栄養学雑誌
Online ISSN : 1883-7921
Print ISSN : 0021-5147
ISSN-L : 0021-5147
23 巻 , 1 号
選択された号の論文の4件中1~4を表示しています
  • 有本 邦太郎
    1965 年 23 巻 1 号 p. 1-3
    発行日: 1965年
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 佐藤 徳子, 武田 みわ子
    1965 年 23 巻 1 号 p. 4-16
    発行日: 1965年
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    寄宿舎食餌 (II群) を, 東北農村の大部分を占めかつ比較的悪い食餌を代表する農村食 (I群) および寄宿舎食餌にs. m. を添加し, 添加したs. m. の量だけ主食を減じた改良食餌 (III群) と比較して rat による発育試験を行ない, その栄養価を検討した。低蛋白 (蛋白含量8%, 動蛋比2.1%) 低Ca (27mg%) の農村食餌に比し, 寄宿舎食餌はこれよりやや優り蛋白14% (動蛋比33%) Ca 106.4mg%となり, 改良食餌は蛋白16.4% (動蛋比46.6%) および Ca 207.9mg%で最も優れている。rat の発育状態はこれら飼料組成を反映して, 体重発育, 飼料効率, 身長発育, 骨灰分量および肝X. O. A. などにおいてIII群が最も優れ, II群がこれにつぎI群が最も劣る。血清蛋白量, 内臓重量/終体重, および骨重量/終体重などの値には3群の間に明らかな差が認められなかった。また骨の長/身長および血清Al・P-ase A. では逆にI群が最も大で, II群がこれにつぎIII群が最も小であった。寄宿舎食餌群が農村食餌群より概して発育状態が良く, さらに主食を減じてs. m. を添加した改良食餌群が最も優れていたことは, 寄宿舎食餌が安い食費の割合に動蛋およびカルシウムなどの日本人食餌として不足しがちな栄養素が比較的よく摂取されていることを示すものであるが, なお主食偏重の傾向が強いので, 経済的な裏付けと相まって, 量より質への改善が必要であると考える。
  • 鈴木 慎次郎, 里和 スミエ, 久我 達郎, 大島 寿美子, 大田 富貴雄, 菅家 祐輔, 前川 当子
    1965 年 23 巻 1 号 p. 17-22
    発行日: 1965年
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    Six healthy college girls were selected as subjects, each two of them belonged respectively to obese, ordinary, and lean type, of each type one being tall and the other short in height.
    Besides ordinary biometrical measurements, center of body gravity, body density, basal metabolism, relative metabolic rate (RMR) of walking and Step Test, and some components of blood and urine were measured.
    The greatest difference between the obese and lean typed girls was found in skinfold, the former being several times greater, and the next remarkable differences were seen in circumferences especially of thigh, abdomen and upper arm.
    The basal metabolism per kg, body weight was markedly lower nearly by 40% in the obese than in the lean, whereas expressing per unit of body surface or of fat-free mass there was little difference between the two types.
    RMR in speedy walking showed a distinctly higher value in the obese than in the lean, though a little difference was observed in low speed walking.
    RMR in Step Test of the obese girls was higher as much as 50% than of the lean girls.
    Though no difference was seen in specific gravity of whole blood, serum cholesterol concentration was much higher in the obese and 17-ketosteroid excretion per day per kg. was also farely more in the obese than in the lean girls.
  • 磯部 しづ子, 高橋 婦美子, 長嶺 晋吉
    1965 年 23 巻 1 号 p. 23-30
    発行日: 1965年
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    The dietary intake of the firemen was investigated at the four fire-brigade stations in Tokyo in March, 1964.
    The average energy intake was about 2, 500 Cal., and protein intake was 81g. per head per day, which were over the all-Japan average. Calcium and vitamins, however, were less intaken than the Standard Dietary Allowances, and their diet was not always in good balance.
    Comparing the intakes of the four brigade stations with each other, there were some local differences, some being high in energy and others high in protein.
    When they were grouped according to their dwelling, those from home were in better dietary condition than those living in the dormitory, and accordingly the younger firemen's intake were inferior to the elder's.
    There was no distinct difference in their nutrient intake between the duty day and off-duty day though their activity in the duty day must have been much heavier than in off-duty day.
    There was no paralleled correlation between the energy intake and expenditure (which was reported previously by Suzuki, et al), but presuming from these data the firemen's average daily calorie consumption, including those of duty day and off-duty day might be 2, 500 Cal. or about, and this value well coincide with the average value of their intake.
    From the above results it is clear that the improvement of the firemen's nutritional status is an urgent problem, since their daily living schedule is very specific. For this purpose the employment of the system of group-feeding most appropriate to those brigades is desirable.
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