栄養学雑誌
Online ISSN : 1883-7921
Print ISSN : 0021-5147
ISSN-L : 0021-5147
12 巻 , 3-4 号
選択された号の論文の11件中1~11を表示しています
  • 西原 綾子
    1955 年 12 巻 3-4 号 p. 57-58
    発行日: 1955/03/25
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    神奈川県鎌倉臨海学園児童22名につき昭和23年9月より24年3月まで上膊囲, 身長, 体重, 胸囲, 肺活量, 背筋力, 握力, 立巾跳の計測を毎月1回ずつ行つた。同一人の7回の測定値に関し, 上膊囲に対する他の7項目の相関係数を求めた。その結果は上膊囲に対して各項目とも相当高い正の相関を示しrは0.4~0.9であつた。その高さの順序は体重, 胸囲, 背筋力, 握力, 身長, 肺活量, 立巾跳であつた。総じて11月と1月は相関度は高く, 2月は低かつた。体重と握力, 身長と肺活量は相関度及び月次的の傾向がよく似ていた。栄養指数の Oppenheimer II式及び Davenport 式と各項目の相関を上膊囲のそれと比較すると, 各項目とも常に上膊囲に対する相関が最も高かつた。
  • 馬場 春夫
    1955 年 12 巻 3-4 号 p. 59-61
    発行日: 1955/03/25
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    アサリの肉成分の季節的消長と肉の塩酸分解物並びにエキスについてペーパークロマトグラムによる成分の固定を試みた, 粗蛋白については産卵期毎に消長を示し12.0~15.5%の範囲で変化している。グリコーゲン, 粗脂肪に著しい変化がない。ペーパークロマトグラムには特にエキス中の Arginine が著しく表われた。
  • 鈴木 愼次郎, 長嶺 晋吉, 河田 正治, 久我 達郎, 山川 喜久江, 大島 寿美子
    1955 年 12 巻 3-4 号 p. 62-68
    発行日: 1955/03/25
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    The effect of the high-fat diet on the work metabolism has been studied in twice on normal young man aged 25 years.
    Method: The experimental diets are as shown in table 1. At first high-carbohydrate diet war provided for three days, and next high-fat diet for five days, and at last high-carbohydrate diet for two days, similarly in the first and second experiment. The contents of fat in high-fat diets were about 30 percent calories (100 grams of butter) in the first experiment and 50 percent calories (150 grams of butter) in the second experiment.
    The muscular work was performed for 50 minutes at the pass of 3 hours after the morning meal by revolving the bicycle-ergometer. The amount of the muscular work performed is as in tabe 2. The collection of expired air during work and recovery period was conducted continuously by Douglas-Bag each for three or four minutes. And alkaline reserve of blood plasma was determined by Vanslyke-Cullen method and urinary excretion of acetone bodies by Behre' colorimetric method.
    Results:
    (1) The work metabolism in high-fat diet periods showed the decrease of CO2 production, accordingly of respiratory quotient and of the volume of expired air.
    Even O2 consumption and heat consumption were slightly decreased compared with the work metabolism in high-carbohydrate diet periods. This phenomenon was remarkable specially in the case of fat diet containd 50 percent (Table 3 and 4, Figure 1). This aspect was also seen in tke basal metabolism and the resting metabolism (Table 7).
    (2) Alkaline reserve of blood plasma declined slightly right after the work, but it recovered at the 30 minutes after the work (Table 8)
    (3) Urinary acetone bodies had no difference between high-carbohydrate diet and fat diet containing 30 percent, but in 50 percent fat diet increased evidently (Table 9).
    These results showed that high-fat died effected efficiently to the work metabolim, but 50 percent of fat in calorie seemed to be excessive for Japanese from the reason of increase of the urinary aceton bodies.
  • 岩尾 裕之
    1955 年 12 巻 3-4 号 p. 69-81
    発行日: 1955/03/25
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    Boiling or soaking in water of spinach, containing low oxalic acid, cannot eliminate the interference of oxalic acid with the utilization of calcium.
  • 岩尾 裕之
    1955 年 12 巻 3-4 号 p. 82-86
    発行日: 1955/03/25
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    Addition of 1-5% table salt to a diet containing 1% oxalic acid could not affect the interference of oxalic acid with the utilization of calcium.
  • 岩尾 裕之
    1955 年 12 巻 3-4 号 p. 87-96
    発行日: 1955/03/25
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    In feeding rats with 5-20% fat level diets the more fat the conteins, the more effective is the prevention of the interference of 1% oxalic acid in the diet with the utilization of calcium.
    For the prevention of the interference of 1% oxalic acid in the diet with the utilization of calcium, Soy-bean oil, beef-fat, hydrogenated oil are all good, but not herring oil.
  • 井上 憲政, 印南 敏, 北川 四朗, 針生 英司
    1955 年 12 巻 3-4 号 p. 97-99
    発行日: 1955/03/25
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    フラビン麹のビタミンB2生産量は, 培地の水分量によつて左右されるそれも培地の材料の如何によるが, 糠と魚粉の組み合せのような場合には50~55%, コプラミールを培地の床とする様な場合には65~70%ぐらい水分を添加する方法がフラビン麹のB2の生産量を高める。それ以上の場合は培地が団塊となつて製麹しにくい。
  • 井上 憲政
    1955 年 12 巻 3-4 号 p. 100-104
    発行日: 1955/03/25
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    The frequency of appearance of the coliform group and enterococci in the natural butter and the properties of isolated coliform bacteria were examined. 15 samples of the marketed butter 9 samples of the laboratory preparations, 15 samples of the makers, total 48 butter samples, were examined. The frequency of appearance was examined by the multiplying bacteria method using the selective medium for their bacteria.
    Both modified Eijkman medium and E. C. medium were used for Escherichia coli type, Koser medium for Aerobacter aerogenes type, Koser medium added Konnyaku flake for Aerobacter group decomposing Konnyaku mannan and S. F. medium for Enterococci.
    Escherichia coli type was found in two of 24 samples. One of them in the butter dilutions of them in the butter dilutions of 10-1-10-3, and the other in 10-1-10-2.
    Aerobacter group, chiefly Aerobacter aerogenes type, were found even in the butter dilutions as much high as 10-4-10-5 in some instances, but ware detected only in dilutions of 10-2-10-3 in many butter products, Aerobacter group decomposing mannan, chiefly Aerobacter cloacae type, were detected in lower dilutions than in the case of Aerobacter aerogenes type, and many of them were detected in dilutions of 10-1-10-2.
    The frequency of appearance of Enterococci was the same as that of Aerobacter group decomposing mannan in dilutions of 10-1-10-2.
    Escherichia coli type was also isolated. In the Aerobacter group, Aerobacter aerogenes type and Aerobacter cloacae type were detected Aerobacter aerogenes type was classified as 3 types by the fermentation of adonitol and dulcitol. All Aerobacter group decomposing mannan were Aerobacter cloacae type.
  • 和田 冨起, 平山 昌子
    1955 年 12 巻 3-4 号 p. 105-110
    発行日: 1955/03/25
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    The protein efficiency of Puffed soy bean (steam-puff-process products) is equal to that of casein and is about 50% higher than that of boiled soy bean.
    For soy bean protein, Puff-process is better heating method than boiling.
  • 今井 統雄, 真山 節子, 岩尾 裕之
    1955 年 12 巻 3-4 号 p. 111-113
    発行日: 1955/03/25
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    The commercial enriched rice has often used to lose the vitamin on washing, then we studied to improve this defect. We prepared some good enriched rice with vitamin B1 naphthalene disulfonate as enrichment agent. As compared with commercial articles and such like on the loss of vitamin under washing, heating, cooking and storing, our prepared ones gave the best result revealed in the below tables.
  • 田村 盈之輔, 鈴木 秀夫
    1955 年 12 巻 3-4 号 p. 114-119
    発行日: 1955/03/25
    公開日: 2010/10/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    A micro techinique for the separation of aminoacids was carried out on various condition by paper electrophoresis in acordance with the modification of E. L. Durrum, and the quantitative determination of asparatic acid and glutamic acid was conducted by photometry of coloured solution produced by ninhydrin after the separation of them from proteins or amino acids mixture by electrophoresis on filter paper. The rerults indicated that the recovery of asparatic acid and glutamic acid was both 94-108% and their contents in the proteins estimated by our method were coincident with those by other methods.
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