栄養学雑誌
Online ISSN : 1883-7921
Print ISSN : 0021-5147
ISSN-L : 0021-5147
33 巻 , 3 号
選択された号の論文の6件中1~6を表示しています
  • 土門 恭仁子, 松田 正二, 清水 哲也
    1975 年 33 巻 3 号 p. 97-103
    発行日: 1975/05/25
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    The diet therapy for the toxemia of pregnancy in the third trimester seems to be of considerable importance, although attention has been paid mainly to the use of diuretics for the improvement of symptoms. A study was undertaken to observe the clinical significance of diet therapy of 65 outpatients. Dietitians interviewed these patients at the clinic giving individual instructions on the diet. The daily intake of nutrients of these patients was calculated as follows; at first, menus for three days were prepared by the patients themselves according to the recomendation from the obstetricians and the dietitians. Then, the percentage intakes of individual foods were calculated. Based on the daily intake the appropriate amounts of foods which each patient should take was determined. Clinical effects of the diet therapy were evaluated on the basis of a pregnogram which was designed to indicate body weight, blood pressure, circumferential length of abdomen, proteinuria, etc. In selected cases, blood levels of both cholesterol and triglyceride were determined. It was found that toxemia during late pregnancy was strikingly improved by individual instruction on the diet by the dietitian (82.4% improvement). Serum triglyceride levels in toxemia patients were higher than those in normal pregnants, however, no difference in the cholesterol level was found in both groups. Toxemia patients appeared to have a tendency to consume foods containing cholesterol and sugar.
  • 大島 寿美子, 鈴木 慎次郎
    1975 年 33 巻 3 号 p. 105-112
    発行日: 1975/05/25
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    The effect of dietary cholesterol on the serum cholesterol level was examined with the adult and aged subject.
    In the first trial, a total of 35 healthy adults were divided into three groups given 5, 7 and 10 eggs daily for 10-15 days.
    The differences of mean value in serum cholesterol between the initial day and the final day were 7, 9 and 8mg/dl in each group of adults given 5, 7 and 10 eggs, respectively, indicating a tendency of slight elevation in serum cholesterol. However, it should be noted that there were some adult subjects who showed sensitive response to the serum cholesterol level by egg intake.
    In the next, nineteen healthy aged subjects were divided into two groups given 1 and 2 eggs every day for one month. Average increments of serum cholesterol in each group of aged persons were 3mg/dl for 1 egg and 12mg/dl for 2 eggs. The higher response seen in the aged persons given 2 eggs daily may be caused by their inactive life in comparison with the active adults.
    Anyway, the effect of egg cholesterol to the serum cholesterol level in human seems to be lower than that resulted from the dietary intake of saturated fatty acid such as butter, tallow and lard etc.
  • 山中 千代子
    1975 年 33 巻 3 号 p. 113-122
    発行日: 1975/05/25
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    It is well known that diabetes is listed as one of the most serious provoking causes of some blood vessel troubles such as macroangiopathy and microangiopathies. Recently, deaths due to these cardiovascular diseases mentioned above are increasing.
    The author noted the relation between abnormal metabolism, especially fat metabolism, and foods taken by the diabetic, and intended to prepare food exchange systems for diabetics accompanied with atherosclerosis.
    From February to May in 1974, thirty cases of diabetes were reported in Kochi Medical Examination Clinic, of which sixteen were accompanied with cardiovascular diseases such as angina pectoris, atherosclerosis, hypertension and renal diseases. Among these cases, those complicated with atherosclerosis belong to IIa and IIb ranks in the K. W. Classification, meaning that they require dietary control.
    The tentative food exchange systems were therefore, concretely prepared with special reference to lipids and carbohydrates based on “the food exchange systems for the diabetic” arranged by the Nippon Tônyôbyô Gakkai.
    Moreover, local foods used seasonally in Kôchi Prefecture were investigated in regard to their nutrients and then added to the food exchange systems.
    These food exchange systems have not yet been put into practical use. More detailed clinical research are, therefore, required for a future study.
  • 山岡 淑美
    1975 年 33 巻 3 号 p. 123-130
    発行日: 1975/05/25
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    For the purpose of finding a guiding principle for better nourishment and improving the menu we made an investigation into the relations between the patients' leavings and likes and dislikes of the meals taken at Uji Ohbaku Hospital. We picked out 532 psychiatric patients and 107 patients from the internal medicine ward 639 in totaling as the subjects from the 8th of September till the 5th of October in 1973. We checked the weight of their lunch and supper before and after meals of each patient. The ratio of the weight of the meal to that of the leavings was called the residue rate.
    We also made an investigation written into their likes and dislikes during almost the same period. It was then divided into five classes according to the degree, which was represented by numeral points. Thus, we could find out the interrelations between the residue rate and the points of likes and dislikes of the subjects.
    The results are as follows:
    1) The residue rate was very high.
    2) It greatly fluctuated according to each day.
    3) The fluctuation of the residue rate itself and variation in each day were very different among the wards to which the subjects belong.
    4) Some kinds of likes and dislikes were common to the wards; others were not.
    5) In the case of female patients there was a relation between likes and dislikes and the residue rate, whereas there was little relation in that of male patients.
    In conclusion, we think that the difference of patients' likes and dislikes among wards is necessary to take into consideration in order to decrease the residue of meals
  • 片山 喜美子, 広岡 英美, 熊野 昭子, 永野 君子
    1975 年 33 巻 3 号 p. 131-138
    発行日: 1975/05/25
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    食行動の重要な因子と考えられる食品イメージについて, 1972年6月~1973年12月に米沢, 東京, 名古屋, 奈良, 姫路, 高松, 鹿児島の7地域の計933名の女子短大生を対象に, S. D. 法を用いて12食品のイメージを測定し, 地域別に比較検討した結果次のことがわかった。
    1) 卵は「嗜好万人向」の食品であり, そのイメージは地域差が少ない。
    2) 米沢は他の6地域に比べ特殊性が考えられる。マカロニ, 鯨肉は「家庭的」に傾き, 豆腐, 牛乳はより「嗜好万人向」であり, いずれも有意の差がみとめられた。またあじとメルルーサのイメージも異なっている。
    3) 牛肉, 豚肉, 鶏肉, 鯨肉のイメージは, 地域差が大きく, 殊に「嗜好万人向」に差がみられ, 鶏肉は姫路, 奈良で「嗜好特殊向」であり, 鯨肉は姫路, 高松で「嗜好万人向」であった。豚肉は東京, 米沢が「嗜好万人向」牛肉は高松, 姫路, 奈良で「嗜好万人向」となり, 豚肉と牛肉の順位相関係数は-0.8の逆相関を示した。
  • 二宮 照子
    1975 年 33 巻 3 号 p. 139-143
    発行日: 1975/05/25
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    熊本市内で販売されている氷菓類および清涼飲料水104種類について着色料の分析および果汁を含む清涼飲料水については Vitamin C含有量, 糖度, 有機酸の定量をあわせて実施した。
    氷菓類の色調は, Videt, Orange, Red, Yellow, Green, Brown その他無着色に分けられ, 各色素の使用頻度の高いものから示すと, Tartrazine, Sunset Yellow, Amaranth, Brilliant Blue などが各色調の殆どに混合使用されており, 1試料当りの色素数は1種類で着色されたものから6種類使用のものもあって, 各メーカーの自由な選択が行なわれている。しかし単染色と混合染色との間に外観上の差は殆どなかったことからも, 着色に要する色素数は可能な限り少なくあるべきではないかと考えられる。
    清涼飲料水の着色料は, 市販されている着色試料の種類が少ないためにその傾向をみ出すことはできなかったが, 1試料当りの色素数は氷菓類で検出された数の範囲内にあった。Vitamin C含有量は柑橘類のみを対象とすると, 天然果汁には100ml当り平均36.4mg含まれ, 果汁飲料および果汁入り清涼飲料 (果汁含有率10%以上50%未満のもの) には, 天然果汁に対するパーセントで示すと, 44.8%, 33.2%, 15.7%, 9.9%と減少していた。また, Vitamin C 36.4mgを得るためのこれらの換算価格も示したが, 天然果汁は着色料も含まず, しかも最も安いとい5結果を得た。
    平均糖度は, 氷菓類15.4%, 清涼飲料水は12.3%で, 総酸量は天然果汁の0.93%から無果汁飲料の0.11%と差が大きく果汁含有率によって変動していた。また調査の結果では, 不許可の着色料は検出されなかった。
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