栄養学雑誌
Online ISSN : 1883-7921
Print ISSN : 0021-5147
ISSN-L : 0021-5147
64 巻 , 6 号
選択された号の論文の7件中1~7を表示しています
  • 武城 英明
    2006 年 64 巻 6 号 p. 299-307
    発行日: 2006/12/01
    公開日: 2010/02/09
    ジャーナル フリー
    Metabolic syndrome is a new concept of disease that indicates a high risk state for the development of atherosclerosis, and develops due to an over-intake of fat and lack of exercise based on our changing life style. Metabolic syndrome is accompanied by a number of metabolic disorders including dyslipidemia, high plasma glucose, hypertension and central obesity. One of the characteristics is an increased risk of coronary artery diseases or diabetes, even though the degree of each metabolic abnormality is not particularly severe. Insulin resistance plays a key role in the development of metabolic syndrome, this being closely associated with visceral fat accumulation. The pathogenesis of insulin resistance in metabolic syndrome is caused by a change in the secretion of such cytokines as TNF-a from adipocytes, depending on the region of accumulation. The treatment of metabolic syndrome needs long-term management of patients concerning modification of their life-style with the careful assessment of pathological adipocytes.
  • 須藤 紀子, 吉池 信男
    2006 年 64 巻 6 号 p. 309-324
    発行日: 2006/12/01
    公開日: 2010/02/09
    ジャーナル フリー
    This meta-analysis was conducted to assess the effect of educational intervention on the glycemic control of type 2 diabetes. We searched for English language trials in the Medline database (1986-2005). Studies were included if they were randomized controlled trials, tested the effect of health education on adult patients, and reported extractable data on the effect of treatment on glycohemoglobin (GHb). A total of 30 studies of 115 initially identified articles met these selection criteria. We classified the studies into one of the following categories by the type of intervention: diet and exercise, use of education tools, educational approach, mode of instruction, and telephone follow-up. We then calculated the pooled effect sizes by using random effect models. The largest decrease in GHb was observed with diet and exercise intervention (standardized difference in means (SDM)=-0.722, 95% confidence interval (CI)=-1.032--0.412). It was difficult to reduce the body weight and GHb by diet management alone, so exercise needed to be incorporated into the program. Since telephone follow-up was also effective (SDM=-0.229, 95% CI=-0.444--0.014), using a telephone instead of visits would be a feasible option for planning sustainable education programs for workers.
  • 後藤 美代子, 鈴木 道子, 佐藤 玲子, 鎌田 久仁子, 阿部 由希
    2006 年 64 巻 6 号 p. 325-329
    発行日: 2006/12/01
    公開日: 2010/02/09
    ジャーナル フリー
    A questionnaire survey was conducted with a total of 1, 269 parents of the children attending 13 kindergartens in Miyagi prefecture to examine who takes care of the children's meals. Mothers are living with 96.7% of the children, and 99.1% of those mothers take care of their meals. The meals for 78.6% of all the children are taken care of only by the mothers. Fathers are living with 92.7% of the children, and 7.9% of those fathers take care of their meals. In some households, a grandparent, especially the mother's mother, takes care of the children's meals. Of the parents who take care of the children's meals, 36.3% reported being bothered with this activity, while 35.9% of these parents were candid in their answers, including reporting personal problems. Almost all the parents taking care of their children's meals pay attention to nutrition, taste, and other attributes, as well as teaching their children suitable table manners for eating the meals.
  • 山下 直子, 秋田 千恵, 縄田 敬子, 上西 一弘, 石田 裕美
    2006 年 64 巻 6 号 p. 331-337
    発行日: 2006/12/01
    公開日: 2010/02/09
    ジャーナル フリー
    既婚勤労男性の身体活動および運動に対する意識と実態について調査を行い, 以下の結果を得た。
    1) 1日あたりの平均歩行数は9,819±3,765歩であり, 平日は平均10,682±4,365歩に対し, 休日は平均7,135±4,536歩と有意な差があった。平日の歩行数は年代, 職種, 就労内容によって差がみられ, 仕事の影響が大きいことが確認された。
    2) 運動習慣者は16.8%だった。運動を行っている理由は年代によって変化し, 年代が上がるにしたがって, 楽しみや友人との交流よりも, 健康づくりを目的とした理由があげられた。
    3)「身体活動」や「運動」を重要だと思う割合は, 年代により違いが認められた。
  • 楢崎 有季子, 堀尾 強
    2006 年 64 巻 6 号 p. 339-343
    発行日: 2006/12/01
    公開日: 2010/02/09
    ジャーナル フリー
    The threshold level of the five basic taste attributes was examined in elderly subjects for comparison with the levels in young subjects. The relationship among the taste threshold, sex, drinking, smoking, and artificial teeth was also examined, and the features of the food preference and taste were compared between the elderly and young subjects.
    The threshold level of all five taste solutions for the elderly subjects was higher than for the young. No relationship among the taste threshold, sex, and artificial teeth was apparent. Any influence of drinking and smoking on the taste was not clear, because the amounts of alcohol and tobacco consumed by most of the elderly subjects were small. The elderly had less preference for a sweet taste than the young. No correlation between the taste preference and taste threshold was apparent.
    These results suggest that the sensitivity for all the basic taste attributes of the elderly was inferior to that of the young, and that the taste preference also differed between the elderly and young subjects.
  • 宮本 佳代子
    2006 年 64 巻 6 号 p. 345-346
    発行日: 2006/12/01
    公開日: 2010/02/09
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 押野 榮司
    2006 年 64 巻 6 号 p. 349-352
    発行日: 2006/12/01
    公開日: 2010/02/09
    ジャーナル フリー
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