 years' infants. As a speciality of “Bento”, animal protein calorie ratio is high in both age groups.
    3) Though quantity is little, lunch price of 4 years old infants is higher.
    Generally, the contents of lunch of 4 years old children, in nutritive value and price, seem favorable and desirable.
  • 平山 昌子
    1969 年 27 巻 6 号 p. 303-306
    発行日: 1969年
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    As a series of study on the dietetic pattern of the Japanese, another dietary survey was carried out on patterns of the menus of breakfast, lunch and supper of the salaried men's families living in Tokyo.
    In breakfast about 45% of the surveyed families took bread as staple food, and the kinds of side dishes were full of variety through all three meals.
    As protein foods, eggs, meat, fish, milk, cheese and soy-bean products were generally used in good quantity, especially meat was used remarkably more than that in the previous report.
    Cooked foods were used more when the staple food was rice than when it was bread, while uncooked foods were used adversely.
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