The aged people over 86 yrs (8 males: 89.5±3.0 yrs, and 16 females: 89.5±2.7 yrs) in the central Japan (northern Gifu prefecture) were examined in order to confirm the previous reports that aged peoples in Okinawa were better in their health than the average Japanese. In the area surveyed, those who were over 90 yrs were only 12 males (max. 96 yrs) per 13, 347 and only 16 females (max. 94 yrs) per 13, 942 population. They were more hypertensive and sclerosed than Okinawas (Gifu: m; 173.6±33.6/82.4±8.9, f; 180.7±27.3/83.9±12.7mmHg, Okinawa: m; 142.4±21.9/76.5±11.8, f; 158.2±24.8/80.9±8.9mmHg). ECG revealed that there were more coronary diseases (8/14) in aged people under 90 yrs in Gifu. Those who were nearly bed fast were often found in Gifu (Gifu: m; 12.5%, f; 47%, Okinawa: m; 0%, f; 6%) and many daily activities including vision, hearing were much less in Gifu than in Okinawa. Aged people in Gifu preferred more salt (Gifu: m; 50%, f; 38%, Okinawa m; 6%, f; 6%) and sugar (Gifu: m; 63%, f; 44%, Okinawa: m; 29%, f; 16%). The life span of parents (43, confirmed) was 69.02±13.44 yrs which was shorter than that of Okinawans. The causes of death were mainly cerebral vascular disease, cancer and pneumonia in Gifu, while those were mainly senility and accidents in Okinawa. The low protein (59g/day) and fat (27g/day) and high salt intake in Gifu may contribute to the differences in the two areas.