The results of investigation on the action mechanism, blending order and quantity of materials (mizu-ame, cane sugar, egg white and yolk) and on the quality of castilla that were based on the stability of batter foam were as follows. (1) Mizu-ame (glucose syrup) has the most useful effect to the stability of batter foam than the other materials. (2) The blending order composed of egg white, mizu-ame, yolk and cane sugar, in this order the optimam rate on the blending of materials reported by Part 3 are also included, showed the most stable batter foam of all the orders. Generally speaking, the blending order prescribes the action and quantity of materials. (3) Yolk is not effective to the stability and it seems that cane sugar and yolk interact each other to the stability of batter foam. (4) So far as mizu-ame is conspicuous useful to the stability of batter foam and keeps castilla from the staling (Part 3), it can be said that the stability of batter foam and the staling of castilla are intimate correlations each other.
It is known that the formation of bile stone is caused by abnormality of bile component, stagnation of bile, inflammation of bile-duct, abnormality of systemic metabolism, and so on. Furthermore, it is considered that the formation of bile stone is closely related to life environments as well as dietary life, in particular, epicurean foods and fatness, varying with region or period. Based on these hypothesis, investigations were undertaken on life environment and dietary life of 63 inpatients with cholelithiasis admitted to the Department of Surgery of Tokyo Medical and Dental University Hospital, and 63 healthy adults. Findings were as follows: 1) Regarding medical history, morbidity of the cases with cholelithiasis was 60.3%, while that of healthy adults was 36.5%, and kinds of affection of the former were greatly more than those of the latter. 2) In state of fatness, cases with cholelithiasis weighing over 20% of the standard were 20.7% and healthy adults, 4.8%. 3) Regarding the dietary life, there was a wide difference between the cases (40%) and the healthy adults (6.3%) in irregularity of mealtime. The rate of cases who like greasy foods (82.5%) exceeds that of the healthy adults (31.9%). As compared to the healthy adults, the cases who like meat, egg, cheese, butter or milk showed higher rate both in number and quality. In luxury, there is little difference between the two. From these results, it is reasonably presumed that there might be correlation between fatty foods and cholelithiasis.
In a study representing an attempt to evaluate clinical effectiveness of medium-chain triglycerides (MCT) 8-ONO in malnutrition, a series of thirty-one hospitalized patients were treated with the drug given either by means of tube feeding or by oral route. 1) One patient with reticulosarcoma cutis, one with laryngeal carcinoma and three subjects with malabsorption syndrome received the drug by tube feeding. The dose was 240g q. d. (67.2g a day as Trioctanoin) in the case of cutaneous reticulosarcoma and 90g q. d. (or 25.2g Trioctanoin) in the cases of cancer of the larynx and malabsorption syndrome. Evident improvement in general status and associated marked weight gain and increase in serum total protein and in serum total cholesterol resulted from the treatment. 2) The drug was administered orally as an additive in soup, milk or cooked eggs, in doses ranging from 40 to 60g (or 11.2 to 11.8g as Trioctanoin) a day postoperatively to a series of twenty-five gastrectomized patients. In comparison to a control group of untreated patients, the patients receiving the drug displayed apparently faster recovery as to weight gain, serum total proteins, etc. 3) The drug was given both by tube feeding and by oral route to a patient with carcinoma of the rectum. Significant amelioration in the results of various laboratory tests was evident following administration of MCT in this patient as in the foregoing cases. The results stress clinical effectiveness of MCT as a nutrient in various states of malnutrition.
With the high economic growth of Japan, the life level of the nation has been gradually stabilized. On the other hand, the dietary life made a speedy progress after the war and is further continuing the progress, however, it is said that the rate of malnutrition due to dietary life has not changed even at present. This fact suggests that a correct nutritional diet is not taken. As a point the anemia may be considered. Especially the female anemia has a high percentage in whole Japan and in this prefecture also 60% of person are said anemia. As the start of the study of its origin, the relation of the amount of animal protein taken to hemoglobin and hematocrit is investigated. The subject of investigation is part time agrarian families in the west part of this prefecture, e. d. Tokorozawa City, Asaka City, and Higashi-matsuyama City. Communities in this district are lack of circulation as for the local dietary circumstance. Among female person, 21% are normal and anemic or light anemic person show a high percentage of 79%. The variety of food is somewhat rich in the normal person and the correlation coefficient between the number of food materials and hematocrit is 0.37, which is rather significant value The correlation between the classification of animal proteins and hematocrit and/or hemoglobin is not found significant, however, it is observed that the fish protein is not especially superior among animal proteins.
Physical conditions of younger generations in Japan are progressing year by year, however, on the contrary the depression of physical power is observed. Therefore, the so-called “Condition of physical power” is intensely desired in the whole country. In this study the relation between the amount of animal protein taken and physical condition of junior high school pupils in the age 12-14 in which the growth of bones is remarkable, their state of diet, form of diet, variety and number of food materials used are investigated in the urbanized farm villages (A domain) and mountain villages (B domain). Results are as follows: 1) The physical growth in the A domain is somewhat superior in female pupils and in the B domain it is better in male pupils, and especially in both male and female A>mean of the whole country>B. 2) As for the state of food, form of food and variety of food materials used, persons, who take regular and balanced diet, are female. 3) As for the state of diet, defect of a meal and single meal of male persons are observed in the breakfast in or domain A, and in the dinner in domain B. 4) Significant correlation between the animal protein taken and the physical growth is not obtained. 5) As for the variety of food, the correlation coefficient of milk product with stature is 0.33 in domain A. and 0.21 in domain B.
The omission of breakfast and lunch by adolescents is a problem of conciderable importance. Several investigators have suggested that it may be a contributing factor to dietary deficiencies. These studies indicate that adolescents eating habits are related only vaguely to knowledge of adequate nutrition, but are influenced largely by social attitude and values. We have reported a investigation of omitting breakfast of the junior and senior highschool students in 1959. This study was designed to determine the lunch-eating habits, meal patterns, attitudes to determine and the dominant factors influencing breakfast and lunch habits for 600 students of the high-school and the junior college in Kitakyushu City. 1) The breakfast and lunch omitting rate rises gradually both in girls and boys as they grow older, but have no relation with their father's occupation nor how to attending school. 2) The percentage of the students who omit both breakfast and lunch is as follows; girl 18%, boy 35% 3) It is noted that their meal pattern is very innutritious in spite of the fact that majority of the reasons they select their lunch are nutritive value.