It is a dietetically noticeable problem that a marked tendency to go without breakfast is seen as the recent tendency of dietary life. The object of this survey is 514 persons of all classes who live in Osaka and the neighboring prefectures. It is summarized according to health center models as follows: 1) Persons in urban-type small areas-especially regular employees in Model U4 area show a high percentage of going without a meal a day on the average in summer and winter, and next, male students, female students and junior high school students in Model L5 area show a lower percentage of going without a meal in that order. 2) A marked tendency to go without a meal-especially breakfast is seen and the percentage of female students going without breakfast in Model U5 area was 58.3% in winter. 3) The investigation of the reason without having a meal shows a fact that 45.5%-85.8% of persons make it a habit to go without breakfast regardless of season. A further study will be made in future concerning about the back grounds of going without a meal and the sense or attitude of dietary life in young people and regular employees.
A paper survey concerning food habits in Taiwan has been conducted on 1, 537 girls and boys of 22 junior high schools randomly chosen from the North, Middle, and South districts in the western part of Taiwan in October, 1967. The information about food habits during pregnancy and the lying-in period and about the nursing method of the baby was obtained through their parents. During pregnancy 32.6% of the mothers especially favoured the sour taste and 24.6% fruits, while 32.6% tended to dislike meat and 15.4% vegetables and seaweeds. Foods recommended for pregnant women were so-called tonic foods, fruits, meat, vegetables, and beans in the order of the highest frequency. Ma you ji (Chicken fried with sesame oil and ginger, and then stewed with liquor and sugar) was served to 75.0% of the mothers as a special food for lying-in for as long as a month. Almost all of the children (98.2%) were breast-fed and 40% of them were nursed till 12 to 18 months of age, a half of the rest being fed for a shorter period and another half longer. The powdered milk product was used mostly when the supplemental bottle was needed. About half of the children were given soup and fruit juice by the five months of age and eggs, fish, and soybean curd by the twelveth month. One third of the monthers reported that they had fed their children with solid foods softened and chewed in their own mouth at the weaning period.
Surveys on relation of dining habit to General health condition were carried out by staffs of Kawasaki Health Center at three different times in 1970. Subjects of the enquêtes were workers of a department-store in Kawasaki City. This report showed a result of 794 women working in the department-store. Over half of the women were under 25 years old. It was considered that the nutritional intake of the subjects in a day was not good according to the content of diet, especially in the group of taking no breakfast. One third of all subjects had habits of two meals a day without breakfast. It was found that 2-meal-group had more complaints of subjective symptoms and fatigue after standing work as sellers than 3-meal-group. And 2-meal-group took rather small kinds of diet although they answered that they took diet with sufficient consideration about health. Therefore it was not thought that they had a sufficient knowledge of nutrition.
As many housewives responsible for household affairs nowadays work in society, some problems may arise in the family's dietary life. Therefore, survey was made in order to clarify the following two questions: (1) Factors which have influence upon the family's dietary life. (2) Problems of dietary life which result. This survey was made on about 550 married women of both the Telegraph and Telephone Corporation, and the Monopoly Corporation. The results were as follows: 1. Problems concerning dietary life. (1) The percentage of taking breakfast was low. Especially, in families which had infants under school age, the percentage of housewives taking breakfast was low. Further, when office hours were irregular the percentage of their husbands taking breakfast was also low. However, in case of a family with a helper, the percentage of husbands taking breakfast was high. (2) Factors in deciding the recipe were the following three: The importance of taking three meals a day, finding a suitable shop to buy materials and how to purchase items, and the use of processed food-stuffs. Considerations given to these factors were the same as general housewives. As a result, it may be said that in spite of the relative high-priced material for its quality, the meals which they took were very unbalanced from the nutritional viewpoint. 2. The following three factors appeared to have influence upon the dietary life at home. (1) Standardization of the working-type of housewives. (2) The existence of infants. (3) The existence of a helper in household affairs