栄養学雑誌
Online ISSN : 1883-7921
Print ISSN : 0021-5147
ISSN-L : 0021-5147
12 巻 , 1-2 号
選択された号の論文の8件中1~8を表示しています
  • 岩尾 裕之
    1954 年 12 巻 1-2 号 p. 1-7
    発行日: 1954/10/20
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    The aim of this experiment was to investigate into the influences of various soluble oxalic salts upon the utilization of a calcium source.
    Feeding albino rats with diets containing 0.3% calcium (CaCo3 was used as calcium source) with potassium oxalate, sodium oxalate, ammonium oxalate as 1% oxalic acid added, we investigated into there calcification.
    These salts showed the same interference as 1% oxalic acid. Oxalic acid, whether in free acid or in soluble salts, reduced the utilization of calcium when its amount exceeded 1% of diet.
  • 岩尾 裕之
    1954 年 12 巻 1-2 号 p. 8-19
    発行日: 1954/10/20
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    The aim of this experiment was to examine the availability of calcium oxalate used as a calcium source. The result was showid, when it was used as a calcium source it showed normal calcification.
    And it was described, the discussion and the summary on the report II.
  • 石沢 久, 村中 俊明, 山藤 雅弘
    1954 年 12 巻 1-2 号 p. 20-25
    発行日: 1954/10/20
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    A micro-colorimetric method for the determination of inorganic phosphorus in the biological fluids and serum phosphatase is described. Its use as a rapid and convenient method for estimating the serum inorganic phosphorus and alkaline phosphase of the rachitic children is of particular value.
  • 丹羽 壯一, 片山 信, 村山 磨千代, 鈴木 みち子
    1954 年 12 巻 1-2 号 p. 26-28
    発行日: 1954/10/20
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    To remove the odour of imported rice and to fortify it with vitamins at fat, the following method was studied.
    Afer mixing vegetable oil with aqueous solution of vitamin B1 kneaded it with rice bran, then mixed it with imported rice, and left alone at room temperature for about 10 hours.
    By the procedure, we obtained the deodourated rice which is contained 1.7 percent of neutral fat and 100 percent of vitamin B1.
  • 井上 憲政, 井上 勝弘
    1954 年 12 巻 1-2 号 p. 29-32
    発行日: 1954/10/20
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    各人の人体腸内には, 人体の消化液の全力を以てしても消化せられない難消化物たる蒟蒻マンナンを分解する Aerobacter 群細菌が存する。蒟蒻マンナン分解 Aerobacter 群細菌の糞便中出現の頻度は10-3~10-5倍稀釈便液, 糞便にしての10~0.1mgである。蒟蒻マンナン分解 Aerobacter 群細菌の Aerobacter 群細菌との出現の比率は1/100~1000であるが, その大部分は1/100ぐらいの比率である。分離した蒟蒻マンナン分解 Aerobacter 群細菌34株は, その生物学的性状はいずれも同一で Aerobacter cloacae 型の異型菌である。この種細菌が各人の腸内に存し, 難消化物を消化し, 人体の栄養に貢献していることが窺知される。かかる意味合からしても, 人体の腸内細菌は決して単なる異物的存在, 寄生的存在ではなく共生的意義を持つものなることは疑を入れない。
  • 鈴木 愼次郎, 長嶺 晋吉, 大島 寿美子, 山川 喜久江
    1954 年 12 巻 1-2 号 p. 33-38
    発行日: 1954/10/20
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    The recovery process of the lower basal metabolism after the war was reported in report I (Jap. J. Nutr., 10, 108, 1952), which was based on the data measured between August 1949 and 1951. After that the measurement has been continued up to present. This report gives an acconunt of the process of the basal metabolism measured after that until December 1953. The reusults were as follows:
    1) The B. M. R. which was in lower level until August 1950 began to rise and it kept the constant level there after, as shown in figure 1 and 2. The B. M. R. for subsequent three years between 1950 and December 1953 were averaged into 33.7Cal./hr./sq.m. in subject S. S. and 33.3 in S. N.. These values are 4 and 6% higher than the lower B. M. R. in preceeding years respectively.
    2) The recovery of the declined B. M. R. needed about two years after the latter of 1948. when both sujects could begin to get diet of the nutritional allowances. It indicates that the recovery of the declined B. M. R. in consequence of prolonged food shortage needs a few years long to reach normal.
    3) The seasonal variation of the basal metabolism in this data showed that in winter was 5% higher and in summer 4% lower than the average.
    4) Respiratory quotient showed the seasonal variation: in summer higher than in winter in the subiject S. N. whose body weight was constant through a year, but it was not clear in the subject S. S. whose boby weight showed a seasonal change.
  • 長沼 一嘉
    1954 年 12 巻 1-2 号 p. 39-45
    発行日: 1954/10/20
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    In orde to confirm how glycogen is formed from fat in the body of a living thing, we have made some expriments in feeding white rats on butter, glycerin, and fattyacid and unsaturated fattyacid contained in butter.
    1. A rat fed on 70 percent butter increased in weight 3.7 grams on an average in ten days. When starch was used instead of fat, its weight showed an increase of 2.6 grams on an average in ten days. It is evident that butter is far superior to starch.
    2. The quantity of glycogen contained in the liver of a rat fed on butter is 1.69% on an vaerage and is far more than that of glycogen in the liver of a rat fed on starch, which is 1.38%: the fat contained in butter changes more easily to glycogen than starch.
    3. On the fattyacids and glycerin contained in butter what contributes most to an increase of the glycogen in a liver is oleicacid Na., whose percentage is 1.035, and what do least are stearinacid Na., whose percentage is 0.309, and glycerin, whose percentage is 0.28.
    4. An injection to a rat of nearly the same quantity of linolacid, linoleinacid or arachidonacid as contained in butter makes no increase in glycogen.
    5. What can be turned from fattyacid into glycose is saturated fattyacid alone except oleinacid, and between an increasing amount of glycogen and the number of carbon in the given fattyacid there seems to be something correlative.
  • 1954 年 12 巻 1-2 号 p. 54
    発行日: 1954/10/20
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
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