Being many thesis on studies of the food intake of adolescent girls and boys published, no studies is found which omitting of breakfast of varing nutritive values is reffered. Some support the fact that the habit of taking proper breakfast is important for their nutritive to fulfil their day's work. In our former study on breakfast omitting habit, we reffered to the shortage of knowledge to adequate nutrition and are influenced seriously by social attitudes and values. This study was designed to record the result of all food eaten by 3 groups, total number of 136 students of Junior and Senior High School in Kitakyushu, during three day's under the conditions of completely ad libitum selection including breakfast. In conclusion, figure shows; 1. The nutritive condition of A group who take breakfast regularly excel consequently furthermore than that of B group who do not take breakfast. 2. We found the fact very interesting that the consumption of carbohydrate and low protein is much different between those groups.
purpose: (1) Clarification of the situation of unbalanced diet and poor eating of blind children. (2) Clarification of the daily diet of blind children. (3) The observation of the relationship between dietary habits and the reason for unbalanced diet and poor eating. (4) The observation of the relationship between unbalanced diet and poor eating and retarded physical and mental growth. a description of the investigated group: A group of 39 blind children from the ages of 2 to 6 years. method: A group of 17 partially blind children completed a questionnaire to serve as the control group. conclusion: (1) A great number of blind children suffer from unbalanced diet and poor eating, but the majority of blind children do not suffer from these factors. However, the mentally retarded are more apt to suffer from unbalanced diet and poor eating. (2) A great many blind children are let to do as they likes by their mothers, and especially, in the case of the mentally retarded children this situation is extremely likely to develop. Therefore parental behavior is one cause of unbalanced diet and poor eating for blind children.
The influences of Nutrition-Intake and the property of blood on the course of pregnancy were studied in Report 1, and then significant correlation were observed among food-compositions. Still more, the analysis was tried to prove the significant correlations according to the commodities. Significant correlation-indexes were observed among 5 Nutrition-Elements (calorie, fat, protein and minerals—Ca and Fe). Analysis was carried out based on two points. And they are: 1. Whether the commodities which contain the two Nutrition-Elements are taken or not. And this point was proved by intakes of hen's egg, and correlation-index was significant between Ca and Fe. 2. Whether the commodities which contain one Nutrition-Element are taken with the commodities which contain another Element at the same time or not. And this point was also proved by the intakes of pork, bread, shell-fish, mackerel and spinach with the intakes of cow-milk, “Tohu”, seaweeds, pumpkin and dried larval fish at the same time.
A marked tendency teward the diversification of dietary life is seen lately according to the complication of social and economic conditions. This report is a summary of a research on the actual conditions of eating out. 1) Male and female students, and regular employees have a marked tendency to take three meals out in winter in the urban type areas of large population. 2) Side work farmers, their wives and other persons engaged in household affairs show no tendency to take three meals out. Other people take two meals-lunch and supper-out in wide areas. 3) People have a marked tendency to eat diversified staple foods when they take breakfast out, and especially in U1, U2, U3 type areas male and female students, and regular employees show a strong tendency to the above in summer and winter. 4) In both seasons people of every stratum eat rice when they take lunch out in wide areas. The younger people have a marked tendency to eat bread in almost all areas and other chief articles of food in wide areas when they take lunch out, and noodles are eaten by all people irrespective of area, occupation, season and age. Female students show the most marked tendency to eat diversified articles of food in both seasons in almost all areas when they take lunch out, and regular employees and male students have the same tendency. 5) People have a tendency to eat rice when they take supper out, but in winter the younger people and unemployed people of over 65 years old have a marked tendency to eat noodles in the underpopulated areas. Side work farmers, their wives and other persons engaged in household affairs show a marked tendency to take supper out irrespective of area and season, while in both seasons the younger people and regular employees have a marked tendency to take diversified articles of food for supper in U1, U2, U3 type areas. 6) There are remarkable differences in the expenditure of cash and the average expense of taking one meal out in both seasons in the underpopulated areas, while no differences are seen in U1 to U3 type areas. Side work farmers, their wives and other persons engaged in household affairs have the strongest tendency to the above in both seasons, while regular employees, management and students show a very different tendency.
This time we have made comparative researches especially on an obese child: first, on the condition of food intake in the family with obese children and in that with average children; then, on a preference between the obese children and the average ones; and further on the interrelations between the condition of food-intake and the food-liking rate. 1. Our research on the condition of food-intake found in the family containing obese children and in that containing average children revealed the fact that, except for Ca and Vitamin B group, the former has larger quantity of food; it is greater in fluctuating coefficient of Vitamins and Protein; there lies a greater difference in liking (for food) among the individual members of the family; and here lies a voluntary difference among them in Fat, Carbohydrate, Ca, Vitamin B and C group. 2. The family with obese children exhibits a tendency to prefer food of a high caloric value, such as cereals, cakes, oil and fats, flesh and meat, eggs, etc.; on the contrary, to take rather less fruits and vegetables, green or yellow. Exactly in their preference for sugar, cakes, oil, soy bean-stuffs, other kinds of beans and fruits, a voluntary difference can be seen lying between the two kinds of families. 3. In view of preference pattern for the variety of food, obese children show a more preference for cereals, beans, marine products, ham and sausage; however, a less preference for green vegetables and fruits. 4. Thus we may well conclude: there is very little correlation between the intake quantity and the preference rate in the variety of food; and, except for flesh and meat and fruits in case of obese children, there lies no correlation between them.
A total of 56 obese persons took a high fat-high protein diet containing much of vegetable oil, animal protein and vegetables, only restricted in carbohydrate and total calories less than 1, 600 calories per day. The total calories derived from fat, protein and carbohydrate were 50%, 25% and 25% respectively. Almost all the subjects could reduce their body weight by 1-7kg during one month without feeling much hunger and discomfort.