This report relates the effect of nutritional guidance under the reporter's menu plan for the reduction of the excess-weight. After a survey to identify overweight female inpatients in a mental institution, subjects were chosen from the female applicants who had desired to reduce their excess-weight. 1) Fifty three per cent of the inpatients in the mental institution needed care for corpulency. They showed twenty per cent excess-weight over the standard. The figure of 53% indicated that a considerable number of the inpatients were corpulent. 2) Five subjects, each representing one of 5 different body types, showed no significant difference in their energy consumption per hour. It was presumed that their uniform lives under scheduled daily routine in the hospital were the cause of the above fact. 3) Under the reporter's 67 day nutrition menu plan, the subjects have lost 3.2 kilograms of weight on the average. There was a high coefficient of correlation between energy intake-output and weight change. Considering the two facts above, the conclusion was drawn that nutritional guidance had much effect on the weight change of the inpatients.
1. The time required for taking luncheon was investigated on 2200 subjects of college girls who were from 18 to 20 years old, from June to December in 1972. The results were as follows. 2. When rice, rice mixed with vegetables etc., bread, and noodle were served as a staple food, they required longer time to have them in the order of noodle, rice mixed with vegetables etc., rice and bread than the others. 3. Girls who attend school from their own house and lodgers were generally slow eaters (avarage, 14 minutes and 8 seconds), but college house boarders ate a little quickly (avarage, 13 minutes and 47 seconds). 4. The frequency of the subjects required 15 minutes, 10 minutes and 20 minutes for eating food was 50 percent, 24.2 percent and 10.8 percent, respectively. Eighty five percent of them ate the luncheon up within 15 minutes. 5. The time required for eating varies remarkably by their individual differences and their habitual foods and their living factors. Above all, the difference by habitual foods was the most remarkable factor.