栄養学雑誌
Online ISSN : 1883-7921
Print ISSN : 0021-5147
ISSN-L : 0021-5147
19 巻 , 4 号
選択された号の論文の7件中1~7を表示しています
  • 佐藤 徳子
    1961 年 19 巻 4 号 p. 153-162
    発行日: 1961年
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    寮生活をする大学生 (18~19才) について1カ月間の栄養摂取量を調査し, 更に寮生男女夫々10名について暗順応能力及び血中V. A濃度を測定した結果, 栄養摂取状況は日本人の食生活と類似し, 特に良質の蛋白, カルシウム及びビタミン類に不足していた。V, A摂取量については女子寮はほぼ所要量を満たしているが, 男子寮は約その1/2を満たすに過ぎない。一方暗順応能力及び血中V. A濃度は男女共正常の範囲内にあり, 且暗順応能力と血中濃度との間には男女共有意の順相関関係が認められた。又ビタミン剤服用により暗順応能力にも血中V. A濃度にもその影響が認められた。
  • 溝口 利雄, 沼波 信子, 加藤 欽一郎, 岩尾 裕之, 高居 百合子, 見目 明継, 佐藤 健, 高林 十三子
    1961 年 19 巻 4 号 p. 163-170
    発行日: 1961年
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    In rice-cultivating districts farmers and their families are apt to overeat rice, and nutritionally undesirable effect has been generally recognized.
    To investigate the effect of the enriched barley a nutritional survey was done on these farmers who were administered the enriched barley in their staple foods, and the following results were founds.
    (a) After the administration the cases of the nutritional disease among the farmers were of tendency to decrease, especially among women it was remarkable.
    (b) The abnormal systolic pressure patients decreased among men, and diastolic pressure abnormalities decreased both in men and in women.
    (c) The degree of fatigue after looding the labor was slighter than that of control group.
    (d) The concentratioe of vitamin B1, as well as the excreted amount in urine in a day were found almost unchangeable.
  • 元山 正, 佐橋 佳郎
    1961 年 19 巻 4 号 p. 171-173
    発行日: 1961年
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    Though thiamine actions of TA and TAO2 were investigated with L. fermenti, the effects were not almost recognised about these compounds.
    In the case of addition of 50-500 fold TA or TAO2 to thiamine, they did not afford the effect of bacterial growth. Furthermore even in addition of a large amount of them did not inhibit bacterial growth.
    It was found that these compounds had not the antagonistic action against thiamine.
  • 元山 正, 佐橋 佳郎
    1961 年 19 巻 4 号 p. 174-176
    発行日: 1961年
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    Vitamin B6 antimetabolic action of TA, TAO2, AMP which was obtained by hydrolysis TA and TAO2 and OMP which has been known as an antivitamin B6 were investigated for Saccharomyces carlsbergensis. OMP showed vitamin B6 antimetabolic action clearly and a large amount of AMP showed the same action. TA showed the action slightly. This action of TA was assumed to be owing to AMP produced by hydrolysis of TA during the procedure to make TA solution.
  • 長嶺 晋吉, 手塚 朋通, 山川 喜久江, 鈴木 慎次郎
    1961 年 19 巻 4 号 p. 177-181
    発行日: 1961年
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    This experiment was carried out for purpose of knowing whether alcohol calorie is utilized or not for the muscular work. Four healthy adult men were subjected to the following experimental status, i. e., working after alcohol administration, working at fasting status without alcohol intake and resting status after alcohol administration. In comparison of each result at these experimental status the relation of the muscular work to the alcohol metabolism were discussed.
    The muscular work of about 2800 to 4300 kilogrammeter per minute were loaded for 40 minutes by using the bicycle-ergometer, and amounts of individual work were regulated in the same level at the both alcohol intake and fasting status. The load of work at alcohol intake status was made an hour after alcohol was administered. A dose of alcohol was 0.5gm. per kg. body weight. The expired air was collected every 30 minutes and blood and urine sampling was made every one hour up to 5 hours after alcohol administration.
    The redults summarized were as follows:
    1) The decrease of alcohol concentration in blood during working hour, i. e., the difference between the first and second hour values after alcohol intake, averaged 19.6mg %, which was corrected by subtracting the excess of alcohol excretion in expired air increased by working. This value was much greater than that of 5.5mg% in resting status.
    2) “β” factor calculated in lapse of 5 hours after alcohol intake averaged 11.8mg% per hour at working Status, this value was about 36% higher compared with 8.7mg% per hour at resing status. “γ” factor showed no significant difference between both status. “ED” mean value of 4.96gm. per hour at working status was about 40% higher than 3.56gm. per hour at resting status. The increasing rate of “ED” values due to working correlated with intensity or calorie consumption of work (table 1 & 2).
    From the above results, it is considered that alcohol metabolism rises with working and alcohol calorie is utilized for the muscular work.
  • 盛田 喜七, 村井 一男, 菅野 玲子
    1961 年 19 巻 4 号 p. 182-186
    発行日: 1961年
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    農村において連続3日間栄養・食糧調査を実施し, その必須アミノ酸の摂取量を算出した。結果を要約すると次のとおりである。
    1) 成人換算1人1日当りの蛋白質摂取量は71.6gで改定標準所要量に達している。必須アミノ酸の摂取量を日本人の食糧構成より求めたアミノ酸量に比較すると, 大略これに近い数値を示している。
    2) 動物性蛋白の比率の全平均は19.4%でかなり低い。従つて動物性食品よりの必須アミノ酸の摂取割合は少く, リジン (34.5%) メチオニン (29.5%) 以外のアミノ酸はすべて20%前後である。また動物性蛋白の比率が20.0%以下の場合は必須アミノ酸摂取量の変動は明らかでないが20%以上になると, フエニールアラニン, トリプトフアン以外のアミノ酸は僅かながら増加の傾向を示している。
    3) FAOの基準配合量に対する比率を見ると, メチオニン (81%) 含硫アミノ酸 (73%) トリプトフアン (74%) 等は常に低く制限アミノ酸になつている。またその比率は日本人に望ましい食糧構成の場合よりやや低下している。
  • 磯部 しづ子, 長嶺 晋吉
    1961 年 19 巻 4 号 p. 187-190
    発行日: 1961年
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    It is well recognized that the quantity and quality of fats and oils ingested have closely to do with so-called adult disease, such as hypertension or heart disease. Few reports have been found, however, about what kinds of fats or oils are generally consumed among Japanese people.
    This survey was done in order to know the above point, and 84 households in Tokyo and its neighborhood cities were selected for the subjects.
    The results of the survey showed that fat and oil consumption was 16.4g per head per day on an average, and soybean oil was used most frequently.
    Of all the consumed fats and oils, those from the vegetable sources were 67%, and from animal sources 19%, margarine being 14%.
    In this survey total fat intake including that from the all foodstuffs ingested was not investigated, but, presuming from the results of the National Nutrition Survey, the ratio of consumed vegetable oil to animal fat may probably be 4:6.
    Comparing the above results with the intake of U.S. people, the former is only one quarter of the latter, and an average Japanese intake calculated from the National Survey is almost one tenth of the U. S. intake.
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