It is known that drinking of alcoholic beverages has much influence on the control of blood glucose in diabetics. In the present study, intakes of total calories, protein, fat, carbohydrate, and particularly of alcohol were calculated on the basis of daily dietary record which had been written for two years by a patient in the clinic. And, data of the first year was compared with that of the second year not only on the basis of the dietary intake but also the clinical course. One remarkable point which was obtained by this comparison was that alcohol drinking aggravated the control of diabetes and in many cases alcohol intake initiated failure to maintain good dietary restriction. Besides this fact, the every day drinker can not limit his consumption of alcohol by himself. Therefore, the necessity of abstinence in treatment of the diabetic drinker is emphasized.
As mentioned in our first report, it was clarified that, in diabetics, there was a close relationship between aggravation of blood glucose level and alcohol intake. In the present study, the influence of alcohol intake on blood glucose control of 70 diabetic drinkers and 18 diabetic drinkers who stopped taking alcohol was examined. In 70 diabetic drinkers, 31 patients showed aggravation of blood glucose levels. Sixteen (Group A) of these 31 patients experienced aggravation of the blood glucose level due to alcohol intake, at least, to some extent. The remaining 15 patients (Group B) seemed to show change in their control of diabetes due to other factors. Data concerning frequency and quantity of alcoholic intake in their weekly diet were compared between Group A and B. Of 18 diabetic drinkers, reasons why they abstained from alcohol drinking were questioned. Eight of these 18 patients answered that it was because they experienced aggravation of blood glucose control due to alcohol intake. It is concluded that abstinence from alcohol should be strongly indicated for the diabetic drinker who takes alcohol every day.
This is the summary of the dietary survey of urban junior high school students. Junior high school students were at the peak of growth which is an important stage from the viewpoint of nutrition. The subjects 133 male students and 128 female students, whose average age was thirteen years. The survey covered three days in mid-May of 1976. The results of this study are as follows: 1. Of the nutritive elements, calcium, vitamin A and vitamin B2 were in short supply. The intake of starches and vegetables were insufficient. 2. As for the distribution of activities of junior high school students, 60% of the day was spent at home and 40% at school. However, the energy expended in school activities exceeded 50%. This was mostly devoted to sport club activities after school. As compared with the static home life, active life at school plays an important role in the student's growth and development. 3. Energy intake per day of the students exceeded the consumed energy. Food intake at night was considerabley higher than the energy consumed. The intake at breakfast was rather low being affected by overeating in the evening. 4. The essential amino acid intake was found to be sufficient in both quality and quantity. 5. Consumption of milk is a good illustration of dietary habits. Milk is provided at school and all students drink it at lunch. Therefore, both milk and rice were found to be consumed in abundance. This situation was different from the dietary habits of high school students or woman university students. 6. The protein intake of junior high school students was on the whole good in quality and quantity, but was scanty on the ingestion of vegetables and fruits groups.