栄養学雑誌
Online ISSN : 1883-7921
Print ISSN : 0021-5147
ISSN-L : 0021-5147
26 巻 , 6 号
選択された号の論文の8件中1~8を表示しています
  • 大礒 敏雄
    1968 年 26 巻 6 号 p. 261-262
    発行日: 1968/11/25
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 仮屋園 璋
    1968 年 26 巻 6 号 p. 263-266
    発行日: 1968/11/25
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    The iodine value and the peroxide value on olive oil, corn oil and soybean oil added surfactant (span 80 one ml to oil 100ml) were investigated under the condition of the cold storage at 5°C for 627 days after the leaving alone at 30±0.5°C for 52 days.
    The experiments were carried out with the following results: Iodine value that decreased in refered and test sections after the leaving alone at 30±0.5°C, now increased together by the cold storage nearly up to the same level showed the raw sample oils.
    Peroxide value in the Cold storage (5°C) after the leaving alone at 30±0.5°C showed unilateral increases on each sections and especially the test sections in all oils showed large increases. Corn oil of all oils was the largest increase, but soybean oil was the smallest increase. Generally it appears that peroxide value is an index on the rancidity of rancid oil.
  • 坂本 清, 桑畑 美沙子
    1968 年 26 巻 6 号 p. 267-273
    発行日: 1968/11/25
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    Protein score (FAO, 1957) and chemical scores (FAO·WHO, 1965) calculated from the same data of the nitrogen intake in Kagoshima prefecture, were compared with each other. Both of the values of human milk and egg scores obtained were similar to the protein score, about 76, and the limiting amino acids of the former two were tryptophan and sulfer-containg amino acids, respectively. Those amino acids were also the limiting factor in the case of protein score. The cow's milk score was rather high, about 92, and the limiting factor were considerably different from the other scores, which were lysine and leucine other than tryptophan.
  • 中田 久世, 藤井 真
    1968 年 26 巻 6 号 p. 274-278
    発行日: 1968/11/25
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    市販されている醸酵乳並びに乳酸菌飲料について全国24都道府県で1966年7月から1967年3月に至る間で採集調査した結果は次のごとくである。
    (1) 厚生省令合格品はメーカー商品別にみて液状醸酵乳で20%, 乳酸菌飲料で15%にすぎなかった。不合格の原因には, 液状醗酵乳では生乳酸菌数不足が最も多く, 次いで無脂乳固形分不足であった。乳酸菌飲料では生乳酸菌数の不足である。なお大腸菌群の検出される製品はなかった。
    (2) 雑菌数104/ml以上混入の製品が検体別にみて約半数, メーカー商品別では約70%みられた。
    (3) 官能的検査および糖度テストの結果より人工甘味料にもっぱら依存しているような製品がみられた。
    (4) 全国的に採集が容易で広く販売されているところのメーカー商品が常に省令基準に達し, 安定した品質を維持していたことは国民の栄養並びに保健衛生上意義深いものがあるが, 他の多くのメーカー商品に省令基準に達しない非良心的な商品が多いことにかんがみ, 今後速やかに改善すべく指導教育並びに取締りが必要と思われる。
  • 菅 淑江, 太田 康幸, 藤井 玲子, 吉井 玲子
    1968 年 26 巻 6 号 p. 279-284
    発行日: 1968/11/25
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    A nutrition survey has been performed in order to analyze the daily diets of the population in a district where many heavy drinkers and patients of liver diseases have been found.
    In this study the subjects have been the persons who received mass screening examination to detect liver diseases by physicians of Department of Internal Medicine, Okayama University Medical School. Results:
    1) Many heavy drinkers were found where high prevalence of liver diseases were observed.
    2) The results of nutrition survey showed the defects of protein and Vitamines-intake in general.
    3) Lowered intake of protein and reduction in protein score seemed to be main etiological factor for liver diseases rather than alcohol abuse.
  • 中村 かほる, 青木 たき子, 西郷 光彦, 渡辺 義雄
    1968 年 26 巻 6 号 p. 285-289
    発行日: 1968/11/25
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    We have previously set about nutritional studies on smoking, and have handled some foundational experiments related to these works.
    Lately we proved that serum cholesterol contents was increased constantly by chronic poisoning by nicotine. And so we proceeded to investigate the influence to serum cholesterol contents adding Wakame-flour to a diet. At this time, we thought that iodine and sitosterol known as the effective components of Wakame might lead the similar result, and then prepared the following five experimental groups-1. Contrast, 2. Nicotine (means adding nicotine to a diet), 3. Nicotine and Iodine, 4. Nicotine and Wakame-flour, 5. Nicotine and Sitosterol-in each group we kept five female rats.
    After sixteen weeks, we decapitated them and depleted of blood, and analyzed total and ester cholesterol in serum by the method of Zlatkis-Zak. The result were as follows.
    1. Total cholesterol was increased about 20 per cent compared with the contrast by feeding nicotine.
    2. When we fed adding Wakame-flour, total cholesterol was slightly increased about 7 per cent.
    3. To add iodine did not show the same effect, while to add sitosterol displayed restraining effect as well as adding Wakame-flour.
    Besides, when we tried to add ether extract of Wakame-flour we observed restraining effect as adding Wakame-flour.
  • 合志 資夫
    1968 年 26 巻 6 号 p. 290-295
    発行日: 1968/11/25
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    The dry matter of bread was applied as an index for official controlling of the net amount of bread suplied by the School Lunch Program in Fukuoka prefecture: Such factories that had produced bread shortage in dry matter were made reduced in the percentage.
    It was found that the net amount of bread was corresponded to an extent of 90% for the dry matter of materials used, and so the loss rate in the bakery should be considered in culculating the nutritive value of the School Lunch bread.
  • 内田 和子, 若井 美子, 千葉 裕典, 佐渡 一郎, 渡辺 真言, 石館 敬三, 平井 基江
    1968 年 26 巻 6 号 p. 296-302
    発行日: 1968/11/25
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    動蛋を指標とする簡易栄養調査法を用いて定時制高校生, 母親学級受講生, そして成人病検査センター来所者を対象に調査を行ない, それをきっかけとして栄養指導を試みた。
    この簡易栄養調査法は, 点数表を参考にして自分の1日分の動蛋摂取量を10分位の短い時間で算出できるので, 連日の実行も可能であり, 発育期にあるものや妊婦のように良質の蛋自質を多く必要とする人々を対象とする栄養指導には十分利用し得ると考えられた。ただし中高年令者, いわゆる成人病好発年令層の人々に対して, 例えば健康者, 高血圧者, 高コレステロール血疲, 肥満者などいろいろの場合に分けた動蛋摂取量に関する指導法についていまだ検討が十分なされていないので, 今後, 追求してゆくことが必要であろう。また栄養指導後の効果判定についても検討したいと考えている。
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