栄養学雑誌
Online ISSN : 1883-7921
Print ISSN : 0021-5147
ISSN-L : 0021-5147
61 巻 , 3 号
選択された号の論文の7件中1~7を表示しています
  • 阿部 俊子, 高塚 志保
    2003 年 61 巻 3 号 p. 155-160
    発行日: 2003/06/01
    公開日: 2010/02/09
    ジャーナル フリー
    The outcome of research has shown that the interdisciplinary approach is the best way to provide effective and efficient health care services. The current medical care system involves many experts of different disciplines to take care of a single patient. Under such circumstances, the “clinical path” approach is an important tool as a common language to be used by those experts involved. The clinical path approach can be used to reorganize the current system with multiple participants to ensure a team effort. Dietetics will make an important contribution to developing patient care in the future, so dietitians are expected to play an important role in such a team. It is therefore necessary for dietitians to establish a professional position in the team and provide medical care together with experts from other disciplines.
  • 高橋 啓子
    2003 年 61 巻 3 号 p. 161-169
    発行日: 2003/06/01
    公開日: 2010/02/09
    ジャーナル フリー
    The food frequency questionnaire method is more time-, cost- and labor-effective than the 24-h dietary recall and recording method. Such a food frequency questionnaire based on food groups is more convenient than one using a food list, because there are fewer questions.
    We have developed a food frequency questionnaire (FFQg), which is based on 29 food groups and 10 types of cooking, for estimating the energy and nutrient intakes of an individual subject during the past 1-2 months. This questionnaire was evaluated by comparing with weighted dietary records for 7 continuous days (7-d records) for 66 subjects aged 19-60 years.
    The correlation coefficients between FFQg and the 7-d records for the energy, protein, fat, carbohydrate and calcium intakes were 0.47, 0.42, 0.39, 0.49 and 0.41, respectively. The intakes of 26 of 31 nutrients were not significantly different by a paired t-test between the two methods (p≥0.05). The ratio of the value obtained by the FFQg method against that by the 7-d record method ranged from 72% (vitamin B12) to 121% (niacin), the average ratio being 104%.
    The correlation coefficients for the intakes of rice, bread, meat, fish, milk, dairy products, green-yellow vegetables, other vegetables, and fruits were 0.66, 0.76, 0.27, 0.27, 0.72, 0.58, 0.46, 0.53, and 0.64, respectively, between the FFQg and 7-d record methods, and there was significant correlation between the two methods at the p<0.05 level for 22 of the 29 food groups.
    Apart from those food groups for which “less than once a month or never” was selected by 50% respondents or more, 34% of the respondents could estimate a portion size in the FFQg with an error of less than 25%, indicating that this FFQg is a useful instrument for estimating individual energy and nutrient intakes.
  • 坂本 裕子, 三好 正満
    2003 年 61 巻 3 号 p. 171-182
    発行日: 2003/06/01
    公開日: 2010/02/09
    ジャーナル フリー
    将来の骨粗鬆症予防のためには若年期における食生活が重要であり, カルシウム動態も大きく変化する妊娠期は特に大切な時期であると考えられるが, 妊娠期においては自身の食管理が不十分になることが多い。そこで妊婦100人を対象に, 妊娠初期, 中期, 後期において食品摂取状況や食生活状況をアンケート調査し, カルシウムを中心とする栄養素等摂取の改善に向け分析を行った。
    その結果, 妊娠以前に比べ, 食に対する意識は妊娠を契機に全般に高まるが, 初期においては妊娠以前より果物, 牛乳の摂取は増えるものの, 摂取量が減る食品が多く, 料理することが嫌になったり, 食に対して積極的ではない者が多かった。しかし, 中期になると摂取量が増える食品も多くなり, 食に対して最も前向きであった。
    摂取栄養素量等はこれまでの調査と同様に, カルシウム, 鉄の充足率が低く, 初期の段階で病院の栄養指導を受ける者が7割以上にのぼった。中期になると, 栄養指導を受けた者のカルシウム摂取量の平均値は有意に増加し, 受けなかった群と同じレベルに改善し, 指導効果が見られた。
    一方, 初期から後期までを通して栄養指導を受けた回数別に比較したところ, 指導回数を重ねた者ほど初期の段階で栄養摂取量が有意に低い値となった。従って, 初期の段階で低摂取量の人に対しては, 特に継続的な指導を行っていく必要があり, 食行動の変容を促す意識付けが重要であると考える。
  • 宮崎 栄子, 韓 立坤, 奥田 拓道
    2003 年 61 巻 3 号 p. 183-187
    発行日: 2003/06/01
    公開日: 2010/02/09
    ジャーナル フリー
    The results of this study clarify the physiological significance of the variation in skin temperature at the shoulder. The skin temperature was found to be reduced by shoulder stiffness, indicating that this decrease in the skin temperature might have been caused by disturbance of the peripheral blood flow. In addition to the effect from shoulder stiffness, ingesting miso soup called “asage” also reduced the skin temperature at shoulder. The addition of bittern prepared at Indonesia to the miso soup accelerated the reduction of skin temperature, suggesting that the salty taste of the miso soup might have been responsible for this reduction. Experiments were conducted to clarify whether or not the bittern increased the salty taste of the miso soup to indicate that the reduction in skin temperature might have been induced by the salty taste. The experimental results clearly indicated that the bittern increased the salty taste of NaCl solution and show that MgCl2 in the bittern was the active principle. These results collectively suggest that reduction in skin temperature associated with shoulder stiffness might have been induced by the reduction of peripheral blood flow and that the addition of the bittern to the miso soup accelerated this reduction in skin temperature.
  • 永井 成美, 仙賀 鈴江
    2003 年 61 巻 3 号 p. 189-194
    発行日: 2003/06/01
    公開日: 2010/02/09
    ジャーナル フリー
    Obesity during childhood is a matter of growing concern and needs to be continuously monitored in respect of its importance to public health. We examined the prevalence of obesity and its development trends in preschool and school children living in the administrative district of Hyogo prefecture in Japan. The cross-sectional study analyzed routinely collected data, including measurements of height and weight, from between 160, 000 and 530, 000 school children during the period 1981-2000 and from between 46, 000 and 66, 000 preschool children aged 4 and 5yrs during the period 1987-2000. Obesity is defined as being greater than 120% of the standard body mass for height and gender based on the criterion used in National Health and Nutrition Survey of Japan. The prevalence of obese preschool children aged 4 and 5 yrs has increased by 1.5 times from 2.2% to 3.0% during the last 14 years, while that of obese school children has increased nearly 2.5 times from 3.9% to 9.3% during the last 20 years. The recent prevalence of obesity has exceeded 10% in older than third graders. The frequency of obesity tended to increase when the children reached the first and/or third graders. Our data suggest that childhood obesity is maintaining an upward trend, and further imply that preventing and treating obesity beginning at the preschool age is a crucial issue in pediatric public health.
  • 田中 恵子, 池田 順子, 東 あかね, 中澤 敦子, 中谷 素子, 入江 祐子, 松村 淳子, 杉野 成
    2003 年 61 巻 3 号 p. 195-204
    発行日: 2003/06/01
    公開日: 2010/02/09
    ジャーナル フリー
    Basic information was obtained from this cross-sectional study for preventing obesity and developing effective public health intervention in male residents. The subjects were 1, 736 men (20-69 years) who had completed the questionnaire on life style in the 1998 Kyoto Citizen's Health and Nutrition Study. The relationship between the life style and body mass index (BMI) was evaluated by a chi-square test and multiple regression analysis of the subjects classified into five-year age bands. BMI was positively associated with regular exercise of less than 2 times per week in the 50-59 years age group (p<0.05). BMI was also positively associated with some types of dietary behavior. In particular, BMI was positively associated in all age groups with a short meal time, and a preference for rich foods and large meal size, suggesting that these factors are important for preventing obesity. In addition, the BMI association with salt intake such as a preference for highly seasoned dishes shows that salt restriction should be actively encouraged in dietary guidance to prevent obesity. Although BMI was positively associated with the intake frequency of some types of food, the overall balance in food intake did not result in any significant difference in BMI.
  • 菅野 幸子, 金田 芙美, 吉池 信男
    2003 年 61 巻 3 号 p. 205-208
    発行日: 2003/06/01
    公開日: 2010/02/09
    ジャーナル フリー
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